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Maj. Thomas Stubblefield LONG
Ms. __?__
Lucinda "Lucy" SLAUGHTER
Husband:  Thomas Stubblefield LONG
Birth:  1774, Culpeper Co., VA
Death:  1825/6, Christian Co., KY
Father:  Maj. Gabriel LONG
Mother:  Elizabeth STUBBLEFIELD
Marriage-1:
If Bathseba's birthdate is correct, the marriage could not have been before 1800, though Thomas is old enough to have married sooner.  As her deathdate has to be wrong, I don't have much confidence in her birthdate or, for that matter, that Bathsheba really was his first wife.  Most sources consider Thomas's first wife to be unknown.

Marriage:  aft. 1800
Wife-1:  Bathsheba MOXLEY
Birth:  15 May 1788, Loudoun Co., VA
Death said to be22 Mar 1870, Franklin Co., KY
Father:  Samuel MOXLEY
Mother:  Agnes COX

I don't see how Bathsheba's death year can be correct, unless she and Thomas divorced, and that seems unlikely as Thomas shows up alone with the children in the 1810 Census.  I would guess 1870 is a typo for 1807, but she had a child in 1808/9 assuming Owen's age in the 1850 Census is correct.

Marriage-2:  15 Aug 1812, Christian Co., KY
Wife-2:  Lucinda Brown "Lucy" SLAUGHTER
Birth:  1784/5, VA
Other spouse:  m1. 14 Oct 1805, Christian Co., KY, Gabriel LONG, Jr. [half-brother of our subject] 
Other children:
1.  John Slaughter LONG, b. 1806-10
2.  Gabriel Brown LONG, b. 1808/9 
3.  Nancy Slaughter LONG, b. 11 Jan 1811 
Children with Bathsheba MOXLEY:
1.  (Son A) LONG, b. 1801-4
2. Elizabeth LONG, b. ca. 1807; d. bef. 1810
3. Owen Moxley LONG, b. 1808/9, KY 

If they did have a daughter, Elizabeth, she died before 1810 because she doesn't show up in either the 1810 or 1820 censuses.

Children with Lucinda (SLAUGHTER) LONG born in Christian Co., KY:
4.  Americus Vespucius LONG, b. 1813/4; never married
5.  Susan Stubblefield LONG, b. 1819/20 
6.  Ellen LONG, b. 1820/1 
7.  Lucinda Slaughter "Lucy" LONG, b. 1820-25; m. Mr. TANDY
8.  Thomas W. LONG, b. 1825/6; m. 2 Oct 1849, Christian Co., KY, Eliza McCARROLL

Some sources show them with a son, Thomas J. LONG, the one who married Narcissa EDGAR, but that Thomas LONG is not the one living with Lucy in the 1850 Census.  Other sources give the parents of Thomas Jefferson LONG, husband of Narcissa EDGAR, as William LONG and Mary PATTON, and that certainly makes more sense.  William LONG is an immigrant from England, so those LONGs have no relationship to our subjects.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Kentucky, Virginia

Sources:

1. Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Kentucky Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Long, Thomas S. Long, Lucy Aug 15, 1812 Christian Co.
Long, Thomas J. Edgar, Narcissa Dec  1, 1831 Christian Co.
Long, Thomas W. Mccarroll, Eliza Oct  2, 1849 Christian Co.

2.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1810 (Broderbund CD-313).  Please see my WARNING regarding use of this database (the numerical data have the genders switched). 
1810 Long, Thomas S. KY Logan Co. p. 181 00000-2001000
These data should read:
20010-00000-00
which indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Owen (b. 1808/9)
= Son A
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = Thomas (b. 1774)
There should be a son and a daughter.  Or were there two sons, and the daughter is dead?  Or did the census-taker make a mistake?

3a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1820 (Broderbund CD-314):
1820 Long, Thomas KY Christian Co. p. 27

3b.  Christian County Genealogical Society (Hopkinsville, KY).  1995.  Christian County, KY, Census Records, 1820-1830-1840.  Simmons Historical Publ., Melber, KY.  On p. 2 (of the book, not the census):
1820 Long Thomas 121011-20010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1810-1820 = Americus (b. 1813/4)
2 males 10-15 1804-1810 = Owen (b. 1808/9)
= Gabriel (b. 1808/9)
= John S. (b. 1806-10)
1 male 16-18 1801-1804 = Son A
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = ?
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Thomas (b. 1774)
2 females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Susan (b. 1819/20)
= Nancy (b. 1811)
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Lucinda (b. 1784/5)
The unknown male age 26-44 was not in the household in 1810, so he could not be Thomas's son, in addition to the fact that he's too old to be Thomas's son.  There are some other problems with this household, namely, that there are not enough children to account for all of ones they each had in their former marriage, plus the ones they had together, unless the census-taker just tallied the older boys in the wrong columns, which is entirely possible.  They are living three doors down from Widow Catherine STUBBLEFIELD.

4a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1830 (Broderbund CD-315):
1830 Long, Lucinda KY Christian Co. Hopkinsville p. 6

4b.  Christian County Genealogical Society (Hopkinsville, KY).  1995.  Christian County, KY, Census Records, 1820-1830-1840.  Simmons Historical Publ., Melber, KY.  On p. 27 (of the book, not the census):
1830 Long Lucinda 100 100 000 - 021 000 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Thomas (b. 1825/6)
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Americus (b. 1813/4)
2 females 5-9 1820-1825 = Lucinda
= Ellen (b. 1820/1)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Susan (b. 1819/20)
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Lucinda (b. 1784/5)
Living next door to lone bachelor, John S. LONG (b. 1806-1810), whom I'm assuming is the "extra" son in the earlier censuses.  And John is living next door to William W. THOMPSON, Lucinda's son-in-law.

5a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1840 (Broderbund CD-316):
1840 Long, Lucy KY Christian Co. Hopkinsville p. 187

5b.  Christian County Genealogical Society (Hopkinsville, KY).  1995.  Christian County, KY, Census Records, 1820-1830-1840.  Simmons Historical Publ., Melber, KY.  On p. 56 (of the book, not the census):
1840 Long Lucy 001 020 000 - 000 200 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Thomas (b. 1825/6)
2 males 20-29 1810-1820 = Neville HOPSON
= Americus (b. 1813/4)
2 females 15-19 1820-1825 = Lucinda
= Ellen (b. 1820/1)
1 female 50-59 1780-1790 = Lucinda (b. 1784/5)
Daughter Ellen was married to Neville HOPSON in 1838.  Neville is not found as head-of-household in 1840, and it appears they are living with Lucinda.

6a.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  District No. 1, Christian Co., KY, p. 488, 815/876, enumerated 5 Oct 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen this record very difficult to read).
Lucy Long 65 F   Va
Thos W Long 24 M Farmer Ky
Eliza K? Long 20 F   Ky
Eliza is Thomas's wife.

6b.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  District 1, Christian Co., KY, p. 488, 823/886, enumerated 9 Oct 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen this record was very difficult to read):
Gabriel B. Long 41 M Farmer   Ky
Martha E. Long 34 F     Ky
[five children of Gabriel & Martha]          
America V Long 36 M Farmer   Ky
Americus LONG, who never married, is half-brother of Gabriel Brown LONG

7.  Messages in the Long Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum).

8.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: IGI - International Genealogical Index and AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).

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