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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Joseph RHOADS
Susanna STRAUB
Husband:  Joseph RHOADS
Birth:  12 Nov 1785, Amity Twp., Berks Co., PA
Death:  24 Dec 1863, Milton, Northumberland Co, PA
Father:  Matthias ROTH
Mother:  Elizabeth YODER
Marriage:
Wife:  Susanna STRAUB
Birth:  24 Aug 1789, near Columbus, Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA
Death:  1840-50, Milton, Northumberland Co., PA
Father:  Andrew STRAUB II
Mother:  Eva Maria / Mary Eveline WALTER
Children born in Milton Borough, Turbut Twp., Northumberland Co., PA:
I seriously doubt this list of children.  Based on the earlier censuses, they cannot all belong to our subject.

1.  Andrew Straub RHOADS, b. 14 May 1808
2.  (Daughter A) RHOADS, b. 1804-1810
3.  Anna RHOADS, b. 1810/11
4.  Esther RHOADS, b. 1814/15
5.  Mary RHOADS, b. 1817-20
6.  Rachel RHOADS, b. 1822/3 not found in 1830/40
7.  Charles RHOADS, b. 1827/8
8.  Rebecca RHOADS, b. 1834/5 not found in 1840
9.  Elizabeth RHOADS, b. 1834/5

Said to have also had a son, Joseph, b. 1819, but no son that age appears with our subjects in any census.  There is a Joseph RHOADS, æ 41, in the 1860 census of Milton, but how do we connect him to these parents?


Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1810 (Broderbund CD-313):  can't find.

3.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #3 of 6; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 PA Northumberland Co. Borough of Milton p. 35 Ln. 31 Rhoads Joseph 010410-31010-0-050 0000-0010
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 10-15 1804-1810 = Andrew (b. 1808)
4 white males 19-25* 1794-1801 = ? ? ? ?
1 white male 26-44 1775-1794 = Joseph (b. 1785)
3 white females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Mary (b. 1817-20)
= Esther (b. 1814/5)
= Anna (b. 1810/1)
1 white female 10-15 1804-1810 = Daughter A
1 white female 26-44 1775-1794 = Susanna (b. 1789)
5 people engaged in commerce
1 free colored female 26-44 1775-1794 = ?
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."

4.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #11 of 16; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 PA Northumberland Co. Borough of Milton p. 142 Ln. 19 Jos. Rhoads 100 020 100 - 002 110 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Charles (b. 1827/8)
2 males 20-29 1800-1810 = Andrew (b. 1808)
= ?
1 male 40-49 1780-1790 = Joseph (b. 1785) 
2 females 10-14 1815-1820 = Mary (b. 1817-20)
= Esther (b. 1814/5)
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Anna (b. 1810/1)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Daughter A
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Susanna (b. 1789) 
Listed three lines from Harriet MARKLE.

5.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #16 of 18; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 PA Northumberland Co. Milton Borough p. 145B Ln. 2 Joseph Rhoads 001 001 020 - 010 020 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Charles (b. 1827/8)
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Andrew (b. 1808)
2 males 50-59 1780-1790 = Joseph (b. 1785)
= ?
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Elizabeth (b. 1834/5)
2 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Mary (b. 1817-20)
= Esther (b. 1815)
1 female 50-59 1780-1790 = Susanna (b. 1789)
1 person engaged in agriculture

6.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #15 of 41):  Borough of Milton, Northumberland Co., PA, p. 61B/140, 106/108, enumerated 26 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Joseph Rhoads 63 M   machinist 3000 Pa
Mary 30 F       Pa
Rachel 27 F       Pa
Charles Rhoads 22 M   Physician   Pa
Elizabeth 15 F       Pa
Joseph R. Robison 16 M       Pa

7.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #416 of 744):  Milton P.O., Milton Borough, Northumberland Co., PA, p. 415, PN 234, 1698/1688, enumerated 15 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Joseph Rhodes 74 M   Machinist 6000 1000 Pa
Elisabeth " 23 F         "
Rebecca   " 25 F         "
Mary Fulton 42 F         "
Joseph R "  5 M         "
Anna Rhodes 49 F         "
Mary   " 42 F         "
Esther " 45 F         "
I would have pegged Mary FULTON as Joseph's widowed daughter, but Mary seems to show up unmarried.  How did Joseph end up with so many unmarried daughters?

8.  Anon.  1911.  Genealogical & Biographical Annals of Northumberland County.  J.L. Floyd & Co., Chicago. Biographical sketches of Jacob STRAUB and his kin. 

9.  Information found by Frank Stroup at the Pennsylvania Historical Society in two folders of unpublished notes entitled Helen Gearhart Collection.  These notes were entirely undocumented, so caveat emptor; yet, they contain much valuable information, if true, so are worth consulting. See the Archives of the STRAUB-L Mailing List (online at RootsWeb.com) and search on "Gearhart."

10.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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