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Jacob LYON I
Jane __?__
Please Note:  Our subject and his wife are being confused with Jacob LYCAN & Dolley COOK, who were married in 1779 in Wilkes Co., NC.  Their marriage record was mis-read as "Lyean," and that error was widely published, then widely misinterpreted as a misspelling of LYON, hence the mix-up.  But these are two different men and two different families.  From our subject's pension application, we do know his wife was named, "Jane," but I suspect her being called "Sarah Jane (Dorothy) COOK" may be the result of this mix-up with Jacob LYCAN "Dolly" being the nickname of Dorothy.  Some say she is Jane GENTRY, but that appears to be a mix-up with a younger Jacob LYON & Jane GENTRY.  I have yet to find a primary marriage record for our subject or any other record giving his wife's maiden name, so I'm taking the conservative view that his wife's maiden name remains unknown.  If you have documentation for the identity of his wife, please share. 
Husband:  Jacob LION / LYON
Birth:  1763, Culpeper Co., VA
Death:  16 Aug 1840, Wilkes Co., NC
Disposition:  buried Lyon's Family Cemetery, Wilkes Co., NC
Occupation:  farmer
Military Service:  Revolutionary War:  Pvt., Virginia Continental Line; Cavalry under Col. "Light-Horse" Henry LEE
Revolutionary War Battles:  Guilford Court House; Camden; Siege of Ninety-Six; Eutaw Springs
Father:  Alexander LYON I
Mother:  Elizabeth __?__
Marriage:  by 1786
Wife:  Jane __?__
Birth:  ca. 1769
Death apparently:  1830-40, Wilkes Co., NC
Occupation:  homemaker
Children born in Wilkes Co., NC:
  1.  (Daughter A) LYON, b. by 1787
  2.  Sarah LYON, b. 1789
  3.  Frances LYON, b. ca. 1790
  4.  Valentine LYON, b. 1791/2
  5.  Rachel LYON, b. 1792-95
  6.  James LYON, b. 10 Jun 1796
  7.  Ruth LYON, b. ca. 1801
  8.  Elizabeth ["Betsy"?] LYON, b. ca. 1802; d. 1 Oct 1868, Wilkes Co., NC
  9.  Austin LYON, b. ca. 1804
10.  Solomon LYON, b. 18 Apr 1807
11.  Meredith LYON, b. ca. 1811
12.  Jacob J. LYON, Jr., b. ca. 1814
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, North Carolina

Sources:

1a.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Marriage Index: KY, NC, TN, VA, WF, 1728-1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):  not found.

1b.  Anon.  nd.  Wilkes County, North Carolina, Marriage Bonds.  Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (online at FamilySearch.org):  None of these marriage records appear to me to apply to our subject, but it looks as though at least two of these marriages have been attributed to him by others (viz., the marriage to Dolley (Dorothy) COOK and the one to Jane GENTRY).  I'd definitely like to see the original record with regard to "Jane Jenty," but even if the marriage is 1788, instead of 1888, that's still too late.  Jacob was a married man with a child in the 1787 state census, and it's very likely he married in VA, before coming to NC, which is the reason we don't find his marriage in Wilkes County, any more than we find his brother's or father's marriage record in NC.

2.  Mrs. Garland C. Norris, compiler.  nd. Property Tax List of Culpeper County, Virginia, 1783.  Archives Division, Virginia State Library, Richmond, VA (online in archives of the Culpeper County, Virginia, USGenWeb site):  "List of William McClanahan, Gent."
Line Name
 71 Thomas Grimsley...
 88 William Harris...
112 William Lyon...
115 Alexander Lyon, son Jacob...

3.  Alvaretta K. Register.  2001.  State Census of North Carolina, 1784-1787.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore MD (online at Ancestry.com):
Page in Book 177 178
County  Wilkes 
District A List of the number of Souls in Capt. Johnson's Dist. July 7th, 1787. Returned by Ams. Hammon.
Page / Line in Census 1 / 13 1 / 14 1 / 16 3 / 39 3 / 40
Head-of-Household William Harris Jacob Lyon William Loyon Thomas Grimsley Elexander Lyon
WM 21-60 yrs 1 1 [Jacob] 1 1 1
WM under 21 or over 60 1 . 4 1 1
WF all ages 7 2 [Jane, Daughter A] 4 2 2
Blacks 12-50 . . . . .
Blacks under 12 or over 60 . . . . .
Thomas GRIMSLEY's wife, Isabell LYON, is almost certainly Jacob's sister.  In court in Wilkes Co., NC, in 1819, William HARRIS and Thomas GRIMSLEY gave depositions in support of Jacob LYON's Revolutionary War pension application, the former having been his neighbor back in Virginia and the latter having been both his neighbor and his comrade-in-arms during the war.

