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Peter STROUP
Sarah __?__
Husband:  Peter STROUP
Birth:  5 Mar 1792, Patton Twp., Mifflin [now Centre] Co., PA
Death:  8 May 1850, Rockland Twp., Venango Co., PA 
Disposition:  buried Rockland Cemetery, Rockland Twp., Venango Co., PA
Father:  Adam STROUP
Mother:  Eva __?__
Marriage:
Wife:  Sarah __?__
Birth:  1795/6, PA
Occupation:  homemaker
Children:
born in PA:
1.  (Son A) STROUP, b. 1810-20
2.  Henry R. STROUP, b. 1817/8 

born in Venango Co., PA:
3.  (Daughter A) STROUP, b. 1820-25
4.  John STROUP, b. 1820/1
5.  Daniel S. STROUP, b. 1824/5
6.  (Son B) STROUP, b. 1825-30
7.  Lydia F. STROUP, b. 1830-35 
8.  Elizabeth STROUP, b. 1822/3 
9.  Casper J. STROUP, b. 1835/6

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #4 of 4; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 PA Venango Co. Richland Twp. Roll M33_114 p. 14A Ln. 14 Peter Stroup 200010-00100-0-___
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Henry (b. 1817/8)
= Son A
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = Peter (b. 1792)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Sarah (b. 1795/6)

3.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #9 of 10; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 PA Venango Co. Rockland Twp. Roll M19_164 p. 62 Ln. 7 Stroup Peter 211 001 - 010 001
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = Son B
= Daniel (b. 1824/5)
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = John (b. 1820/1)
1 male 10-14 1815-1820 = Henry (b. 1817/8)
1 male 30-39 1790-1800 = Peter (b. 1792)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Daughter A
1 female 30-39 1790-1800 = Sarah (b. 1795/6)

4.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3-4 of 14; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 PA Venango Co. Rockland Twp. Roll M704_497 pp. 108B-109A Ln. 3 Peter Stroup 101 210 010 - 020 100 100 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Casper (b. 1835/6)
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Son C
2 males 15-19 1820-1825 = Daniel (b. 1824/5)
= John (b. 1820/1)
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Henry (b. 1817/8)
1 male 50-59 1780-1790 = Peter (b. 1792)
2 females 5-9 1830-1835 = Elizabeth (b. 1822/3)
= Daughter B
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Daughter A
1 female 40-49 1790-1800 = Sarah (b. 1795/6) 
1 person employed in agriculture

5.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #13 of 36):  Venango Twp., Butler Co., PA, Roll 432_760, p. 348B, 669/675, enumerated 4 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Sarah Stroup 54 F       Pa
Elizabeth " 17 F       Pa
Margaret  " 26 F       Pa
Sarah J   "  6 F       Pa
Mary E    "  5 F       Pa
Peter P   "  4 M       Pa
Robert L  "  2 M       Pa
Andrew    "  1 M       Pa
William Logue 20 M   Collier   Pa
The big question here is whether Margaret (LOGUE) STROUP is a widow or is just not living with her husband because, if she's a widow, then Sarah's son, Henry R. STROUP, was Margaret's second husband.  The fact that Peter & Sarah had an older son (older than Henry) who does not appear in the 1850 census, suggests that Margaret may, indeed, be the elder son's widow.  It is not at all unusual for a bachelor son to step in and marry his brother's widow.  If only Butler County had marriage records!  William LOGUE is presumably Margaret's brother. 

5b.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #11 of 36):  Venango Twp., Butler Co., PA, p. 347B, 654/660, enumerated 4 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Henry Stroup 32 M   Collier   Pa
John     " 29 M   Do   Pa
Casper J " 14 M       Pa

6.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #423 of 649):  Lineville P.O., Pinegrove Twp, Venango Co., PA, Roll M653_1189, p. 421, PN 144, 950/950, enumerated 12 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
C H Reed 35 M   Shoemaker 120 100 Germany
Elizabeth " 28 F         Pa
Mary J    " 21 F         "
Sarah Stroup 60 F   widow     "
George Mealy 73 M   widower     "
Reed should be HOLDENREED.

7.  Rockland Township Cemeteries (online at the Venango County PAGenWeb site):
Rockland...
Peter Stroup, 1792 - 8 May 1850
It is clear from the form of these records that these are not verbatim tombstone readings, but compilations based on tombstones and other unknown sources so caveat emptor!

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