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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
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Jacob [Friedrich?] MORHARDT
Anna __?__
Husband:  Jacob [Friedrich?] MORHARDT
Birth:  Europe
Death:  said to be 1780, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., PA, but more likely Lancaster Co., PA
Migration:  1752, to Philadelphia on the Duke of Wuerttemberg
Naturalization:  10 Apr 1767, Lancaster Co., PA
Wife:  Anna __?__
.  J. Michel MORHARDT, bap. 12 Mar 1758, New Goshenhoppen Reformed Church, Upper Hanover Twp., Montgomery Co., PA
John MOREHART, b. ca. 1758 

"J. Michel" and "John" are presumed to be the same person, but they may not be.  If Jacob & Anna followed German naming practices, all of their sons would have the same first name (their saint's name), with Johann being far and away the most popular male saint's name (e.g., Johann Pieter, Johann Carl, Johann Heinrich, etc.).  Similarly, all the daughters would have had the same saint's name as their first name (e.g., Anna Maria, Anna Barbara, Anna Catharina, etc.).  Germans (both male and female) went by their middle names.  In every-day life, Joh. Michael would have "gone by" Michael, but English clerks might have recorded him as either John or Michael, which is an example of why working with the records of first-generation Germans in America is so enormously difficult — most of them show up as John!!


Records Pertaining to Jacob's Immigration —

1a.  Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1538-1940 (Broderbund CD-354):
Place: Pennsylvania
Year: 1752
Primary Individual: Morhardt, Jacob
Source Code: 1804
Source Name: EGLE, WILLIAM HENRY, editor.  Names of Foreigners Who Took the Oath of Allegiance to the Province and State of Pennsylvania, 1727-1775, with the Foreign Arrivals, 1786-1808.  (Pennsylvania Archives, ser. 2, vol. 17.)  Harrisburg [PA]: E.K. Meyers, 1890. 787 p. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1967.
Source Annotation: Taken from original manuscripts in the state archives.  Names given throughout pages 1-677.  Foreigners arriving in Pennsylvania named on pages 521-667.  No. 3776, Kelker, supplements this.
Source Page #: 368

1b.  Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1538-1940 (Broderbund CD-354):
Place: Philadelphia
Year: 1752
Primary Individual: Morhardt, Jacob
Source Code: 7820
Source Name: RUPP, ISRAEL DANIEL.  A Collection of Upwards of Thirty Thousand Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French and Other Immigrants in Pennsylvania from 1717 to 1776, with a Statement of the Names of Ships, Whence They Sailed, and the Date of Their Arrival at Philadelphia, Chronologically Arranged, Together with the Necessary Historical and Other Notes, also, an Appendix Containing Lists of More Than One Thousand German and French Names in New York prior to 1712. Leipzig [Germany]: Degener & Co., 1931. 478, 89 p. Reprint of the 2nd revised and enlarge ed., 1876, with index from 3rd ed. by Ernst Wecken, 1931, and added index of ships. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1985. 583 p.
Source Annotation: An index by Marvin V. Koger, Index to the Names of 30,000 Immigrants… Supplementing the Rupp, Ship Load Volume, 1935, 232 p. is inferior to Wecken's index in the third edition (above)… Contrary to some opinions, this work by Rupp does not duplicate nos. 9041-9042 by Strassburger, although there are thousands of names which are duplicates.  Strassburger's work, however, is more accurate and more reliable than Rupp's.  See also no. 9330, Urlsperger…
Source Page #: 289

1c.  Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1538-1940 (Broderbund CD-354):
Place: Philadelphia
Year: 1752
Primary Individual: Morhardt, Jacob
Source Code: 9041
Source Name: STRASSBURGER, RALPH BEAVER. Pennsylvania German Pioneers: A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808. Edited by William John Hinke. Norristown [PA]: Pennsylvania German Society, 1934. 3 vols. Vols. 1 and 3 reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1964. Repr. 1983. Vol. 1. 1727-1775. 776p.
Source Annotation: Contains 29,800 names, with annotations written by Krebs (see no. 4203). Various references to the names in Strassburger will be found in other listings, mostly where authors have attempted to line up their information with that in Strassburger.  This work (often referred to as Strassburger and Hinke) is much superior to no. 7820, Rupp, and no. 1804, Egle.  It forms a revision with additions to Rupp and Egle, and was prepared and edited with great accuracy. Vol. 1 contains captains' lists, 1727-1775; vol. 2 has facimilies of all signatures of signers of oaths of allegiance and oaths of abjuration, and was not included in the G.P.C. reprint; vol. 3 has captains' lists from 1785-1808, and indexes to captains, ships, ports of departure, and surnames in all volumes.  The set was originally vols. 42-44 of the Pennsylvania German Society Proceedings.
Source Page #: 498

