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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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James BURROUGHS
Elizabeth W. ROBERTSON
PLEASE NOTE:  Our subject is alleged to have fathered children by his slaves (see below).  I have no idea whether or not this allegation is true.
Husband:  James BURROUGHS / BURROWS
Birth:  30 Oct 1794, VA
Death:  24 Jul 1861, Franklin Co., VA
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  Joseph BURROUGHS (1763-1833)
Mother:  Mary PIERCE (1763-1844)
Marriage:  8 Aug 1818, Bedford Co., VA
Wife:  Elizabeth W. "Betsy" ROBERTSON
Birth:  1800/1 or 15 May 1802, Buckingham Co., VA
Death:  21 Dec 1895, Franklin Co., VA
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Nicholas ROBINSON (1776-1848)
Mother:  Sarah "Sally" WALTHALL (1781-1814)
Children with Elizabeth ROBERTSON:
born in Bedford Co., VA:
  1.  Mary Hill BURROUGHS, b. 9 Sep 1819; d. 14 Jul 1853; m. 26 Oct 1839, Bedford Co., VA, John Merriman AYERS (1815-1896)
  2.  Joseph Nicholas BURROUGHS, b. 21 Apr 1821; d. 1899; m. 11 Feb 1847, Sarah Anthony MORGAN (1826-1916)
  3.  Sarah "Sally" BURROUGHS, b. ca. 1825; m. 12 Nov 1839, Bedford Co., VA, Thomas JOHNSON (c1820-)
  4.  James Benjamin BURROUGHS, b. ca. 1830; m. Sarah RUCKER (c1832-)
  5.  Martha Frances BURROUGHS, b. 1829/30; m. 1870, Charles R. NOELL (c1824-)
  6.  Thomas Robertson BURROUGHS, b. ca. 1831; d. ca. 1902; m. 25 Sep 1857, Bedford Co., VA, Julia BOND (1836-1896)
  7.  Lucinda Katherine BURROUGHS, b. Jul 1832; d. 1912; m. Ferdinand PRICE (1816-1886)
  8.  Ann Elizabeth BURROUGHS, b. 1833/4
  9.  James William "Billie" BURROUGHS, b. 2 Jul 1835; d. 7 Mar 1863, Culpeper Co., VA (Civil War)
10.  Christopher Frank BURROUGHS, b. 1837/8; d. 1865, Civil War POW camp, Beaufort Co., SC; m. Fannie CUNDIFF (c1840- )
11.  Eliza Jane BURROUGHS, b. 1839/40; m. 1 May 1877, Bedford Co., VA, David O. WITT (c1837-)

born in either Bedford Co., VA, or Franklin Co., VA:
12.  Laura Angeline BURROUGHS, b. 1842; m. 1873, Stephen R. HOLLAND (c1840- )
13.  Susan A. BURROUGHS, b. 1841/2; m. Henry J. HARDY (b. 1841, Washington, DC)
14.  Edwin Newton BURROUGHS, b. 27 Jul 1844; d. 28 Sep 1922; m. 4 Feb 1869, Mary Adeline Virginia PETERS (1844-1922)
15.  Ellen D. [America] BURROUGHS, b. 1846/7 or 8 Aug 1848; d. 16 Mar 1891; m. 6 Sep 1871, Bedford Co., VA, William Judson GOGGIN (1849-1936)

The daughter I'm calling, "Susan," secondary sources are calling, "Laura."  Other sources have sons, Frank and William, but not Christopher.

Alleged Children with Slaves born in Bedford Co., VA:
16.  Jane BURROUGHS, b. 1820
17.  Monroe BURROUGHS, b. 1823
18.  Sophie BURROUGHS 
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, South Carolina, Virginia

Sources (n.b., Franklin Co. was formed in 1785 from Bedford and Henry Cos.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 52; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 VA Bedford Co. Southern Dist. Roll M33_133 p. 62/374 Ln. 11 James Burress 000100-10100-0-200 1010-0000
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 19-25* 1794-1801 = James (b. 1794)
1 white female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Mary (b. 1819)
1 white female 16-25 1794-1804 = Elizabeth (b. 1801/2)
2 people engaged in agriculture
1 male slave 13 and under 1806-1820 = ?
1 male slave 26-44 1775-1794 = ?
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class, 19-25.

