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Simon H. FRENCH
Mary CLARK
Husband:  Simon H. FRENCH
Birth:  29 Feb 1764, MD
Death:  26 Feb 1831, Christian Co., KY
Disposition:  buried in the "Brick House Family Cemetery" [French/Askew Family Graveyard], Christian Co., KY
Military:  Revolutionary War:  Col. Roebuck's SC Rgmt.
Father:  Joseph FRENCH, Jr.
Mother:  Hannah HORNE
Marriage:  in or bef. (but not long before) 1790
Wife:  Mary CLARK
Birth:  1773, Broad River, Tryon Co., NC [now Cherokee Co., SC]
Death:  31 Aug 1833, Oak Grove, Christian Co., KY
Disposition:  buried in the "Brick House Family Cemetery" [French/Askew Family Graveyard], Christian Co., KY
Father:  Col. Henry CLARK, Sr.
Mother:  Sarah "Sally" JONES
Children (birth order unknown):
Without knowing most of the birth dates of the surviving children, it's very difficult to accommodate them to the census data.  Please be aware that I probably haven't "got it right."
  1.  (Son A) FRENCH?, b. 1784-90
  2.  (Son B) FRENCH?, b. 1791-92 
  3.  Sarah "Sally" FRENCH
  4.  Susannah "Susan" FRENCH, m. Enoch FRENCH
  5.  Mary Ann FRENCH, m. 17 Jun 1825, Christian Co., KY, Beal MUIR 
  6.  Pinckney FRENCH, b. 1797 
  7.  Lewis FRENCH, b. 1802, Oak Grove, Christian Co., KY; m. Louisa SIMPSON
  8.  Andrew J. FRENCH, b. 1803, Oak Grove, Christian Co., KY 
  9.  William [H. or N.] FRENCH, b. 1810-20?, Oak Grove, Christian Co., KY; m. 29 Mar 1836, Morgan Co., MO, Comfort E. PARKS (b. 1816)
10.  Isaac C. FRENCH, b. 1810-20?; m. 23 Jun 1936, Morgan Co., MO, Nancy MONROE
11.  (Son C) FRENCH?, b. 1825-30

Many southern men with the given name "Pinckney" (often misspelled "Pinkney") were named in honor of (or are descended from someone named in honor of), Charles PINCKNEY and/or his older cousin, Charles Cotesworth PINCKNEY, signers (for South Carolina) of the United States Constitution and champions of southern "traditions," including slavery.  The naming of a child "Pinckney" was often an assertion, or at least an affirmation, of a family's pro-slavery sentiments.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Kentucky, Maryland, South Carolina

Sources:

1.  Family Group Sheet compiled by Georgie Tolleson and Betty Ann (Matthiesen) Cogliati.  Sources cited:
Will of Simon French, Christian Co., KY, Will Book F, p. 422
1850 Censuses of Boone, Calloway, and Morgan Cos., MO
1860 Census of Morgan Co., MO
Christian Co., KY, Marriages
Morgan Co., MO, Marriages
Hopkinsville Gazette, 31 July 1835

2.  Will of Col. Henry Clark, naming daughter:  "Mary French." 

3a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1790 (Broderbund CD-311):
1790 French, Simon SC Pendleton Dist. p. 84 01-01-01-00-00

3b.  South Carolina 1790 Federal Census (online at Ancestry.com):
Georgetown Dist., All Saints Parish, Ninety-Six District, Pendleton County


Name of head of family: French, Simon
Free white males of 16 years and upward, including heads of families: 1
Free white males under 16 years: 1
Free white females, including heads of families: 1
These data indicate:
Gender and Type Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 free white males 16 and over in or before 1774 = Simon (b. 1764)
1 free white males 15 and under 1774-1790 = Son A?
1 free white females all ages in or before 1790 = Mary (b. 1773)
Mary is not in the 1790 census with her parents, so she is presumably married by then, which makes a child by 1790 likely.  For neighbors, see 1790 Census Table

4.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1800 (Broderbund CD-312):  the 1800 KY census was lost, so the 1800 KY tax lists are substituted on the CD.
1800 Tax List French, Simon KY Christian Co.

5a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1810 (Broderbund CD-313).  Please see my WARNING regarding use of the numerical data from this database. 
1810 French, Siman KY Christian Co. p. 107 20110-2110102

5b.  1810 Census Index (online at Ancestry.com):
1810 FRENCH SIMAN Christian County KY p. 107 21101-20110-02
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Andrew (b. 1803)
= Lewis (b. 1802)
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = Pinkney (b. 1797)
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = Son B? (b. 1791/2)
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1765 = Simon (b. 1764)
2 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Susan
= Mary Ann
1 female 16-25 1784-1794 = Sarah
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Mary (b. 1773)
2 slaves all ages in or bef. 1810 = names unknown

6a.  1790-1870 Kentucky Census Index (online at Ancestry.com):
1820 FRENCH SIMON Christian County KY p. 46

