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Valentine CUPP
Elizabeth DAVIS
Husband:  Valentine CUPP
Birth:  1811/2, Claiborne Co., TN
Death:  17 Sep 1861, Battle of Blue Mills Ferry, Liberty, Clay Co., MO
Disposition:  buried on family farm near Kirksville, Adair Co., MO
Military:  Mexican War:  soldier (age 35 in Apr 1847)
Military:  Civil War:  Capt. of Cavalry, Union Army
Occupation:  clergyman
Father:  Jacob CUPP
Mother:  Sibby BREEDING
Marriage:  ca. 1829/30
One source gives Valentine an earlier wife, but he is only just old enough to have married Elizabeth and have had a child by 1830.
Wife:  Elizabeth "Betsy" DAVIS
Birth:  1810, TN
Death:  1870, [Knox? Co.,] MO
Father:  Benjamin DAVIS (b. 1794/5, TN)
Mother:  Lavina PERRY (b. 1795/6, SC) 

Some secondary sources say Elizabeth was the niece of Jefferson DAVIS, President of the Confederate States of America.  To be Jefferson's niece, Elizabeth's father had to be Jefferson's brother. Benjamin DAVIS, brother of Jefferson, was born in 1787/8 in Georgia, not in 1794/5 in Tennessee, and he married Aurelia SMITH (ca. 1824), not Lavina PERRY.  Benjamin & Aurelia (SMITH) DAVIS, had just one child, Mary Ann DAVIS (1825-1828), who did not survive.  None of Jefferson DAVIS's other brothers had a daughter, Elizabeth, either, so it's time to bury the legend that this Elizabeth DAVIS is a niece of Jefferson DAVIS. 

Children:
1.  Martha E. "Patsy" CUPP, b. 1830, Claiborne Co., TN; m1. 1847, Larkin BENTLEY; m2. 5 Dec 1858, Knox Co., MO, Reese Bayles BROYLES, s/o Matthias BROYLES & Ann BAYLES

2.  Luke Lee CUPP, b. 1832/3, Schuyler [now Brown] Co., IL; d. 15 Jan 1911, La Plata, Macon Co., MO; m1. 13 Apr 1852, Brown Co., IL, Permelia A. TAYLOR; m2. 28 Sep 1854, Brown Co., IL, Harriet Jane UPCHURCH

3.  Adeline "Dice" CUPP, b. 1835/6, Schuyler [now Brown] Co., IL; m. 1853, Brown Co., IL, William F. DOTY

4.  Howell Davis CUPP, b. 18 Apr 1838, Schuyler [now Brown] Co., IL; d. 24 Apr 1909, Macon Co., MO; m. 3 Feb 1860, Knox Co., MO, Mary E. SALING

5.  Absalom CUPP, b. Jun 1841/2/3, Brown Co., IL; d. 17 Jun 1915, St. Joseph, Knox Co., MO; bur. Cupp Cemetery, Knox Co., MO; m. 18 Jan 1870, Adair Co., MO, Mary WINN

6.  James CUPP, b. 2 Mar 1843/4/5, Chariton Co., MO; d. 22 Nov 1921, Adair Co., MO; m. 1 Dec 1870, Knox Co., MO, Margaret A. AUSMUS

7.  Elizabeth "Sis" CUPP, b. 1845/6, MO; m. 1 Jan 1861, Knox Co., MO, Simeon KIPPER

8.  Cynthia Ann CUPP, b. 1850, Brown Co., IL; d. 1855, Knox Co., MO

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Illinois, Missouri, South Carolina

