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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
 
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Archelaus SIAS, Jr.
Martha Jane TURNER
Husband:  Archelaus SIAS
Birth:  1815/6, VT
Death:  1870-80, presumably in California
Occupation:  merchant
Migration:  1848/9, to the California Gold Rush
Migration:  1850/1, returned to Illinois
Marriage:  7 Jun 1848, McHenry Co., IL
Migration:  1856, to California
Wife:  Martha Jane TURNER
Birth:  1830/1, NY
Occupation:  homemaker
Brother?:  Augustus C. TURNER, b. 1827/8, NY
Father:  Cyrus TURNER, b. 1786/7, RI
Mother:  Catharine __?__, b. 1792/3, NY
Children — born in McHenry Co., IL:
1.  Phoebe Harriet "Hattie" SIAS, b. 1851/2; d. 1952, Yolo Co., CA; m. Albert Henry FISHER
2.  Florence SIAS, b. 1854/5


Sources:

1.  Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 1763–1900:
Sias, Archelaus Jr Turner, Martha Jane (d/o Cyrus) 06/07/1848 Book A, p. 14 Lic#577 McHenry

2a.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at Genealogy.com, Image #1 of 8 — mis-enumerated as being on the "Consumnes" and mis-indexed as being on the "Consumers" River):  Cosumnes River, Sacramento Co., CA, Roll 35 (Book 1), p. 242A, 3/3 (this census-taker restarted the household/family numbers with each new page), enumerated 17 Sep 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Archelaus Sias 34 M Miner, for gold   Vt
Augustus C. Turner 22 m   "       "   NY
[six other miners, none of whom were from VT]
Is this our subject?  And is Augustus a brother of Martha?  Obviously, Martha Jane is not with him, but most of the many married men who came to the gold fields did not bring their families with them.  (There is no "Consumers" or "Consumnes" River in California; it's the "Cosumnes River," which river flows from the foothills of the Sierra Nevada — the undoubted location of the gold camps — westward from El Dorado Co. into Sacramento Co., where it merges into the Sacramento/San Joaquin River Delta.)

2b.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #4 of 22):  Town of Greenwood, McHenry Co., IL, p. 4170B, 23/23, enumerated 4 Nov 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Cyrus Turner 63 M   Farmer 1320 RI
Catharine " 57 F       NY
Catharine Hopkins 11 F       "
Martha Jane is obviously not living with her parents.  I did a page-by-page search of Greenwood and did not find her, but I did find the next record using the indices…

2c.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #6 of 29 — indexed "Syvens"):  Town of McHenry, McHenry Co., IL, Roll 117 (Book 1), p. 492B, 47/47, enumerated 11 Nov 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
A H Nixon 25 M   Merchant 800 Vermont
Artemus " ?0 M   "   Mass
Betesy    " 60 F       N H
Sophia C N " 37 F       "
Mary C Prority? 35 F       Vt
Caroline M Nixon 32 F       "
Jane Syrers 19 F       NY
Olivia B Norton 17 F       Vt
Mary C Peroty? 16 F       "

3.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #5 of 8 — indexed "Lias"):  Antelope P.O., Spring Valley Twp., Colusa Co., CA, Roll 57 (Book 1), p. 433, PN 15, 162/132, enumerated 13 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
A Lias 45 M   Common School Teacher 700 1000 Vermont
Martha J Lias 30 F         New York
Phebe H Lias  8 F         Illinois
Florence Lias  5 M         Do
It really is "Lias."

4.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #5 of 48 — indexed "Architus"):  Woodland P.O., Grafton Twp., Yolo Co., CA, Roll 93 (Book 1), p. 480A, PN 5, 55/54, enumerated 27 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Sias Archilus 54 M W Merchant 1500 2000 Vermont
____ Martha J 39 F W Keeping House     New York
____ Phoeba H 18 F W       Illinois
____ Florence 15 F W       Illinois
Hunstor Robert 28 M W Merchant     New York

5.  Messages posted to the McHenry County, Illinois board (online at Ancestry.com).

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