4.  1790 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 14; official enumeration date 2 Aug 1790; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1790 NC Wilkes Co. 6th Comp. Roll M637_7 p. 156 Ln. 10R Jacob Lyon 1-0-4-0
These data indicate:
Gender and Type Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 free white males 16 or over in or bef. 1774 = Jacob (b. 1763)
4 free white females all ages in or bef. 1790 = Jane (b. ca. 1767)
= Daughter A (b. by 1787)
= Sarah (b. 1789)
= Frances (b. ca. 1790)

5.  1800 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #30 of 49 list was roughly alphabetized; official enumeration date 4 Aug 1800; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1800 NC Wilkes Co. Morgan Roll M32_33 p. 51 Ln. 20 Jacob LYON 30010-22210-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 9 or under 1790-1800 = James (b. 1796)
= Valentine (b. 1791/2)
1 male 26-44 1755-1774 = Jacob (b. 1763)
2 females 9 or under 1790-1800 = Rachel (b. 1792-95)
2 females 10-15 1784-1790 = Frances (b. ca. 1790)
= Sarah (b. 1789)
2 females 16-25 1774-1784 = Daughter A?
= ?
1 female 26-44 1755-1774 = Jane (b. ca. 1767)
FWIW, listed next to William LYON.

6.  1810 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 56; official enumeration date 6 Aug 1810; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1810 NC Wilkes Co. Wilkesborough Roll 43 p. 850 Ln. 6 Jacob Lyan 31101-11310-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Jacob (b. ca. 1810)
= Solomon (b. 1807)
= Austin (b. 1804)
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = James (b. 1796)
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = Valentine (b. 1791/2)
1 male 45 or over by 1765 = Jacob (b. 1763)
1 female 9 or under 1800-1810 = Elizabeth (b. 1802)
1 female 10-15 1794-1800 = Ruth (b. by 1800)
3 females 16-25 1784-1794 = Rachel (b. 1792-95)
= Frances (b. ca. 1790)
= Sarah (b. 1789)
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Jane (b. ca. 1767)

7.  1820 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #31 of 57; official enumeration date 7 Aug 1820; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 NC Wilkes Co. Roll M33_83 p. 521 Ln. 27 Jacob Lyon 121101-00301-0-300 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1810-1820 = Meredith (b. 1815)
2 males 10-15 1804-1810 = Jacob (b. ca. 1810)
= Solomon (b. 1807)
1 male 16-18 1801-1804 = Austin (b. 1804)
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = James (b. 1796)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Jacob (b. 1763)
3 females 16-25 1794-1804 = Elizabeth (b. 1802)
= Ruth (b. by 1800)
= Rachel (b. 1792-95)
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Jane (b. ca. 1767)
3 persons engaged in agriculture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25, which means any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  So, for an accurate representation of the household, the number in column three should be subtracted from the number in column four. If, after the subtraction, any individuals remain in column four, then they have to be age 19-25, thus creating a "new," more precise age class.

8.  1830 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #19 of 130; official enumeration date 1 Jun 1830; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 NC Wilkes Co. Roll M19_125 p. 343 Ln. 12 Jacob Lyon 000 200 001 - 000 010 101 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 15-19 1810-1815 = Meredith (b. 1815)
= Jacob (b. ca. 1810)
1 dmale 60-69 1760-1770 = Jacob (b. 1763)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Elizabeth (b. 1802)
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Frances (b. ca. 1790)
1 female 60-69 1760-1770 = Jane (b. ca. 1767)

9.  1840 U.S. Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4-5 of 19; official enumeration began 1 Jun 1840; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 NC Wilkes Co. Capt. Spicer's Dist. Roll 373 pp. 83B-84a Ln. 10 Jacob Lyon 000 010 000 100 - 000 001 010 no slaves 0100000 Jacob Lyon 78
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Jacob? (b. 1810/13)
1 male 70-79 1760-1770 = Jacob (b. 1763) 
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Elizabeth (b. 1802)
1 female 50-59 1780-1790 = Frances (b. ca. 1790)
1 person employed in agriculture
Jacob LYON | æ 78   Revolutionary War Pensioner
Listed next to son, Austin LYON.

