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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Joseph CUPP
Barbara ROOT
Husband:  Joseph CUPP
Birth:  10 May 1787, Augusta Co., VA
Death:  1870-80, presumably in Preble Co., OH
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  Marcus CUPP
Mother:  Margaretha __?__
Marriage:  13 Nov 1817, Rockingham Co., VA
Wife:  Barbara ROOT / ROOTS
Birth:  Mar 1797, Rockingham Co., VA
Death:  1870-80, presumably Preble Co., OH
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Michael ROOT
Children:
born in Rockingham Co., VA:
  1.  Priscilla CUPP, b. 26 Aug 1818  {1850: 25, VA; 1870: 51, VA; 1880: 61, VA
  2.  Joseph "Joe" CUPP, b. 2 Oct 1819; d.s.p. by 1820
  3.  Lydia CUPP, b. 23 Oct 1820  {1850: 24, VA; 1860: 30, VA}
  4.  George Washington CUPP, b. 13 Jan 1822; d.s.p. by 1830
  5.  John Lewis CUPP, b. 14 Apr 1824  {1850: 21, VA; 1860: 34, VA; 1870: 46, VA
  6.  Jonas CUPP, b. 18 Dec 1825  {1850: 20, VA; 1860: 25, VA; 1870: 44, VA

born in Preble Co., OH:
  7.  Jacob CUPP, b. 29 Jul 1828 {1850: 18, OH; 1860: 31, VA
  8.  Louise CUPP, b. ca. 1832; d.s.p. by 1840
  9.  Joseph CUPP, b. 1833/4  {1850: 16, OH}
10.  Barbara CUPP, b. 1835  {1850: 14, OH}
11.  Solomon CUPP, b. 1837/8  {1850: 12, OH}
12.  Andrew "Andy" CUPP, b. 1837  {1850: 10, OH; 1860: 22, OH; 1870: 33, OH}
13.  Michael M. CUPP, b. 1840  {1850:  8, OH; 1860: 20, OH; 1870: 30, OH

Data in braces are {year: age, birthplace} from the censuses.


Sources:

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: International Genealogical Index (IGI).
Joseph CUPP
Spouse: Barbara ROOT
Marriage: 13 Nov 1817, Rockingham, Virginia
Source: patron submission

2.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #9 of 53; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 VA Rockingham Co. p. 128 Ln. 13 Cupp Joseph 000010-10100-0-100 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = Joseph (b. 1787)
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Priscilla (b. 1818)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Barbara (b. 1797)
1 person engaged in agriculture
List is alphabetical, so no neighborhood reconstruction is possible.

3.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5 of 18; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 OH Preble Co. Lanier Twp. p. 382 Ln. 21 Joseph Cupp 212 000 100 - 011 001
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = Jonas (b. 1828/9)
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = John Lewis (b. 1824)
2 males 10-14 1815-1820 = ?
= ?
1 male 40-49 1780-1790 = Joseph (b. 1787) 
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Lydia (b. 1820)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Priscilla (b. 1818)
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Barbara (b. 1797) 
There were no sons in the household in the 1820 census, so the teenage males cannot be our subjects' sons unless they were twins born in late 1820.

4.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #75-76 of 242; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 OH Preble Co. Lanier Twp. pp. 83B-84A Ln. 20 Joseph Cupp 222 200 010 - 010 011 100 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = Andrew (b. c1837)
= Solomon (b. 1837/8)
2 males 5-9 1830-1835 = Joseph (b. 1833/4)
= Jacob (b. 1831/2)
2 males 10-14 1825-1830 = Jonas (b. 1829/30)
= ?
2 males 15-19 1820-1825 = John Lewis (b. 1824)
= ?
1 male 50-59 1780-1790 = Joseph (b. 1787)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Barbara (b. 1835)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Priscilla (b. 1818)
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = ?
1 female 40-49 1790-1800 = Barbara (b. 1797)
1 person engaged in agriculture
The woman in her 30's is too old to be our subjects' daughter.

5.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #30 of 40 indexed "Cripp"):  Lanier Twp., Preble Co., OH, p. 317B/634, 1233/1240, enumerated 7 Sep 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Joseph Cupp 69 M Farmer 2500 Virginia
Barbra    " 53 F     "
Priscilla " 25 F     "
Lydia     " 24 F     "
Lewis     " 21 M "   "
Jonas     " 20 M "   "
Jacob     " 18 M "   Ohio
Joseph    " 16 M "   "
Barbra    " 14 F     "
Solomon   " 12 M     "
Andrew    " 10 M     "
Michael   "  8 M     "
For some reason, nearly all of the ages are off.  Was the informant one of the children?

5c.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #14 of 40 mis-indexed "Cripp"):  Lanier Twp., Preble Co., OH, p. 304B, 1050/1057, enumerated 29 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Stephen Cloyd 51 M   Farmer 4700 Virginia
Eliza     " 41 F       "
[Stephen & Eliza's eight children]
Lewis Cupp 21 M       Virginia
Did Lewis manage to get himself enumerated twice?  (It sometimes happens when I child is working out of the home.)  He is listed five households from Andrew CUPP, who is the right age to be Lewis's brother, except that Andrew's parents are not our subjects. 

6.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #27 of 44):  Lanier Twp., Preble Co., OH, p. 150A, PN 107, 905/875, enumerated 19 Jul 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Joseph Cupp 72 M   Farmer 6200 1000 Va
Barbara 62 F         "
Lydia 30 F         "
Andrew 22 M   "     Ohio
Michael 20 M   "     "

7a.  Family Quest Archives:  Ohio 1870 Census Index.  Heritage Quest ACD-0014:
Surname Given
name
Age Sex Race Birth
Place
County Locality Roll Pg
Cupp Joseph 83 M W VA Preble Lanier Twp 1259 169
Cupp Barbara 73 F W VA Preble Lanier Twp 1259 169
I cannot fathom why Barbara was indexed (see next source).

7b.  1870 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #40 of 42):  Eaton P.O., Lanier Twp., Preble Co., OH, p. 169B, PN 40, 306/297, 29 Aug 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen).  This image is extremely pale and very hard to read; I may have made mistakes.
Cupp Joseph 83 M W ??? 8440 800? Virginia
     Barbra 70 F W Keeping house     Virginia
     Andrew 33 M W Farm Laborer     Ohio
Kirkland Barbra? 14 F W House Servant     Ohio
Living next door to son, Michael CUPP

8.  1880 United States Census and National Index (LDS Family History Resource File: CD-ROM Library):  not found.

9.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).

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