1d.  Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1538-1940 (Broderbund CD-354):
Place: Pennsylvania
Primary Individual: Morhardt, Jacob Friedrich
Source Code: 3570.5
Source Name: JOHNSON, MRS. ARTA F., editor.  "Immigrant Ancestors." In The Palatine Immigrant. Vol. 9:1 (Summer 1983), pp. 28-33; vol. 9:2 (Autumn 1983), pp. 90-95; vol. 9:3 (Winter 1984), pp. 137-142; vol. 9:4 (Spring 1984), pp. 169-174.
Source Annotation: Date of arrival with port or place of settlement, a few are date and place of first mention of residence in New World.  Listings of mostly Mennonite German immigrants, the majority were from Baden-Durlach in the Palatinate.
Source Page #: 94

1e.  Census Index:  Colonial America, 1607-1789 (Broderbund CD-310):
1752 Morhardt, Jacob PA Philadelphia Co. Philadelphia
Jacob is the only MOREHART (or variation) on the CD, except for a Johannes MORHART in ME (immigration records show this Johannes arrived in NY in 1751).

Records Pertaining to Jacob's Naturalization —

2a.  Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1538-1940 (Broderbund CD-354):
Place: Pennsylvania
Year: 1767
Primary Individual: Morehard, Jacob
Source Code: 2564
Source Name: GIUSEPPI, MONTAGUE SPENCER, editor.  Naturalizations of Foreign Protestants in the American and East Indian Colonies (Pursuant to Statute 13 George II, c. 7). (Publications of the Huguenot Society of London, 1921, vol. 24.) Manchester [England]: The Huguenot Society of London, 1921. 196p. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1964. Repr. 1979.
Source Annotation: Data derived from return-forms connected with the naturalization of foreign Protestants, papers that were sent from the Colonies to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations.  Transcribed from two Entry Books, once the property of the Board of Trade and Plantations, now with the Colonial Office in the Public Record Office, London.  Much other information. Contains returns from the West Indies, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, New York and Pennsylvania.  A more complete record of New York naturalizations can be found in no. 9860, Wolfe, and for Pennsylvania in no. 6680.
Source Page #: 151

2b.  Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1538-1940 (Broderbund CD-354):
Place: Pennsylvania
Year: 1767
Primary Individual: Morehard, Jacob
Source Code: 6045.14
Source Name: "Naturalizations, 1740-1773, Lancaster County [Pennsylvania]." In Lancaster Legacy (Southwest Pennsylvania Genealogial Services). Vol. 5:2 (Jun. 1988), pp. 39-40.
Source Annotation: Date and place of naturalization. Place of residence is also provided.
Source Page #: 40

2c.  Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1538-1940 (Broderbund CD-354):
Place: Pennsylvania
Year: 1767
Primary Individual: Morehard, Jacob
Source Code: 6680
Source Name: PENNSYLVANIA (COLONY). SUPREME COURT. "Persons Naturalized in the Province of Pennsylvania [1740-1773]." In Pennsylvania Archives, ser. 2, vol. 2 (1876), pp. 345-486 (and in another ed., pp. 293-415). Excerpted and reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1967. 1939p. Index (pp. 125-139).
Source Annotation: Lists of foreign Protestants naturalized in Pennsylvania.  About 3,000 persons, most of whom were Quakers, with places of residence and dates of naturalization.  More complete than no. 2564, Giuseppi.
Source Page #: 466

2d.  Anon.  1967/1997.  Persons Naturalized in the Province of Pennsylvania, 1740-1773, Excerpted and Reprinted form Pennsylvania Archives, Series 2. Volume II.  Indexed Edition.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (Broderbund CD-512).
p. 106 [At a Supream Court held at Philadelphia, Before William Coleman & Alexander Stedman, Esquires, Judges of the said Court, in the tenth Day of April, in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty-seven, between the Hours of nine and twelve of the Clock in the Forenoon of the same Day, the following Person being Foreigners:]
Lancaster County.
Jurors' names.* Township. Sacrament, when taken…
Jacob Morehard, Earl, 10th April, 1767…
p. 107 The Persons hereafter named, being Foreigners, and of the People called Quakers, and other Protestants who conscientiously scruple to take an Oath, severally took the Affirmation and made and repeated the Declaration according to the Directions of the act of the thirteenth of King George the second, entituled "an Act for naturalizing such foreign Protestants and others therin mentioned as are settled or shall settle in any of his Majesty's Colonies in America," and of an Act of General Assembly of the Province of Pennsylvania, made in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and forty-two:
EDW. SHIPPEN, JR., prot.
Affirmers' names.  Township.  County.
[list of 17 men taking citizenship oath]