10a.  Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files.  Dept. Veterans Affairs, Record Group 15, Microfilm Publ. M804, NARA, Washington, DC (online at Ancestry.com): 
There's a lengthy pension application file (54 pp.) for Jacob LYON of Wilkes Co., NC.  The content is definitely worth transcribing if I can find the time, but the poor image quality will make it slow going (even the typewritten pages are hard to read).  Surely this has already been transcribed by others, so please share if you have such a transcription.  From just a quick scan, I see his wife's name is, "Jane," and that his children are named.
This is amazing.  I went back to Ancestry to take another look at the file, and I cannot get it to come up on a search.  Thankfully, I also have a subscripton to fold3...

10b.  Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files.  NARA Catalog No. 300022 (online at fold3.com):  Please note that government documents are not copyrightable, but if someone wants to argue that transcriptions of them are, then I hereby release my transcription to the public domain.  Boldface added; [comment added].
Jacob Lyon
priv

Col Hawes's
Va Regt
1780 - 2 yrs

on roll - 

not entitled - too
much property
$377-50-



State of North Carolina
Wilkes County

On the 13th day of September AD 1819, Jacob Lyon aged fifty seven years personally appeared before me and being duly sworn according to Law doth make the following declaration in order to obtain the provision made by the late act of Congress entitled "An act to provide for certain persons engaged in the land and Naval service of the United States in the Revolutionary War; towit, That he the said Jacob Lyon enlisted in Captain Valentine Harrison's Company, Virginia Regiment in the month of September AD 1780; and that he continued to serve in the Service of the United States until the month of January or February AD 1782: This Deponent saith that when he enlisted the Regiment he belonged to was commanded by Col. John Greene of Culpepper County, Virginia, but some time after the Battle fought at Guilford Court House in North Carolina, the same Regiment was commended by Col. Hawes, and that after the seige of Ninety Six in South Carolina this deponent was transferred to and did duty in the Corps of Cavalry commanded by Col. Henry Lee of Virginia, in which corps he served until just before he was discharged from the army, when he was sent to Salisbury in North Carolina and dischaged as stated.  This deponent further saith that he was in the Battle of Guilford, at the Battle near Cambden fought between Genl. Greene and Lord Rawdon; that he was at the seige of Ninety Six, and at the Battle of Eutaw Springs; This Deponent further saith that resided in the County of Wilkes in the State of North Carolina, and that he is in reduced circumstances and stands in need of the assistance of his Country for support.  The Deponent further saith that his discharge has been lost by accident or mislaid, so that he has not got it nor does he know where it is.

William Harris [husband of Sarah LEWIS] maketh Oath that he was present when Jacob Lyon enlisted as a Soldier in the Service of the United States, as Set forth in the above affidavit; that he lived in the Same Neighborhood and well Recollects that Said Lyon was absent from home after his enlistment for the Space of eighteen Months or thereabout, and it was understood by this Deponent and all the Neighbours that Said Lyon was during that time in the Service aforesaid.

Thomas Grimsly [husband of Isabell LYON] maketh Oath that Jacob Lyon enlisted into the Same Company to which he himself belonged: that he was present at his enlistment and they entering in Service together for Some time when they were separated.  They were honorably discharged on the Same day and returned home together - He has good Reason to believe that Said Lyon Served faithfully during the Time of his enlistment, Set forth in his Affidavit above.



The within Affidavits were Sworn to before me Archbald D. Murphy One of the Judges of the Superior Courts of Law and Courts of Equity in and for the State of North Carolina the 19th September AD 1819.
A.D. Murphy
State of North Carolina

I Archibald D. Murphy one of the Judges in the Superior Counts of Law & Courts of Equity in and for the State of North Caolina, do hereby certify that it appears to my satisfaction from [???] examined to that Court that Jacob Lyon the within named applicant for a Pension, is for required Circumstances and... [I give up, it's too tough to read.  A.D. Murphy is just affirming the above.]


North Carolina
Wilkes County
Superior Court of Law
September term 1819

I Walter R. Lenoir Clerk of the Superior Cout of Law for the County of Wilkes, Do hereby Certity that the Honoable Archibald D. Murphy Esquire, before whom the annexed affidavits were made, and [?] hath Certified and duly [???] Judges of the Superior Courts of Law & Courts of Equity in and for the State of North Carolina, and [???] presiding Judge of this Court.  

