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Frank Lee BRADFORD
Calliope COPPINGER
Martha Jane WHITE
Husband:  Frank Lee BRADFORD
Birth:  2 May 1869, McMinn Co., TN
Death:  14 Nov 1955, Calhoun, McMinn Co., TN
Disposition:  buried Calhoun Community Cemetery, Calhoun, McMinn Co., TN
Father:  Patton Anderson BRADFORD (1811-1884)
Mother:  Amanda Crawford HAWK (1830-1917); m. 25 Apr 1861, McMinn Co., TN
Marriage-1:  by 1888
Wife-1:  Calliope "Nep" COPPINGER
Birth:  ca. 1865, Monroe Co., TN
Death presumably:  1896-1900, TN
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Joseph COPPINGER (1823-1907)
Mother:  Sarah LITTREL (1824- )
[See Death Certificate of son, Chester BRADFORD, for his mother's identity.]
Marriage-2:  16 Jan 1902, McMinn Co., TN
Wife-2:  Martha Jane WHITE
Birth:  Dec 1878, TN
Death:  4 Sep 1947, Athens, McMinn Co., TN
Disposition:  buried 6 Sep 1947, Calhoun Community Cemetery, Calhoun, McMinn Co., TN
Occupation:  homemaker
Siblings:  William "Willie" WHITE, b. Aug 1885, TN; Frances "Fannie" WHITE, b. Aug 1890, TN
Children with Calliope COPPINGER born in McMinn Co., TN:
1.  Chester A. BRADFORD, b. 15 Nov 1888
Children with Martha Jane WHITE born in McMinn Co., TN:
2.  James Arthur BRADFORD, b. 5 Feb 1896; d. Apr 1978, Bradley Co., TN
3.  Theodore T. "Teddy" BRADFORD, b. 1906/7
4.  Georgia I. "Georgie" BRADFORD, b. 1909
5.  Edna M. "Ed" BRADFORD, b. 5 Mar 1912; d. 6 Mar 2002; m. Joseph H. TAYLOR (1883-1964)
6.  Martha J. "Patsy / Pat" BRADFORD, b. 1913/4
7.  Lucille BRADFORD, b. 1920

James Arthur was born out of wedlock, before Frank & Martha married.  Based on James's delayed birth record, it does appear Frank is James Arthur's father, who "manned up" and married the boy's mother.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Tennessee

Sources:

1a.  Byron Sistler & Barbara Sistler.  1987.  Early East Tennessee Marriages, Vol. 1, Grooms.  Byron Sistler & Assoc., Inc., Nashville, TN.
p. 34 Bradford, Patton A. to Amanda C. (Miss) Stawk_(sic)_4-25-1861 * [Mc]
Intro ...the * means that the source material included additional information of sufficient importance that we urge the researcher to obtain a copy of the source book or microfilm if possible.
[Mc] = McMinn County

1b.  Tennessee Marriages, 1796-1950 (online at FamilySearch.org):
F.L. Bradford M.J. White 16 Jan 1902 McMinn Co.

2.  Tennessee, Delayed Birth Records, 1869-1909 (online at Ancestry.com):

3.  1870 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Frank BRADFORD (æ 1, b. TN) is living in McMinn Co., TN (p. 182B), with his parents, P.A. BRADFORD (æ 59, b. TN) & Amanda (æ 39, b. TN), plus siblings.  Nep CAPPINGER (æ 5, b. TN) is living in Monroe Co., TN (p. 127A), with her parents, Joe CAPPINGER (æ 44, b. TN indexed "Cappinca") & Sarah (æ 45, b. TN), plus siblings.

4.  1880 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Frank Lee BRADFORD (æ 11, b. TN) is living in McMinn Co., TN (p. 428D), with his parents, Patten BRADFORD (æ 68, b. TN) & Amanda (æ 50, b. TN), plus siblings.  Canelepy COVINGER (æ 14, b. TN) is living in Monroe Co., TN (pp. 121D-122A), with her parents, Joseph COVINGER (æ 60, b. TN) & Sarah (æ 56, b. TN), plus siblings.

5.  1890 U.S. Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

6a.  1900 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #8 of 11):  Eastern Hospital for Insane, Dist. 12, Knox Co., TN, Roll 1583, p. 37B, Line 78, SN 4, SD 2, ED 163, enumerated 4 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 13 14 15 19 22 23 24
1 1 Bradford Frank Lee Patient W M 31 S Tenn Unknown Unknown Farmer Y Y Y
One of hundreds of patients in the hospital.  Residence in such an asylum did not necessarily mean someone was mentally ill.  For example, alcoholism would be a reason for commitment.  Astonishingly, "promiscuity" could also be a reason for commitment.  Perhaps the fact that Frank had fathered a child out of wedlock may have had something to do with his being here.  Had Martha filed a bastardy claim?  County court records for the period may provide some answers.

6b.  1900 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Calliope not found.

