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James LYON
Asenath SMITH
Johanna __?__
Husband:  James LYON
Birth:  20 Nov 1796, Norwich, Chenango Co., NY
Birth (according to 1850 census):  1792/3, NY
Death:  20 Apr 1856, Marshall Co., IN
Occupation:  blacksmith
Father:  Alexander LYON
Mother:  Olive VAN BURGER
Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Asenath / Aseneath SMITH
Birth:  1800-1804
Death:  by 1850
Occupation:  homemaker

Asenath is a scriptural name; Aseneath is a misspelling.

Marriage-2:
Wife-2:  Johanna __?__
Death:  by 1850
Occupation:  homemaker

Given the age span between the first child and the last, James almost certainly did have two wives, both of whom died before 1850.  Without the marriage record to Johanna, we don't know which children are hers and which are Asenath's, but the most logical break would be between Achsah, born in NY, and Mary Helen, born in PA.

Children with Asenath SMITH:
born in Hector, Tompkins [now Schuyler] Co., NY:
  1.  Alexander LYON, b. 1818/9
  2.  Hiram LYON, b. 1820
  3.  James LYON, b. 1822
  4.  Olive LYON, b. 1822/3 or 23 Jul 1824 or 1826
  5.  (Son A) LYON, b. 1825-30
  6.  George O. LYON, b. Jan 1826 or 12 Feb 1828

born in NY, either in Hector, Tompkins [now Schuyler] Co., NY, or Franklinville, Cattaraugus Co., NY:
  7.  Joana LYON, b. 1830
  8.  Catherine Ann LYON, b. 4 Jul 1832
  9.  [Roxanne / Roxanna] "Roxy" LYON, b. 1835/6
10.  Melinda LYON, b. ca. 1837
11.  Maria LYON, b. ca. 1839
12.  Achsah Matilda LYON, b. 1841/2

Child with Johanna:
born in PA:
13.  Mary Helen LYON, b. 1846/7
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, New York

Sources (n.b., in New York, "towns" were the equivalent of the "townships" found in other states; Schuyler Co. was formed in 1854 from Tompkins, Steuben, and Chemung Cos.):

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #24 of 31; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 NY Tompkins Co. Town of Hector Roll M33_76 p. 15/265 Ln. 40 James Lyon 300110-11110-0-500
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Hiram (b. 1820)
= Alexander (b. 1818/9)
= ?
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = James (b. 1796)
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = ?
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = ?
1 female 10-15 1804-1810 = ?
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Asenath
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = ?
5 persons engaged in agriculture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25, which means any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  So, for an accurate representation of the household, the number in column three should be subtracted from the number in column four. If, after the subtraction, any individuals remain in column four, then they have to be age 19-25, thus creating a "new," more precise age class.

3.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #27 of 64; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 NY Tompkins Co. Town of Hector Roll M19-109 p. 408 Ln. 16 James Lyon 212 001 - 010 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = George (b. 1826/28)
= Son A
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = James (b. 1822)
2 males 10-14 1815-1820 = Hiram (b. 1820)
= Alexander (b. 1818/9)
1 male 30-39 1790-1800 = James (b. 1796)
1 female 5-9 1820-1825 = Olive (b. 1824)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Asenath
Listed 13 lines below Benjamin LYON.  He is the only James LYON in the county.

4.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7-8 of 14; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 NY Cattaraugus Co. Town of Franklinville Roll 267 pp. 174B-175A Ln. 11 James Lyon 002 210 100 - 320 101 000 0301000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 10-14 1825-1830 = George (b. 1826/28)
= Son A
2 males 15-19 1820-1825 = James (b. 1822)
= ?
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Alexander (b. 1818/9)
1 male 40-49 1790-1800 = James (b. 1796)
3 females 4 or under 1835-1840 = Maria (b. ca. 1839)
= Melinda (b. ca. 1837)
= Roxy (b. 1835/6)
2 females 5-9 1830-1835 = Catherine (b. 1832)
= Joana (b. 1830)
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Olive (b. 1824)
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Asenath
3 persons employed in agriculture
1 person employed in manufacture or trade
He is the only James LYON indexed in the county.

5a.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #117 of 131):  My Division, Marshall Co., IN, Roll M432_160, p. 507A, 857/857, enumerated 16 Oct 1850 by Geo. POMEROY, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
James LYON 57 M   Blacksmith 400 NY
Joana Lyon 20 F       Do
Roxsy Lyon 14 F       Do
Achsah Lyon  8 F       Do
Mary Lyon  3 F       Penn
Listed next to married son, Alexander LYON (æ 31, b. NY) and wife Esther Ann (æ 31, b. NY), and their children.  He is the only James LYON in the county.

5b.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 36):  Farmersville, Cattaraugus Co., NY, Roll M432_480, p. 413A, 549/557, enumerated 20 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Warren B Martindale 38 M   Wheelwright 17 Vt
Olive        " 27 F       NY
William      "  5 M       "
Melinda Lyon 16 F       "
Melinda appears to be Olive's younger sister.  If so, it suggests Asenath is her mother and that Asenath died back in New York; otherwise, it's a long trip from Indiana back to New York. 

5b.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #16 of 26):  Lyndon, Cattauraugus Co., NY, Roll M432_480, p. 406A, 442/447, enumerated 10 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
George Lyon 23 M   Farmer 300 NY
Mary A   " 33 F       "
Orion V  " 3/12 F       "
Maria    " 11 F       "
Maria appears to be George's younger sister.  If so, it suggests Asenath is her mother and that Asenath died back in New York; otherwise, it's a long trip from Indiana back to New York. 

6.  Pedigree (online at the Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation).

7.  Philip Craig LYON.  The Lyon Family Homepage Kansas, Pennsylvania, & New York (user pages online at the FamilyTreeMaker web site).

8.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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