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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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Husband:  Henry MELVIN
Birth:  29 Apr 1801, MD
Death:  1865, Wellsburg, Brooke Co., WV
Occupation:  merchant, trader
Father:  Samuel MELVIN (1772-1826)
Mother:  Tamar MILLER (1774-1821)
Marriage:  22 Dec 1825, Brooke Co., VA [now WV]
Wife:  Alzina THAYER
Birth:  27 Jul 1805, Windsor, Windsor Co., VT
Death:  by 1870
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Nathaniel THAYER (1776-1837)
Mother:  Sarah Rebecca REED (1778-1842)
born in Brooke Co., VA:
  1.  Samuel MELVIN, b. ca. 1826; d. 1893, WV
  2?  (Infant) MELVIN, b./d. ca. 1827

born in OH (really?):
  3.  Sarah Ann MELVIN, b. 1827/8

born in Brooke Co., VA [now WV]:
  4.  Nathan Thayer MELVIN, b. 7 May 1829; d. 26 Feb 1900, Chicago, Cook Co., IL
  5.  Enos Woodward MELVIN, b. 1832/3; d. 2 Aug 1876, Brooke, Stafford, VA
  6.  (Daughter A) MELVIN, b. 1830-35
  7.  Mary Amanda MELVIN, b. 1836
  8.  Oscar Fitzallen MELVIN, b. 28 Apr 1837; d. 1910, PA
  9.  (Son A) MELVIN, b, 1835-40

said to be born in Butler Co., PA:
10.  Ada MELVIN, b. 1842; d. 8 Oct 1919, Belmont, Belmont Co., OH
11.  William H. MELVIN, b. 1843; d. ca. 1900, Wellsburg, Brooke Co., WV

born in Wellsville, Yellow Creek Twp., Columbiana Co., OH:
12.  Lydia Jane Violeta Caroline MELVIN, b. 1845; d. 28 Jan 1901, Henry Co., IA
13.  Charles Edwin MELVIN, b. 1848; d. ca. 1920, OH

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia

Sources (n.b., WV was formed from VA in 1863; Hancock Co. was formed in 1848 from Brooke Co.; these five counties Brooke and Hancock Cos. in WV; Washington and Beaver Cos. in PA; and Columbiana Co. in OH) are clustered together on that little northward projection of WV in-between OH and PA, so changing locations between them is a trivial move):

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  (West) Virginia Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Melvin, Henry Thayer, Elzina Dec 22, 1825 Brooke Co.

2.  1830 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 28; official enumeration date 1 Jun 1830; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 PA Washington Co. Cross Creek Twp. Roll M19_163 p. 350 Ln. 5 Henry Melven jnr? 200 010 - 100 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = Nathan (b. 1829)
= Samuel (b. ca. 1826)
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Henry (b. 1801) 
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Sarah (b. 1827/8)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Alzina (b. 1806/7)

3.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 74; official enumeration began 1 Jun 1840; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 VA [now WV] Brooke Co. Roll 552 pp. 190B-191A Ln 7 Henry Melvin 211 002 - 111 001 001000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = Oscar (b. 1837/8)
= Son A
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Enos (b. 1832/3)
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Samuel or Nathan
2 males 30-39 1800-1810 = Henry (b. 1801)
= ?
1 female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Mary (b. 1835/6)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Daughter A
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Sarah LYON (b. 1827/8) 
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Alzina (b. 1806/7)
1 person employed in commerce
Listed next to Sarah THAYER (æ 50-60).

4.  Did they go back to Pennsylvania, in this case Beaver County, before moving to Ohio?

5.  1850 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #14 of 36):  Town of Wellsville, Yellow Creek Twp., Columbiana Co., OH, p. 150B, ???/???, enumerated 24 Jul 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤()
Henry Melvin 50 M   Mercht $900 Maryland
Alzina 43 F       Vermont
Sarah A Lyon 22 F       Ohio
Enos 17 M   None   Virginia
Mary 14 F       "
Oscar 12 M       "
Wm H  7 M       Penna
Lydia  5 F       Ohio
Chas  2 M       "
Jas Lyon 6/12 M       "
Smith Lyon 22 M       Penna
Where's Ada?
Sarah is their daughter, who married Smith LYON back in April of 1849 (q.v.).  Given that the enumerator didn't put this household in order correctly, it's most unfortunate that he didn't include everyone's surname because the children were mis-indexed.

6.  1860 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #10 of 40):  Wellsburg P.O., Dist. No. 2, Brooke Co., VA, Roll M653_1337, p. 524, PN 114, 776/742, enumerated __ Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Henry Melvin 58 M   Trader   1000 Maryland
Alsandra Melvin 54 F         Vermont
Enos W Melvin 25 M   Finisher in paper mill     Virginia
Ada Melvin 19 F         "
Caroline Melvin 14 F         Ohio
Chas E Melvin 10 M         "
7.  1870 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found.

8.  Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com):  there isn't a very good correspondence in these trees between the children alleged for them (especially their birthplaces) and the census records.  Oh, well, my interest here is LYON, so I'm not going to take the time to sort this out.

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