WARNING:  the movements of this family are very difficult to explain, much less believe.  I've no doubt something's wrong here.  The biggest problem is Valentine's being said to be in Chariton Co., MO, in the 1840 Census.
Timeline
Year Location Event
1810/22 TN birth of Elizabeth DAVIS
1811/2 TN birth of Valentine CUPP
    marriage of Valentine CUPP & Elizabeth DAVIS
1830   birth of daughter, Martha
1830 Census TN: Claiborne Co. Valentine CUPP, head-of household
1832 TN: Claiborne Co. Valentine CUPP
1832/3 Tennessee to Illinois family moves
1832/3 IL birth of son, Luke
1835/6 IL birth of daughter, Adeline
1838 IL birth of son, Howell
1839 IL: Brown Co. formed from Schuyler Co.
1836-40 Illinois to Missouri family moves
1840 Census said to be in Chariton Co., MO Valentine CUPP, head-of-household
1840-43 Missouri to Illinois family moves
1841/2/3 IL birth of son, Absalom
1841-45 Illinois to Missouri family moves
1843/4/5 MO birth of son, James
1845/6 MO birth of daughter, Elizabeth
1845-50 Missouri to Illinois family moves
1850 Census IL: Brown Co.: T1S.R2W Volentine CUP, head-of-household
1850 IL birth of daughter, Cynthia
1852 IL: Brown Co. marriage of son, Luke, to Permelia TAYLOR
1853 IL: Brown Co. marriage of daughter, Adeline, to William DOTY
1854 IL: Brown Co. marriage of son, Luke, to Harriet UPCHURCH
1850-55 Illinois to Missouri family moves
1855 MO: Knox Co. death of daughter, Cynthia
1858 MO: Knox Co. marriage of daughter, Martha, to Reese BROYLES
1860 MO: Knox Co. marriage of son, Howell, to Mary SALING
1860 Census MO: Knox Co.: Salt River Twp. Valentine CUPP, head-of household
1861 MO: Knox Co. marriage of daughter, Elizabeth, to Simeon KIPPER
1861 MO: Clay Co.: Liberty death of Valentine CUPP
1870 MO: Adair Co. marriage of son, Absalom, to Mary WINN
1870 MO: Knox Co. death of Elizabeth (DAVIS) CUPP
1870 Census - -
1870 MO: Knox Co. marriage of son, James, to Margaret AUSMUS

Sources:

1.  Byron Sistler & Barbara Sistler.  1987.  Early East Tennessee Marriages.  Byron Sistler & Assoc., Inc., Nashville, TN (includes all extant ante-bellum marriage records from eastern Tennessee, including Claiborne Co.):  not found.

2a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1830 (Broderbund CD-315):
1830 Census Cupp, Valentine TN Claiborne Co. p. 31
1832 Cupp, Valentine TN Claiborne Co.  

2b.  1830 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #58 of 101; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 TN Claiborne Co. p. 131 Valentine Cupp 000 100 - 000 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Valentine (b. 1811/2)
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Elizabeth (b. 1810)
Listed next to Valentine's father, Jacob CUPP

3.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #9-10 of 41; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 MO Chariton Co. pp. 306A-306B Volentine Capp 110 010 - 020 010 0200000 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Howell (b. 1838)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Luke (b. 1832/3)
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Valentine (b. 1811/2)
2 females 5-9 1830-1835 = Adeline (b. 1835/6)
= Martha (b. 1830)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Elizabeth (b. 1810)
2 persons engaged in agriculture
Listed seven lines from Valentine's brother, Aham CUPP

4.  1850 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #10 of 22):  Township One South Range Two West (T1S.R2W), Brown Co., IL, pp. 118B-119A, 344/346, enumerated 23/24 Aug 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Volentine Cup 38 m Farmer   Tenn
Elizabeth  " 39 f     "
Luke 17 m Farmer   Ill
Dica 14 m     "
Howell 12 m     "
Absalom  7 m     "
[next page]
James Cup 15 M     Mo
Elizabeth "  4 F     "
Synthia Ann " 1/12 F     Ill
The "15" for James has to be a mistake for "5," made by the census-taker when he carried over to the next page.  Living three doors down from Edward & Rachel PERRY, in one direction; and, in the other direction, living next door to Irwin & Patsey PERRY (Sr.), who are living two doors down from Elish & Sarah PERRY, who are living next door to Irwin & Nancy PERRY (Jr.).

5a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1860 (Broderbund CD-318):  not found, but there are no Missouri records on this CD.

5b.  1790-1870 Census Index (online at Ancestry.com):
1860 CUPP VALENTINE MO Knox Co. Saltriver Twp. p. 156

6.  The Story of Liberty, Missouri. [link died]   The only battle of the Civil War fought in Clay Co., MO, was the Battle of Blue Mills Landing (a.k.a. Blue Mills Ferry).  The battle was fought in Liberty, Clay Co., across the Missouri River from Blue Mills, Jackson Co., so if Valentine died in the battle, as is said, he died in Clay Co.

7.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1998.  Marriage Index: Missouri, 1851-1900.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-234):
Cupp, Absalum Winn, Mary Jan 18, 1870 Adair Co.

8.  Knox County, Missouri, Marriage Records (as cited by Barbara Cupp Woods at WorldConnect):
Simeon KIPPER Elizabeth CUPP 1 Jan 1861 Book 1845 p. 129A #3042
James CUPP Margaret A. AUSMUS 1 Dec 1870 Book 1845 p. 255A #2565

9.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

10.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).

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