3.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #55 of 148; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 VA Bedford Co. Roll 194 p. 151 Ln. 1 James Burruss 210 001 - 210 010 110000-100100 010000-00000
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 white males 4 or under 1825-1830 = James (b. ca. 1830)
= ?
1 white male 5-9 1820-1825 = Joseph (b. 1821)
1 white male 30-39 1790-1800 = James (b. 1794) 
2 white females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Martha (b. 1829/30)
=
1 white female 5-9 1820-1825 = Mary (b. 1819) 
1 white female 20-29 1800-1810 = Elizabeth (b. 1801/2)
 
1 male slave 9 or under 1820-1830 = ?
1 male slave 10-23 1806-1820 = ?
1 female slave 9 or under 1820-1830 = Jane? (b. 1820)
1 female slave 36-54 1775-1794 = ?
 
1 male free colored 10-23 1806-1820 = ?

4.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #69-70 of 72; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 VA Bedford Co. Roll 550 pp. 270B-271A Ln. 28 James Burrows 201 100 100 - 112 001 110000-120000 0400000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 white males 4 or under 1835-1840 = Christopher (b. 1837/8)
1 white male 10-14 1825-1830 = James (b. ca. 1830)
1 white male 15-19 1820-1825 = Joseph (b. 1821)
1 white male 40-49 1790-1800 = James (b. 1794) 
1 white female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Eliza (b. 1839/40)
1 white female 5-9 1830-1835 = Ann (b. 1833/4)
2 white females 10-14 1825-1830 = Martha (b. 1829/30)
= ?
1 white female 30-39 1800-1810 = Elizabeth (b. 1801/2) 
 
1 male slave 9 or under 1830-1840 = ?
1 male slave 10-23 1816-1830 = ?
1 female slave 9 or under 1830-1840 = ?
2 female slaves 10-23 1816-1830 = ?
= Jane? (b. 1820)
4 persons employed in agriculture

5a.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find, and I really looked, including page-by-page for ten pages either side of Josiah FERGUSON.

5b.  1850 Slave Schedule Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find.

6a.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #69 of 159):  Halesford [Hale's Ford] P.O., N.E. Division, Franklin Co., VA, Roll M653_1346, p. 259, PN 69, 495/477, enumerated 25 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Jas Burroughs 65 M   Farmer 3105 8200 Va
Elizabeth W " 59 F         "
Martha F    " 30 F         "
Ann E       " 26 F         "
Christopher " 22 M   Farmer     "
Eliza J     " 20 F         "
Susan A     " 18 F         "
Newton E    " 15 F         "
Ellen D     " 13 F         "

6b.  1860 Slave Schedule Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #21 of 38):  N.E. Division, Franklin Co., VA, p. 115A, PN 21, enumerated 24 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Name of
Slave Owner
Number
of
Slaves
Description Fugitive
from the
State
Number
manumitted
Deaf & dumb,
blind, insane,
or idiotic.
Number
of Slave
Houses
Deduced
Name of
Slave
Age Sex Colour
Jas Burroughs 1 41 F B        
  1 40 F B         Jane
  1 22 M B          
  1 12 F B          
  1 8 M M         John Henry
  1 4 M M         Booker T.
  1 1 F B       2 Amanda
"Deduced Name of Slave" added by DGM.

7.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 62):  Rocky Mount P.O., Gills Creek Twp., Franklin Co., VA, Roll M593_, p. 337A, PN 5, 33/33, enumerated 28 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Ferguson John C 47 M W Farmer 2000 3500 Virginia
   "     Ann 38 F W Keeps House     "
   "     Willie 16 M W At Home     "
   "     Ida 14 F W       "
   "     Sallie 12 F W       "
   "     John 10 M W       "
   "     Cary?  8 M W       "
   "     Duprey?  6 M W       "
Burroughs Elizabeth 67 F W Without Occupation     "
   "     Eliza 26 F W Without Occupation     "
Newton and Christopher not found, anywhere.  If any of the other girls are alive, they're apparently married.

8.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find Elizabeth.

9.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

10.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Vol. 2, Pedigree #2348.

11.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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