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Mary FUQUA
Subject:  Mary "Polly" FUQUA
Birth:  certainly between 1790 and 1800, doubtfully in 1799 or 1800, probably ca. 1793, VA
Death:  1850-60, Caswell Co., NC
Occupation:  homemaker, seamstress
Father:  William FUQUA (1769-1838)
Mother:  Frances "Frankie / Frankey" DUNIVANT; m. 11 Dec 1792, Amelia Co., VA

Although Mary's age in the 1850 census would place her birth in 1799 or 1800, such a birth year would give her an age of 11 or 12 when she conceived a child with Moses TAYLOR, and she likely had one prior child.  In the mid-19th Century, the average age of menarche in women was 16 to 17 (by the mid-20th Century, it had fallen to 13, and it's currently age 11 to 12 the decrease being attributed primarily to increased nutrition).  If we assume Mary was 16 when she conceived her first child, this places her probable birth year at around 1793.  This year would be consistent with her age class in the 1830 and 1840 censuses, which places her birth between 1790 and 1800; and most women of that era were fibbing about their age by the time they were 40, which would explain her age of only 50 in the 1850 census.

Children born in Caswell Co., NC:
  1.  (Daughter A) FUQUA, b. 1810-15
  2.  (Son) FUQUA, b. 15 Mar 1812 father is Moses TAYLOR
  3.  (Daughter B) FUQUA, b. 1810-15
  4.  (Daughter C) FUQUA, b. 1810-15
  5.  John FUQUA, b. ca. 1815
  6.  James FUQUA, b. Oct 1819 father is possibly Samuel DUNAWAY
  7.  Frances "Fannie" FUQUA, b. 1 Jan 1820
  8.  Elizabeth P. "Betsy" FUQUA, b. 1825
  9.  Emeline / Emmeline FUQUA, b. 1826/7
10.  Martha FUQUA, b. 1828/9; not known to have married
11.  Margaret C. "Peggy" FUQUA, b. 1832-34
Grandsons(?) born in Caswell Co., NC:
.  John H. DUNIVANT, b. 1831/2
.  Alexander DUNIVANT, b. 1836/7
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, North Carolina, Virginia

Sources: 

1a.  Marriage Record:  not known to have married.

1b.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  North Carolina Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):  Two of Mary's brothers married in Caswell Co., NC, in the 1820s, but had moved on by the 1830 census.

2.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find. There are no FUQUA's, at all, indexed in Cas

3.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #41-42 of 112 indexed "Forgue"; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 NC Caswell Co. Roll M19-119 p. 282 Ln. 24 Polly Fuqua 000 - 211 301 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Martha (b. 1828/9)
= Emeline (b. 1826/7)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Elizabeth (b. 1825)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Frances (b. 190)
3 females 15-19 1810-1815 = Daughter C
= Daughter B
= Daughter A
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Polly 
Were the teenage girls Polly's sisters or her daughters?  Or neither?  She is the only FUQUA indexed in the county.

4.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #77-78 of 90; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 NC Caswell Co. Roll 358 pp. 126A-126B Ln. 28 Polly Fuqua 200 - 010 130 100 no slaves _______
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = Alexander DUNIVANT? (b. 1836/7)
= John H. DUNIVANT? (b. 1831/3?)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Margaret (b. 1832-34)
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Elizabeth (b. 1825)
3 females 20-29 1810-1820 = Frances (b. 1819/20)
= Daughter C
= Daughter B
1 female 40-49 1790-1800 = Polly
(The index at Ancestry has the roll and page numbers switched.)

5a.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 160):  Caswell Co., NC, Roll M432_623, p. 179A, 74/75, enumerated 20 Jul 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Mary Fuqua 50 F       Virginia
John Fuqua 34 M   Farmer   Caswell NC
Francis Fuqua 30 F         do    "
Elizabeth P Fuqua 25 F         do    "
Martha Fuqua 21 F         do    "
Margaret C Fuqua 18 F         do    "
Augustin W Fuqua  6 M         do    "
Pinckney Fuqua  3 M         do    "
John H Dunivant 18 M   Labourer     do    "
Alexander Dunivant 13 M         do    "
Given the age of her first known child, Mary is almost certainly fibbing about her age.  Some allege that John is Mary's brother, not her son, but if so, we would expect him to be listed either first (as head of household) or last, after Mary's children.  Augustine and Pinckney are Frances's children.  The DUNIVANT boys are likely also grandchildren.