6b.  Christian County Genealogical Society.  1995.  Christian County, KY, Census Records, 1820-1830-1840.  Christian Co. Gen. Soc., Hopinsville, KY.
1820 French Simon 200201-01110
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Isaac
= William 
missing! 16-18 1801-1804 = Andrew (b. 1803)
= Lewis (b. 1802)
2 males 19-25* 1794-1801 = Pinkney (b. 1797)
= ?
1 male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Simon (b. 1764)
1 female 10-15 1804-1810 = Susan or Mary Ann
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Susan or Mary Ann
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Mary (b. 1773)
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
What happened to Lewis and Andrew?  They are military age; are they in the service?  Have they been apprenticed out?  Or did the census taker or transcriber make an error?
Where is "Son B" (b. 1791/2)?  He is just old enough to be off on his own.  Or has he mistakenly been placed in the category with Pinkney?
Pinkney did not marry until 1824, so he is at home.
Either Mary is fibbing about her age (not unlikely), or the source giving her birth year as 1773 is wrong.
By 1820, daughter Sally is married and gone to Missouri.  Mary Ann didn't get married  until 1825, so she is at home.  Apparently, Susan hasn't married yet, either.

7.  Christian County Genealogical Society.  1995.  Christian County, KY, Census Records, 1820-1830-1840.  Christian Co. Gen. Soc., Hopinsville, KY.
1830 French Simon 100 110 001 - 000 010 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Son C? or a grandchild?
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = William or Isaac?
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = William or Isaac?
1 male 60-69 1760-1770 = Simon (b. 1764)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Susan?
1 female 50-59 1770-1780 = Mary (b. 1773)
Neither Isaac nor William have yet married, so they are probably the two older males still at home.  Both Sarah and Mary Ann are married, so presumably the young woman is Susan.  Can't figure the youngest male.  This is pushing Mary's fecundity to the limit.  There is always the possiblity of a married child returned home with a baby, with or without their spouse.  Very young children in the home of an older couple are often grandchildren.

8.  Willard Rouse Jillson.  1925.  The Kentucky Land Grants.  Filson Club Publ., Louisville, KY (reprinted 1994 by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD; also online at Ancestry.com):
Grantee County Acres Survey Date Book Watercourse
French, Simon Christian 180  3-26-1799  3 W Fk Red R
French, Simon Christian 200 10-13-1803 10 W Fk Red R
French, Simon Christian 150 10-30-1803 10 W Fk Red R
French, Simon Christian 200 10-03-1804 10 W Fk Red R
French, Simon Christian   6  8-27-1822 K W Fk Red R
French, Simon Christian  28  8-28-1822 K W Fk Red R

9Christian County, Kentucky, Tax Rolls, 1797-1816.  Heritage Quest, Microfilm No. V20-72 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Year District Dates of 
Receiving
Lists
Persons Names 
Chargeable with
the Tax
A B C D E F G Acres Watercourse County In Whose Name
Entered
In Whose Name
Surveyed
In Whose Name
Patented
1st 2nd 3rd
1797 - - French Simon -   - - - - - - 125 - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Legend for numerical data [grey indicates that particular datum was not taken that year]:  A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20; C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses & Mares (gelded male horses and female horses); F = Stud Horses (intact male horses); G = Rate of Covering (stud fee, in dollars); 1st/2nd/3rd refer to 1st Rate, 2nd Rate, or 3rd Rate land.

10a.  A.B. Willhite.  n.d.  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1804-1809.  (self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY):
Pg. in
Willhite
Year Dist.* Last 
Name
First 
Name
A B C D E Acres Watercourse
6 1804 South French Simon 1 - - 2 9 180
150
200
W
W
W
 35 1805 South French Simon 1 - - 2 10 200
150
180
W
W
W
76 1806 South French Simon 1 - 1 2 12 330
200
W
W
121 1807 East French Simon 1 - 2 2  9 180
150
200
W
W
W
164 1808 East French Simon 1 1 1 2 6 137
150
200
100
W
W
W
W
212 1809 East French Simon 1   1 2 6 137
150
200
200
W
W
W
W
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20 (this column not used in 1809);
C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses
Abbreviations:  W = West Fork of the Red River
*The county was divided into just two districts:  from 1804 to 1806, into North and South Districts; and, beginning in 1807, into East and West Districts.  The change tells us that Simon was in the southeast quadrant of early Christian County, which later became the southwest quadrant of Todd Co., when it was formed in 1820.  This location is confirmed by the location of the West Fork of the Red River in today's southwestern Todd Co.
The 16-20 year old male appearing in 1808 implies that the eldest son of Simon has just turned 16, which would mean the lad was born 1791/2.

