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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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Mary __?__
Husband:  Austin B. CHAPMAN
Birth:  1805/6, CT
Death:  11 Sep 1877
Disposition:  buried Wright Cemetery, Town of Center, Cedar Co., IA
Occupation:  farmer
Marriage:  1824/5
Wife:  Mary __?__
Birth:  1809/10 or earlier, NY
Death:  10 Jun 1881
Disposition:  buried Wright Cemetery, Town of Center, Cedar Co., IA
Occupation:  homemaker

Either Mary was born a few years earlier or Austin had a prior wife because Austin appears to have fathered a son by 1825.  On the other hand, Mary is probably too old to be the mother of Anderson.

Children born in NY:
  1.  (Son A) CHAPMAN, b. 1820-25
  2.  (Daughter A) CHAPMAN, b. 1825-30
  3.  William Henry CHAPMAN, b. 1830
  4.  Jane CHAPMAN, b. 1834/5
  5.  Thomas CHAPMAN, b. 1836/7
  6.  Ebin / Eben CHAPMAN, b. 1842/3
  7.  Franklin CHAPMAN, b. 1844/5
  8.  Edward CHAPMAN, b. 1851/2; m. Sarah __?__
  9.  Minnie CHAPMAN, b. 1853/4

May be a grandson:
10.  Anderson CHAPMAN, b. 1860/1

Sources (n.b., Broome and Tioga Cos. are adjacent):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5 of 12; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 NY Broome Co. Conklin Roll M19-85 p. 68 Ln. 17 Austin B Chapman 110 010 - 100 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = William (b. 1830)
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = Son A
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Austin (b. 1805/6) 
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Daughter A
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Mary

3.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find, and I did page-by-page checks of Conklin, Vestal, and Candor.

4.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #71 of 82):  Town of Candor, Tioga Co., NY, p. 158A, 2360/2395, enumerated 5 Oct 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Austin B Chatman 44 M   Farmer 2000 New Y
Mary 40 F       "
Henry 21 M       "
[next page]
Jane Chatman 15 F       New Y
Thomas 13 M       "
Ebin  7 M       "
Franklin  5 M       "

5.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #25 of 57):  Vestal P.O., Town of Vestal, Broome Co., NY, Roll 724 (Book 1), p. 605, PN 25, 194/184, enumerated 25 Dec 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Austin Chapman 65 M   Farmer   300 Conn
Mary      " 40 F         New York
Eben      " 17 M         "
Franklin  " 16 M         "
Edward    "  9 M         "
Minnie    "  6 F         "
Lucy Dorman 16 F   Domestic     "

6.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #36 of 42):  Tipton P.O., Centre [Center] Twp., Cedar Co., IA, Roll 380 (Book 1), p. 154B, PN 36, 248/257, enumerated 27 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Chapman Austen 63 M W Farmer   625 Connecticut
_______ Mary 55 F W Keeping house     N York St
_______ Edward 18 M W Laborer     N York St
_______ Minny 16 F W       N York St
_______ Anderson  9 M W       N York St
On the one hand, Mary appears to be fibbing about her age.  On the other hand, she is just barely young enough to be Anderson's mother.  Is Anderson their grandson?  Did Austin have more than one wife?  Did he marry two Mary's?

7.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #14 of 19):  Massillon Twp., Cedar Co., IA, Roll T9-0331, p. 48D, PN 16, SD 1, ED 345, enumerated 15 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 11 13 24 25 26
136 140 Chapman Edward W M 28   /   Farmer NY CT NY
    Chapman Sarah W F 27 Wife /   Keeping House PA PA PA
    Chapman Mary W F 67 Mother   / Keeping house NY VT VT

8.  Anon.  n.d.  Graves Registration Project: Iowa Cemetery Records.  Works Progress Administration, Washington, DC (online at Ancestry.com):
Pg Name Death Date Age Cemetery Town Comment
59 Austin B. Chapman 11 Sep 1877 68 yrs Wright Center blk 4, lot 1
60 Mary Chapman 10 Jun 1881 68 yrs Wright Center blk 4, lot 1; Wife of A.B.
Both Austin's and Mary's ages appear too young.  Are they?

9.  Messages posted to the Chapman Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

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