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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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Ms. __?__
Anna Maria SHAFFER
Catharine __?__
WARNING:  I have no proof that John married three times, but the age difference between him and Anna Maria and the age of daughter Barbara suggest he did.
Husband:  John TRAUB / TROUB / TROUP
Birth:  12 Jan 1778, Mohantango Twp., Northumberland Co., PA [now Chapman Twp., Snyder Co., PA]
Death:  6 Sep 1848
Disposition:  buried Grubb's Church Cemetery, Chapman Twp., Snyder Co., PA
Military Service:  Mexican War
Father:  John Peter TRAUB / TROUP
Mother:  Anna Maria HOFFMAN
Wife-1:  Ms. __?__
Wife-2:  Anna Maria SHAFFER
Birth:  21 May 1790
Death:  bef. Sep 1821
Father:  Michael SHAFFER
Mother:  Salome REICHENBACH
Wife-3:  Catharine __?__
Birth:  2 Feb 1794
Death:  2 Apr 1869
Disposition:  buried Grubb's Church Cemetery, Chapman Twp., Snyder Co., PA
Child with Wife-1:
1.  Barbara TROUP, b. 1800-1804; m. John H. HERROLD
Child with Anna Maria SHAFFER born in Mohantango Twp., Northumberland Co., PA [now Perry Twp., Snyder Co., PA]:
2.  John G. TROUP, b. 31 Mar 1810
Children with Catharine:
3.  David TRAUP, b. 1816/17 or 17 Feb 1821; m. Anna RUMFELT
4.  Maria / Mary "Polly" TROUP, b. 3 Jun 1819
5.  George Peter TROUP, b. 13 Jul 1821; d. 18 Mar 1845; unmarried
6.  Elizabeth TROUP, b. 28 Dec 1823; m. Jacob KELLER
7.  Frederick TRAUB, b. 26 Dec 1826
8.  Anna / Ann "Annie" TROUP, b. 8 Aug 1828
9.  Lydia TROUP, b. 16 Dec 1830; d. 9 Jun 1850; unmarried
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources (n.b., Union Co. was formed in 1813 from Northumberland Co.; Snyder Co. was formed in 1855 from Union Co.; Perry Twp. was formed in 1816 from Mohentango Twp.; Washington Twp. was formed in 1818 from Mohantango Twp.; Chapman Twp. was formed in 1820 from Washington Twp.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5 of 6 listed was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1810 PA Northumberland [now Snyder] Co. Mohantango [now Perry] Twp. p. 298 Ln. 19 John Troup 10010-10010-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1800-1810 = John G. (b. 1810)
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = John (b. 1778)
1 female 9 or under 1800-1810 = Barbara (b. 1800-04)
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Anna (b. 1790)
Also in Mohantango Township:  John's brother, Peter TROUP.

3.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #12 of 13 list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 PA Union [now Snyder] Co. Perry Twp. Roll M33_113 p. 123 Ln. 3 Troub John 110101-10110-0-100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1810-1820 = David (b. 1816/7)
1 male 10-15 1804-1810 = John G. (b. 1810)
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = ?
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = John (b. 1778)
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Mary (b. 1819)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Barbara (b. 1800-04) 
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Anna (b. 1790)
1 person engaged in agriculture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25, which means any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  So, for an accurate representation of the household, the number in column three should be subtracted from the number in column four. If, after the subtraction, any individuals remain in column four, then they have to be age 19-25, thus creating a "new," more precise age class.
Also in Perry Township:  John's brother, Peter TROUB.

4.  1830

5.  1840

6.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find, and I really looked, including page-by-page checks of Chapman and Perry Twps., Union [now Snyder] Co., PA.

7.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #28 of 45):  McKees Half Falls P.O., Chapman Twp., Snyder Co., PA, Roll M653_1182, p. 394, PN 102, 721/755, enumerated 28 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Daniel Marks 30 M   Farmer 150 100 Pennsylvania
Mary     " 41 F         "
Maryann  " 10 F         "
David    "  7 M         "
William  "  1 M         "
Catharine Traup 66 F         "
Listed three households from David TRAUP (æ 43, b. PA, wife Ann).

8.  George W. Wagenseller.  1904.  Tombstone Inscriptions of Snyder County, Penna.  Wagenseller Publ., Middleburgh, PA (facsimile hard copies available from HigginsonBooks.com; online at the Snyder County PAGenWeb site):
p. 101
Troup, John, soldier of Mex. War, b Jan 12, 1778; d Sep 6, 1848 aged 70 y 7 m 24 d.
Troup, Catharine, w of John, b Feb 2, 1794; d Apr 2, 1869, aged 75 y 2 m.
Troup, George I. s of John, b July 13, 1821; d Mar 18, 1845, aged 23 y 7 m 13 d.
Troup, Lydia, d of John, b Dec 16, 1830; d June 9, 1850, aged 19 y 5 m 23 d.
Mexican War?  He went to war at the age of 70?

9.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

10.  Messages posted to the Troup Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

11.  Email from Bill Rudy, who is a treasure-trove of information on this family!

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