10b.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1810-1813.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).
Pg. in
Willhite
Year Last 
Name
First 
Name
A B C D E Acres Watercourse
16 1810 French Simon 1   1 2 9 137
150
200
200
W F R R
W F R R
W F R R
W F R R
67 1811 French Simon 1 1 1 2 6 130
150
200
200
W F
W F
W F
W F
117 1812 French Simon 1   1 4 5 200
150
107
W F
W F
W F
168 1813 French Simon 1   1 4 4 137
150
200
W F
W F
W F
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20 (this column used only in 1811);
C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses
Abbreviations:  W F = W F R R = West Fork of Red River
In 1811, the first other FRENCH (a James) appears on the tax rolls of Christian County; he disappears in 1812.

10c.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1814-1818.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).   This book is out of print; I do not have a copy.

10d.  A.B. Willhite.   [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1819-1823.   (Self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY).
Pg. in
Willhite
Year Last 
Name
First 
Name
A B C D Acres Watercourse
22 1819 French Simon 1 4 10 5 137
150
200
W F
W F
W F
88 1820 French Simon 1 3 9 5 200
137
150
W F
W F
W F
130 1821 French Simon 1 3 9 5 137
150
200
W F
W F
W F
174 1822 French Simon 1 3 10 5 137
150
200
-
-
-
217 1823 French Simon 1 3 9 7 137
150
200
W F
W F
W F
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = Blacks over 16; C = Total Blacks; D = Horses
Abbreviations:  W F = West Fork of Red River

11.  Christian County Genealogical Society.  1997.  Christian County, Kentucky, Deed Abstracts of Books G-H-I (1816-1819).  Christian Co. Gen. Soc., Hopkinsville, KY 42240.
p. 92 DBI-14, 10 Oct. 1817, from ELIJAH HAYDEN to SIMON FRENCH, for $300.00, Negro girl named RHODY, age 8 yers. S/ Elijah Hayden, Wit: Henry Goren. Rec. 20 Oct. 1817.

12.  Cemetery Records of Southern Christian Co., KY.  (LDS Fiche #6075676), p. 231:
Askew Cemetery Simon French 29 Feb 1764 - 26 Feb 1831
Askew Cemetery footstone M.F. said to be Simon French's wife, Mary, d. 1833
This is really the "French Cemetery," on the farmstead of Simon French, which was later owned by the Askew's (see next source).

13.  Anon.  1986.  Family Histories:  Christian County, Kentucky, 1797-1986.  Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY.  On p. 63, in an entry fo Barbara Ann BARKER and John Couts ASKEW:
...Mrs Askew was an ardent collector of antique furniture and china and an advocate of preserving old buildings.  Her most challenging project was restoration of the Simon French home on land purchased by her great grandfather, John Walton Barker in 1855.  The house was built in 1796-98 by Mr. French (1764-1831) who obtained the land as a reward for his service in the Revolutionary War.  Known as the Brick House, it reportedly is the oldest brick house in Christian County.  Both Mr. and Mrs. Askew are buried in a family cemetery adjacent to the property, and Simon French and his wife, Mary, are buried nearby.  The house presently is occupied by Mrs. Askew's oldest daughter, Barbarker Askew Haynes (1912) and her husband, Kit H. Haynes...
It would certainly seem to be a misnomer to call the French Family Graveyard the "Askew" Cemetery.  It's unclear from the article whether these constitute one graveyard or two, but if one, it should at least be known as the "French-Askew" Family Graveyard.

14.  Mary Clark's web site:  Genealogy of the Clark Family.

15.  William S. Bryan & Robert Rose.  1876.  Pioneer Families of Missouri.  Bryan, Brand, & Co., St. Louis, MO (reprinted 1992, Southern Historical Press, Greenville, SC; reprinted 1997, Gen. Publ. Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD if you buy a copy, be sure to get the GPC version because the SHP version is bound too tightly and the margins trimmed way too narrow).
p. 329 FRENCH.--William and Simon French were brothers, and lived in South Carolina.  [See William FRENCH's page]...  Simon French, Sr. settled in Christian county, Ky.  His children were -- Lewis, Pinckney, Andrew J., William N., Isaac C., Sally, Susan, and Mary ALewis married Louisa Simpson, of Montgomery county, Mo., and settled in Callaway county in 1821.  Pinckney was married first to Devonia [Deborah] Clark, of Christian county, Kentucky, and settled in Callaway county, Missouri in 1836.  They had -- Henry, Isaac, Edward, and William.  After the death of his first wife, Mr. French married Elizabeth Jones, of Christian county, Ky., and they had Albert and ViginiaAndrew J. French married Sally TowleyWilliam N. married Comfort E. ParksIsaac married Nancy Monroe.  The three last mentioned all settled in Morgan county, Mo.  Sally married her cousin, Hugh French. Susan married
p. 330 Enoch French, of Morgan county, Mo.  Mary A. married Bell Mure, of Christian county, Ky.

16.  Ancestors of Carl Allan Ramsey by Carl Ramsey. [link died, but see WorldConnect]

17.  WorldConnect (online at RootsWeb.com).

18.  Ancestry World Trees (online at Ancestry.com).

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