In testimony whereof I have Certified the same under my hand and the Seal for the said Court at Office the 14th day of September AD 1819.
W R Lenoir Clk
State of North Carolina
Wilkes County
Court of Pleas & Quarter
Sessions Feby Term 1822.
On this Eight day of February - 1822, Jacob Lyon personally appeared in open Court (being a Court of Record) aged fifty nine years, resident in the County of Wilkes in the said State of North Carolina, who being duly sworn according to Law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the provisions made by the Act of Congress entitled An act to provide for certain persons engaged in the Land and Naval service of the United States in the Revolutionary War.

That the said Jacob Lyon enlisted in Captain Valentine Harrisons Company of one of the Virginia Regiments in the service of the United State in the month of September AD 1780 ; and that he continued in the said service until January or February AD 1782.  He further saith that when he enlisted, the Regiment was Commanded by Col. John Greene of Culpepper County, Virginia, but some time after the battle fought at Guilford Court House in North Carolina, the same Regiment was Commanded by Col. Hawes, and that after the Siege of Ninety Six in So. Carolina, for the said Jacob Lyon was tranferred and did duty in the Corps of Cavalry Commanded by Col. Henry Lee of Virginia, in which Corps he served until just before



he was discharged from the Army, when he was sent on to Salisbury in N. Carolina and there discharged.  He further saith that he was in the Battle of Guilford, and at the Battle near Cambden fought between Genl. Greene and Lord Rawdon; that he was at the Seige of Ninety Six, and at the Battle of Eutaw Springs; And that his discharge has been lost or mislaid so that he does not know what has become of it. ___ That since the filing of his first declaration, he has been disabled by a fall from his horse which has so injured his left arm as to rendir him totally incapable of obtaining a support by his Labour.  The declarant further saith that he is about fifty nine years old; And his wife, Jane about fifty three years old, very weak and feable; and that he has seven six children living with him, towit:

Frances about thirty two years old, Ruth twenty one, Betsy about twenty, Austin about eighteen, Solomon about fourteen, Meredith about eleven and Jacob about eight.  And that his first declaration was dated the 13th day of September AD 1919.___

And I do solumnly swear that I was a resident Citizen of the United States on the 18th day of March 1818, and that I have not since that time by gift, sale or in any manner disposed of my property or any part thereof with intent thereby so to diminish it as to bring myself within the provisions of an act of Congress entitled An act to provide for certain persons



engaged in the land and Naval service of the United States in the Revolutionary War passed on the 18th day of March 1818.  And that I have not nor has any person for me in trust any property or Securities, Contracts or debts due to me, nor have I any income other than what is contained in the Schedule hereunto annexed, and by me subscribed, towit, Four hundred & Fifty-acres of land.  Two horse creatures, one mare and one colt - Fourteen head of Cattle - nine head of Sheep - Seventeen head of hogs - two plows - two axes - one mattock - four weeding hoes - The whole of the value of Three Hundred, Seventy Seven dolls, fifty Cents.  This declarant further saith that he is by occupation a farmer.  Sworn to & Subscribed in Open Court the 8th day of February AD 1822.
 
Test R Martin, Clk Jacob his X mark Lyon
What followed was an itemized accounting of his holdings and their value, also sworn to by the clerk and Jacob.  There's more in the folder, including a later claim by his heirs.  He eventually did get a pension commencing in 1829.

10c.  Southern Campaigns Revolutionary War Pension Statements & Rosters:  Pension application of Jacob Lyon (Lion) S 41789, transcription by Will Graves (online at www.revwarapps.org):  Of course, I found this after doing my own transcriptions, but as they are asserting copyright over theirs, I'm glad I did my own.  But please note that, in doing my own, I see their transcription is not 100% verbatim.  Mine are verbatim, to the degree that I found the original decipherable in the image.  Most of the changes they made are insignificant (e.g., changing Eight to 8th, Culpepper to Culpeper, Col. to Colonel, etc.), but two are errors: 1) the second "1780" in the second paragraph is "1782" he can't have left the service before he joined it; 2) the transcriber erred regarding the final date, calling it 1832 when it's 1822.

11.  United States Senate.  1968.  The Pension Roll of 1835.  4 vols.  (1992 reprint with index, Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; online at Ancestry.com):
Name Jacob Lyon
Rank Private
Age 72
Pension Enrollment Date 9 Jan 1829
Residence Place Wilkes, North Carolina
Service Description Virginia

12.  Lyon(s) Families Association of America: Database (on CD as of 22 Feb 2010; these are member submissions).

13.  Public Member Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

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