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John CALDWELL
Mary Jane R. DAVIS
Husband:  John CALDWELL
Birth:  21 Jan 1807, near Nicholasville, Jessamine Co., KY
Death:  1 Aug 1863, Sangamon Co., KY
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  William CALDWELL
Mother:  Nancy ROBARDS
Marriage:  23 Jan 1834, Greene Co., IL
Wife:  Mary Jane R. DAVIS
Birth:  15 Jan 1815, Mercer [now Boyle] Co., KY
Death:  aft. 1880
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Robert Harris DAVIS
Mother:  Mary Lewis "Polly" ROBARDS
Children born in Greene Co., IL:
1.  William C. CALDWELL, b. 1834/5
2.  Benjamin F. CALDWELL, b. 1847/8
.  Jane CALDWELL
.  Elizabeth "Betsy" CALDWELL
.  Henry C. CALDWELL
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States,  Illinois, Kentucky

Sources (n.b., Boyle Co. was formed in 1842 from Mercer and Lincoln Cos.):

1a.  Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 17631900:
Caldwell, John Davis, Jane R 01/23/1834 Vol. 1, p. 24 Lic#694 Greene Co.

1b.  Jordan Dodd.  1997.  Illinois Marriages to 1850.  Provo, UT (online at Ancestry.com):
Caldwell, John Davis, Mary Jane R. 23 Jan 1834 Greene Co.

2.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
John CALDWELL
Death: 01 Aug 1863
Father: William CALDWELL; Mother: Nancy ROBERTS
Marriage: 23 Jan 1834, Sangamon, Illinois
Spouse: Mary J. DAVIS
Birth: 16 Jan 1815
Source: patron submission

3.  1840

4.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #107 of 191):  Between Macoupin & Apple Creeks, Greene Co., IL, Roll M432_108, p. 54A, 716/718, enumerated 19 Oct 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
John Caldwell 43 M   Farmer 10,000 Ky
Mary Jane  " 35 F       "
William C  " 15 M   Student   Illinois
Benjamin F "  2 M       "
Elizabeth Davis 18 F       "
Joshua Hightower 30 M M     Ky

5.  1860

6.  1870

7.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 23):  Curran Twp., Sangamon Co., IL, Roll T9_249, p. 303C, PN 15, SD 6, ED 206, enumerated 10/11 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 22 23 24 25 26
140 140 Caldwell Frank W M 31     /   Farmer     IL KY KY
    ________ Julia W F 24 Wife   /   Keeping house     " " IL
    ________ Mary W F  6 Dau /     At house     " IL "
    ________ John W M  2 Son /     " "     " " "
    ________ Mary J W F 64 Mother     W " "     KY KY VA
    Lynn Bell W F 24 Servant /     Servant     " " VA
    Caldwell Jos B M 55 " /     " / / " " KY
    Beau Elige W M 34 "   /   "     OH MD MD

8.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

9.  Anon.  1891.  Portrait & Biographical Album of Sangamon County, Illinois.  Chapman Bros., Chicago (online at the Sangamon County ILGenWeb site at RootsWeb.com):
BEN F. CALDWELL...

John Caldwell, the second son of the Honorable William Caldwell and father of our subject, was born near Nicholasville, Jessamine County, Ky., January 21, 1807.  About 1827 he removed to Carrollton, Greene County, Ill., and there on January 23, 1834, he was married to Mary Jane R. Davis.  That lady was born in Boyle County, Ky., January 15, 1815.  Her grandfather, Cyrus Davis, was born in Wales in 1726, and married Sally Harris.  They emigrated to Boyle County, Ky., where both died, the husband February 21, 1811, and the wife some time previously. Their son, Robert Harris Davis, was born in Virginia about 1775 and on December 27, 1797, married Mary Lewis Robards, who was born in Goochland County, Va., about 1778.  Mr. Davis died in Boyle County, Ky., September 16, 1818, and his widow passed away in the same county September 6, 1829.  When their daughter, afterwards Mrs. Caldwell, was a young lady she went on horseback from Danville, Ky., to Tallahassee, Fla., returning by the same route and continuing on to Carrollton, Ill., a trip of 2,000 miles. 

John Caldwell with his family came to this county in April, 1853, and located on a farm that had been purchased by his father some years before.  It is nine miles southwest from Springfield and one and a half miles north of the village of Chatham, on section 36, in the town of Curran.  The new occupant made further improvements and died there after a painful illness, August 1, 1863.  The widow with her son, our subject, who was fifteen years old the day his father was buried, still reside on the farm.  The children of John and Mary J. R. Caldwell were five in number and were named William C., Jane, Betsey, Henry C., and Ben F.  The first-born is proprietor of the Loami Mills and also a farmer, his residence being in the village of Loami.  All the others except our subject are deceased. 

Ben F. Caldwell was born in Greene County, this State, August 2, 1848, and came with his parents to this county in 1853.  He received a thoroughly practical education in the common schools and in the graded schools of Chatham, but was deprived of a higher education, as on the death of his father he was obliged to render assistance to his mother in the management of his father's estate.  On reaching maturity, Mr. Caldwell became an active business man and by careful and judicious management of the two hundred acres left by his father added to the farm until he now owns one thousand acres, all adjoining and situated in the town, of Curran and Woodside.  The estate is highly improved and is one of the finest among the many fine farms in the State.  Near the original home, in 1876, Mr. Caldwell and his mother erected an elegant dwelling house.  It is conceded to be one of the best farm houses in the State, and few residences even in the larger cities, are so well or conveniently constructed or so elegantly furnished.  It is supplied with every modern convenience, lighted by gas, heated by steam, and supplied with water.  Here with his family, Mr. Caldwell enjoys life, royally entertaining his friends when they call...

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