6a.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Mary not found.

6b.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #128 of 153):  Yanceyville P.O., Caswell Co., NC, Roll M653_891, p. 377A/757, PN 145, 1128/1131, enumerated 20 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Betsy Fuqua 34 F   Seamstress   25 NC
Emiline Fuqua 33 F         NC
William Fuqua 13 M         NC
Eliza Fuqua  6 F         NC
Henry Fuqua  3 M         NC
Fannie Fuqua  2 F         NC
Listed two households from sister, Peggy FUQUA.

6c.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #128 of 153):  Yanceyville P.O., Caswell Co., NC, Roll M653_891, p. 377A/757, PN 145, 1130/1133, enumerated 20 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Peggy Fuqua 26 F   Seamstress   25 NC
Lorenzo Fuqua  8 M         NC
Mary Fuqua  6 F         NC
Robt Fuqua  3 M         "

6d.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #127/153):  Yanceyville P.O., Caswell Co., NC, Roll M653_891, p. 376B/756, PN 144, 1123/1126, enumerated 20 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
F Fuqua 40 F   Seamstress   25 NC
M Fuqua 30 F         NC
A Fuqua 16 M   Farmer     NC
J H Fuqua 13 M         NC
J Fugua 10 F         NC
Nat Fuqua  8 M         NC
This is Frances and Martha.  The children are Augustine, John Henry Pinckney, Virginia Jane, and Nathaniel and are attributed to Frances. 

7.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #25 of 37):  Leasburg P.O., Leasburg Twp., Caswell Co., NC, Roll M593_1128, p 363A, PN 25, 192/193, enumerated 26 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Banks William 25 M W Farm Laboror     N Carolina  
_____ Virginia 20 F W Keeping house     "  
_____ William 8/12 M W       " Nov
Fuqua Martha 35 F W House keeper     "  
Virginia Jane "Jennie" (FUQUA) BARTS is the daughter of Martha's sister, Frances FUQUA.  Martha is fibbing about her age.

8.  WorldConnect / WorldTree (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).  See especially the "Caswell County Family Tree" by the Caswell County Historical Association.  Notes in that file include these two bastardy bonds from Caswell Co., NC:
Whereas upon the examination of Mary Fuquay, a single woman, this day taken on oath, before us, James Rainey and Archibald Samuel, two of the Justices in and for said court, it appears that said Mary Fuquay on the 15th day of last month, delivered of a male child, which child having been a bastard, may become chargable to the county, and the said Mary Fuqua hath confessed that Moses Taylor of said county did begat the same child and hath charged him with the offense.  Therefore the commissioners shall apprehend the said Moses Taylor and bring him before us or any two Justices of the peace for the said county to answer the said charges.

Given under our hands on this 3 days of April 1812

Known by all these presents that Moses Taylor, Alex Taylor, Charles Taylor are bound unto Solomon Graves of the said *Caswell* County in the sum of four hundred pounds to be paid to said Solomon Graves and his successors in office or assigns to which payment is well and hereto paid and we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators jointly and severally, firmly by these presents sealed with our hand and dated the 14th of April 1812.

The condition of the above obligation is such that whereas Polly Fuqua hath been delivered of a base born child and Moses Taylor stands charged as the reputed father thereof and charges which may or shall accrue in consequence of the birth and maintenance of this child and abide by and perform such maintenance and __ of said court which shall be made, etc, etc, etc.

Signed by Moses Taylor, Alexander Taylor and Charles Taylor.

The examination of Mary Fuquay of said county, a single woman, taken on oath, before us, James Rainey and Archibald Samuel, two of the Justices of the Peace in and for said county on the 15th day of April 1812, who saith on oath that on the 15th day of last month, she was delivered of a male child and that Moses Taylor of said county was the father of said child.

signed Mary X (her mark) Fuquay

Known by all men by these presents that Mary Fuquay and Samuel Dunaway of the state of North Carolina and County of *Caswell* are held and firmly bound to the chairman of the court of said county in the sum of fifty pounds to which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors etc etc to be sealed with our seals and dated this 30 day of October 1819.

The condition of the above obligation is such that the above bound Mary Fuquay was a few weeks ago delivered of a son which she has named James, which child was born a bastard.  Now if the said child shall not become chargable to said county then the above obligation to be void, otherside to be and remain in full force and effect.

Signed Mary (x) Fuquay and Samuel Dunnaway.

9.  Messages posted to the Fuqua Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

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