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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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James KARNS
Mary STROUP
Husband:  James KARNS / KERNS
Birth:  28 Feb 1795, PA
Death:  1871, Pinegrove Twp., Venango Co., PA 
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  John KARNES (c1755-c1815)
Mother:  Maria "Polly" NICELY (c1765-1833)
Marriage:
Wife:  Mary "Polly" STROUP
Birth:  1796-99 or 1800-1810, PA said to be born in Patton Twp., Mifflin [now Centre] Co., PA
Death apparently:  1870-80, Pinegrove Twp., Venango Co., PA 
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Adam STRAUB / STROUP
Mother:  Eva __?__

It's unusual for a woman to inflate her age, but Mary is older in the 1850/60/70 censuses than she was in the 1830/40 censuses, and a younger age at first marriage would make more sense.  Or did James marry a second time, between 1840 and 1850, to a different, older Mary?  Mary is said to have died in 1884, but I cannot find her in the 1880 census.

Children born in Venango Co., PA:
  1.  (Son A) KARNS, b. 1820-25
  2.  William S. KARNS, b. 1822-24; m. Jane NICKLESON (1828-1910)
  3.  (Son B) KARNS, b. 1825-30; d. bef. 1840
  4.  Eliza KARNS, b. Aug 1826; d. 8 May 1904; m. William L. PERRY (1823-1919)
  5.  Isaac Adam KARNS, b. 1828/9
  6.  (Son C) KARNS, b. 1830-35
  7.  Clarissa KARNS, b. 1830; m. James NICKLESON (1826/7- )
  8.  James KARNS, b. 1835/6
  9.  Jacob KARNS, b. 1837/8
10.  Sarah KARNS, b. 1839/40
11.  Henry KARNS, b. 1841/2; m. Loretta Ellen SLAUGHENHAUP

Said to have this son, but without knowing his age, I can't place him in the above sequence; he could be either of the two apparent survivors, most likely the eldest one (Son A).
.  John KARNS

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #4 of 4; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 PA Venango Co. Rockland Twp. Roll M33_114 p. 14A Ln. 20 James Carns 000100-00000-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = James (b. 1795/6)
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
Listed one line below Adam CARNS (510010-21010-00), who is four lines below Daniel, then Peter, then John STROUP.

3.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5 of 10 list was roughly alphabetized; indexed "Herns"; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 PA Venango Co. Richland Twp. Roll 164 p. 43 Ln. 13 Kerns James 220 001 - 100 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1825-1830 = Isaac Adam (b. 1828/9)
= Son B
2 males 5-9 1820-1825 = William (b. 1823/4)
= Son A
1 male 30-39 1790-1800 = James (b. 1795/6)
1 female 4 or under 1825-1830 = Eliza (b. 1826)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Mary (b. 1797/9?)

4.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7-8 of 8; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 PA Venango Co. Pine Grove Twp. Roll 497 pp. 93B-94A Ln. 12 James Karns 211 200 100 - 111 001 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = Jacob (b. 1837/8)
= James (b. 1835/6)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Son C
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = Isaac Adam (b. 1828/9)
2 males 15-19 1820-1825 = William (b. 1823/4)
= Son A
1 male 40-49 1790-1800 = James (b. 1795/6)
1 female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Sarah (b. 1839/40)
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Clarissa (b. 1830)
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = Eliza (b. 1826)
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Mary (b. 1797/9?
1 person employed in agriculture

5.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #9 of 17 indexed "Karnes"):  Pinegrove Twp., Venango Co., PA, Roll M432_832, p. 78A, 62/62, enumerated 23 Sep 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Jas Karns 54 M   Far 1000  
Mary 53 F        
Isaac 21 M        
Jacob 12 M        
Jas 14 M        
Sarah 10 F        
Henry  8 M        
The birthplaces were blank, which presumably indicates Pa.  Listed next to presumed son, William KARNS (æ 26, wife Jane).  There is a Clarissa NICKLESON (æ 20, b. PA), living in Cornplanter Twp. with her husband, James NICKLESON (æ 23, b. PA).  There's no Adam KARNS/etc. in Venango County and no John KARNS/etc. the right age to be our subject's son.

6.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #10 of 22):  Fertig P.O., Pinegrove Twp., Venango Co., PA, Roll M653_1189, p. 409, PN 132/3, 867/867, enumerated 6 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Jas Karns 65 M   Farmer 1100 300 Pa
Mary  " 61 F         "
Sarah " 19 F   House Keeper     "
Henry " 17 M   Farmer     "
Listed between presumed sons, William S. KARNS (æ 38, b. PA, wife Jane) and Adam KARNS (æ 31, b. PA, wife Ann).  There's no Isaac KARNS/etc. in Venango County.

7.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #19 of 23):  Porterfield P.O., Pine Grove Twp., Venango Co., PA, Roll M693_1460, p. 471A, PN 19, 138/124, enumerated 15 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Karns James 74 M W Farmer 1000 713 Pennsylvania
_____ Mary 71 F W Keeping house     Pennsylvania
Swab James 16 M W Works on farm     Pennsylvania
Madocar? Elisabeth 10 F W       Pennsylvania

8.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find Mary.  Did she really die in 1884?

9.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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