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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
 
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James S. COX
Catharine STROUP
Husband:  James S. COX
Birth:  Nov 1807, PA
Death:  aft. 1900 census
Occupation:  millwright
Marriage:
Wife:  Catharine STROUP
Birth:  Dec 1823, Greenwood, Perry Co., PA
Death:  aft. 1900 census
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Peter STROUP, Sr.
Mother:  Catharine __?__
Children — born in Greenwood Twp., Juniata Co., PA:
1.  William C. COX, b. 1847/8; m. Emma S. __?__
2.  Elias "Eli" COX, b. Mar 1850
3.  Paul T. COX, b. Oct 1852; m. Sarah C. __?__
4.  Sarah A. COX, b. 1854/5
5.  Henrietta COX, b. 1856/7
6.  Julianna / Julian / Julia COX, b. Feb 1860; m. Mr. FERGUSON
7.  Susanna / Susan COX, b. Feb 1860
8.  Mary J. COX, b. 1863/4
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #17 of 40):  Greenwood Twp., Juniata Co., PA, Roll M432_786, p. 310B, 2025/2055, enumerated Nov 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
James Cox 37 M   Millwright   Penna
Cath Cox 22 F       "
Wm Cox  3 M       "
Infant 2/12 F       "

3.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 16):  Richfield P.O., Greenwood Twp., Juniata Co., PA, Roll M653_1119, p. 614, PN 208, 1446/1, enumerated 30 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
James Cox 52 M   Farmer 3500 1300 Penna
Cath Cox 37 F         "
Wm C 12 M         "
Eli 10 M         "
Paul  7 M         "
Sarah A  5 F         "
Henrietta  3 F         "
Julianna 3/12 F         "
Susanna 3/12 F         "

4.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #10 of 19):  Richfield P.O., Greenwood Twp., Juniata Co., PA, Roll M593_1353, p. 382B, PN 10, 53/53, enumerated 24 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
Cox James 62 M W Farmer 12500 800 Pa
Kate 46 F W Keeping house     Pa
William 22 M W F $     Pa
Elias 19 M W "     Pa
David 15 M W       Pa
Sarah 14 F W       Pa
Henrietta 13 F W       Pa
Julian 10 F W Twins     Pa
Susan 10 F W   "     Pa
May  6 F W       Pa
This enumerator used the dollar sign a lot, and I have no idea what it was intended to represent, but surely William and Elias were farm laborers.

5.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 11):  Greenwood Twp., Juniata Co., PA, Roll T9_1137, p. 355B, PN 6, SD 7, ED 134, enumerated 4 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 21 24 25 26
45 48 Cox James S W M 72     / Farmer   PA PA PA
    ___ Catharine W F 54 Wife   / Keeping house   PA PA PA
    ___ Susan W F 19 Dau /   At home   PA PA PA
    ___ Mary J W F 16 Dau /   At home / PA PA PA
    Ferguson Julia W F 19 Dau   / At home   PA PA PA
Listed next to son, William C. COX (æ 32, b. PA, wife Emma S.).

6.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

7.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #9-10 of 12):  Greenwood Twp., Juniata Co., PA, Roll T623_1417, pp. 65A-65B, SN 5, SD 12, ED 116, enumerated 8 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤•
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 22 23 24 25 27
89 92 Cox James S Head W M Nov 1807 92 M 50     PA PA PA Wheelwright 12 Y Y Y R H
[next page]
    ___ Catharine Wife W F Dec 1823 76 M 50 8 8 PA PA PA Keeping House   Y Y Y    
Sharing domicile with their son, Paul T. COX (b. Oct 1852, PA, wife Sarah C.).

8.  1910 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found. 

9.  A.L. Guss.  1886.  "Chapter XXI: Greenwood Township." Pages 885-891 in F. Ellis & A.N. Hungerford, eds.  History of That Part of the Susquehanna and Juniata Valleys Embraced in the Counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.  Everts, Peck & Richards, Philadelphia. 
... The Seven Star Tavern was built in 1818 by Peter Stroup.  It has been kept by several, and since 1860 has been kept by Thomas COX...

SCHOOLS.—The earliest school-house said to have been in the township was built of logs on the Stroup farm, in 1788, and taught by ___ Elder. 

About 1810 a house was built at the Seven Star Tavern, in which school was taught by Archibald Steward and Peter Dawson (who was blind in one eye and very much of a humorist), William McComb and his wife, Frank Luke, Samuel Dimm and Andrew Stroup.

In 1814 a school-house was built near Cargill's mill (now Dimm's), not far from the present one. 

In 1828 a house was erected near where James Cox now lives, which was used until the school system was accepted, in 1836.  The township at present has four schools,— Dimm's, Wilt, Dressler, and Ferguson,— which contain one hundred and forty-eight pupils.

10.  Email from Ron Stroup.

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