Other Records —

3.  John T. Humphrey.  1991-1998.  Pennsylvania Births.  14 vols.  Self-published, Washington, DC (Broderbund CD-196):
Child: J. Michel Morheadt
Birth/Baptism Date: 12 Mar 1758
Date Comment: Baptism
Location: New Goshenhoppen Reformed, Upper Hanover Township
County: Montgomery
State: Pennsylvania
Father: Jacob Morheadt
Mother: Mrs. Anna Morheadt
This record is presumed to be that of the John MOREHART who married Mary ALSPACH, but typically (for Germans), an individual baptized Johan Michel would have gone by Michael.  However, in America, the English naming practice of going by one's first name played havoc with how German names were recorded.  There is a Johannes MOREHART, who married Anna Maria SIGLIN, and while "John" as a saint's name is spelled Johann, I see no way, so far, to be certain he isn't this son of Jacob.

4.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1790 (Broderbund CD-311):  Jacob not found.  Son, John, is in Northampton Co., PA.

5.  Broderbund.  World Family Trees.  Vol. 2, Pedigree #601.  Has John MOREHART's father as Jacob Friedrick MORHARDT/MOREHART, wife Anna, born in "Wurttemberg" and died in 1780, Philadelphia Co., PA.  Supplies these notes:
Arr: 20 Oct 1752  "Duke of Wirttemburg" Phila. with Daniel Montpelier, Comander. Wurttemberg was spelled Wirtemberg until 1806.  It as several years before Jacob was naturalized, which might indicate that he was an indentured passenger.  He was an educated person because he signed his name on the ship's list, while many only made a mark.  Jacob was naturalized in Philadelphia on 10 April 1767.  Jacob lived in Earl Township of Lancaster County, during the 1760s the Pennsylvania Archives list an estate tax in 1780, which might be for Jacob Morhardt's estate.  Series 3, Volume 15, page 398 lists an Effective Supplly Tax: Morhord's Est'e, County of Philadelphia, Fredrick Township, 1780, Valuation in the hunrededs 300 tax 9.0.0. On 12 March 1758, Jacob Morheadt and his wife Anna baptized their son J. Michel at the new Goshenhoppen Reformed Congregation in Upper Hanover Township, Montgomery County, Pa.  Pastor George Michael Weiss performed the baptism.  This record is in the Pennsylvania German Church Records, page 20, Vol. III, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. 1983.  This is very likely the record of John Morehart's babtism.  John Morehart was born in 1758, but the exact day is not known.  The J. could stand for Johann, which is German for John.  Morheadt is quite likely a misspelling for Morhhardt.  Johnn Morehart's name is sometimes spelled Morhart in the Pennsylvania Archives and German name books list Morhardt as a variation of Morhart. John's first born son was named Jacob and he could have been named after his grandfather.  Lastly only one male Morhardt immigrated to America From Germany in the eighteenth century and that was Jacob.  The main German spelling variations are: Morhart, Morhard, Morhardt, Moorhart, Moorhard; and Mohrhart, Mohrhard, Mohrhardt.  Listed on page 286 in Prof. Josef K. Brechenmacher's German name book ETYMOLOGISCHES WORTERBACH der DEUTSCHEN FAMILIENNAMEN,K-Z, C. a. Starke Verlag, Limburg a.d. Lahn, 1963.
The fact that Jacob came on the ship Duke of Württemburg does not mean Jacob, himself, came from Württemberg.  It always takes "several years" (five or more) to become a naturalized citizen, so the delay is no indication that Jacob was indentured.  Jacob's naturalization may have been recorded in the Philadelphia courts, but he was living in Lancaster Co. at the time he was naturalized.  Jacob may have been the only male MORHARDT (or variation) to immigrate to Pennsylvania in the 18th Century for whom a record has survived, but he was not the only MORHARDT (or variation) to come to America in the 18th Century.

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