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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
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Stophel MILLER
Ms. __?__
WARNING:  I have no proof that the couple in Pennsylvania in 1790 is the same one in Ohio in 1820, but there is no great obstacle to that being the case, and Stophel is an extremely rare given name.  I know of only two others:  one in Montgomery Co., MD, in 1810 and the other in Columbiana Co., OH, in 1820/30/40.
Husband:  Christoph / Christoff "Stophel / Stofel / Stoffel" MÜLLER / MUELLER / MILLER
Birth:  bef. 1750
Residence in 1790:  Cocalico Twp., Lancaster Co., PA
Residence in 1820:  Brush Creek Twp., Highland Co., OH
Wife:  Ms. __?__
Birth:  bef. 1755
 1.  (Son A) MILLER, b. bef. 1774
 2.  (Son B) MILLER, b. bef. 1774
 3.  (Son C) MILLER, b. 1774-1790
 4.  (Son D) MILLER, b. 1774-1790
 5.  (Son E) MILLER, b. 1774-1790
 6.  (Daughter A) MILLER, b. bef. 1790
 7.  (Daughter B) MILLER, b. bef. 1790
 8.  (Daughter C) MILLER, b. bef. 1790
 9.  (Son F) MILLER, b. 1794-1801
10.  (Son G) MILLER, b. 1801-1804

Thirty years is an extraordinary span of fecundity for one woman.  Either the couple in Pennsylvania in 1790 is not the couple in Ohio in 1820, or the youngest boys in the 1820 census are not their sons, or Stophel had at least one additional marriage — to a younger woman.  Otherwise, I see no obstacle to the couple in Pennsylvania being the one in Ohio.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Ohio, Pennsylvania


1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1790 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #19 of 23; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1790 PA Lancaster Co. Cocalico Twp. p. 180 Ln. 21 Stophel Miller 3-3-4-0-0
These data indicate:
Gender and Type Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 free white males 16 or over in or bef. 1774 = Stophel
= Son A
= Son B
3 free white males 15 or under 1774-1790 = Son C
= Son D
= Son E
4 free white females all ages in or bef. 1790 = wife
= Daughter A
= Daughter B
= Daughter C
Note that some of those listed in the household may not be members of the nuclear family, though I'm treating the household as if they were.

3.  1800

4.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found.  The 1810 census of Ohio was lost (except for Washington Co.).  There is only one Stophel/Stofel MILLER indexed on this CD and he is in Montgomery Co., MD.  I don't believe he is our subject because he has no children and the woman living with him is in the next older age class.

5.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 5; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 OH Highland Co. Brush Creek Twp. p. 32 Ln. 35 Stofel Miller 001211-00001-0-300
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 16-18 1801-1804 = Son G
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = Son F
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = Son E
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Stophel
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = wife?
3 persons engaged in agriculture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
Stofel is mis-indexed as being on p. 32 in the town of "New Martin."  To being with, it's the town of "New Market," but Stofel is in Brush Creek Twp.  There are three other MILLERs indexed as being on p. 32 and in "New Martin," but they, too, are in Brush Twp.  One is Samuel MILLER, who is listed two lines above Stofel MILLER, who is one line above Jacob MILLER who is two lines above John MILLER.  There are three other MILLERs indexed as being in Brush Creek Twp., two of whom actually are:  Daniel MILLER, on p. 33, and Jonathan MILLER, on p. 34.  The third is Christopher MILLER, who is, indeed, on p. 35, but he is in Salem Twp., not Brush Creek Twp.

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