6c.  1900 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 20):  Sixteenth Civil Dist., McMinn Co., TN, Roll 1585, p. 291B, SN 1B, SD 3, ED 88, enumerated 2 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 27 28
16 16 Bradford Amanda Head W F Jan 1831 69 Wd 7 4 TN TN TN Farmer 0   Y Y Y O F 15
    ________ Chester GSon W M Nov 1888 11 S     TN TN TN     6 Y Y Y      

6d.  1900 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 20):  16th Civil Dist., McMinn Co., TN, Roll 1585, p. 294A, SN 4, SD 3, ED 88, enumerated 8 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 13 14 15 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 27
55 55 White Willie Head W M Aug 1885 14 S TN TN TN Farm laborer 0 0 N N Y R H
    _____ Martha Sister W F Dec 1878 21 S TN TN TN       Y Y Y    
    _____ Fannie Sister W F Aug 1890  9 S TN TN TN     0 N        
    _____ James A Nephew W M Sep 1896  3 S TN TN TN                
James A. WHITE is the illegitimate child of Martha WHITE.  He was, nonetheless, son of our subject (see delayed birth record above).

7.  1910 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #18 of 29):  Civil Dist. No. 6, McMinn Co., TN, Roll T624_1510, p. 216B, SN 9B, SD 3, ED 119, enumerated 3 Apr 1910, official enumeration date 15 Apr 1910 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1910:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
163 163 Bradford Amanda Head F W 79 Wd       TN TN TN Eng Farmer General Farm Emp           O F F 147
    ________ Frank Son M W 41 M1 8     TN TN TN Eng Farm Laborer Home Farm W N 0 Y Y          
    ________ Martha Daughterinlaw F W 32 M1 8 5 3 TN TN TN Eng None         Y Y          
    ________ Chester Grandson M W 20 S       TN TN TN Eng Farm Laborer Home Farm W N 0 Y Y Y        
    ________ Arthur Soninlaw M W 12 S       TN TN TN Eng None         Y Y Y        
    ________ Teddy Soninlaw M W  3 S       TN TN TN   None                      
    ________ Georgie DaughterinlaW F W 5/12 S       TN TN TN   None                      
Obviously, the enumerator was confused about relationships here.  Chester is the son of Frank's first wife, Calliope COPPINGER, so he is, indeed, Amanda's grandson.  Arthur, Teddy, and Georgie are Frank's children with Martha, so they should also be listed as grandchildren.

8.  1920 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 29):  "Road from Sam Sheltons to Calhoun," 6th Dist., McMinn Co., TN, Roll T625_1753, p. 250B, SN 1B, SD 3, ED 65, enumerated 3+5 Jan 1920, official enumeration date 1 Jan 1920 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1920:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 16 17 18 19 21 23 25 26 27 28 29
* fm 10 10 Bradford Frank L Head O M M W 50 M   Y Y TN TN TN Y farmer general farm OA 9
      ________ Martha Wife     F W 40 M Y Y Y TN TN TN Y none      
      ________ Teddy T Son     M W 12 S Y Y Y TN TN TN Y none      
      ________ Georgia I Dau     F W 10 S Y Y Y TN TN TN Y none      
      ________ Edna M Dau     F W  8 S Y     TN TN TN   none      
      ________ Patsy J Dau     F W  6 S N     TN TN TN   none      
*Road from Sam Sheltons to Calhoun
Listed between married sons, Arthur J. BRADFORD and Chester A. BRADFORD.

9.  1930 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #16 of 20):  Gravel Road, 6th Dist., McMinn Co., TN, Roll 2262, p. 299B, SH 8B, ED 54-19, SD 13, enumerated 17 Apr 1930, official enumeration date 1 Apr 1930 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1930:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 25 26 27 28 30 32
* 162 163 Bradford Frank Head O 5000 Y M W 60 M 23 N Y TN TN TN Y Farmer General Farm O Y N 90
    ________ Martha Wife       F W 52 M 15 N Y TN TN TN Y None          
    ________ Ed Daughter       F W 17 S   N Y TN TN TN Y None          
    ________ Pat Daughter       F W 15 S   Y Y TN TN TN Y None          
    ________ Lucille Daughter       F W 10 S   Y Y TN TN TN Y None          
*Gravel Road
Listed next to married son, Ted BRADFORD, who is next to married son, Arthur BRADFORD. 

10.  1940 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1 of 26):  Calhoun Road, Civil Dist. No. 6, McMinn Co., TN, Roll T627_3915, p. 398A, SN 1A, SD 2, ED 54-25, enumerated 6 May 1940, official enumeration date 1 Apr 1940 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1940:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean.
LOC HOUSEHOLD NAME RELATION   PERSONAL EDUCATION   BIRTHPLACE   CIT RESIDENCE in 1935   EMPLOYMENT STATUS FS
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25   26 27 28 29 30   31 32 33 34
*   10 O 400 Y Bradford F L Head M W 71 M N 8 Tennessee   same house     Y Y - - - - 20 - Farmer Farm OA 52 0 ? 3
          ________ Martha Wife F W 59 M N 7 Tennessee   same house     Y N N N N H            0 0 N  
          ________ Patsey Daughter F W 24 S N H-2 Tennessee   same house     Y N N N N H            0 0 N  
*Calhoun Road
11.  Tennessee, Death Records, 1908-1958 (online at Ancestry.com):  Martha's death certificate shows her parents as "Unknown."

12.  Find-a-Grave: Entries (online at findagrave.com):
Name Frank Lee Bradford Martha Jane Bradford
Birth 2 May 1869
Tennessee
1882
Death 14 Nov 1955
Calhoun, McMinn Co., TN
1947
Burial Calhoun Community Cemetery
Calhoun, McMinn County, TN
Inscription FRANK LEE
BRADFORD
1869 1955
MARTHA JANE
BRADFORD
1882 1947
Memorial # 8898811 8898843
Martha had shaved four years off her age.

13.  Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

14.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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