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Josiah / Joseph DOWNEN / DOWNING
Rebecca MANN
Husband:  Josiah / Joseph DOWNEN / DOWNING / DOWNIN
Birth:  1801/2, Kentucky
Father:  William DOWNEN
Mother:  Margaret ROBINSON
Marriage:  27 Sep 1823, Christian Co., KY
Wife:  Rebecca MANN [the LDS AF says "Rebecca Jane TROXEL"]
Birth:  1804/5, Kentucky
[The children were definitely not all born in De Witt Co., IL, as stated in the LDS Ancestral File.]
  1.  William DOWNEN, b. 21 Aug 1824, KY or IL
  2.  Mary Ann DOWNEN, b. 12 Dec 1825, KY or IL
  3.  Elizabeth DOWNEN, b. 12 Jul 1827, KY or IL
  4.  Mariah DOWNEN, b. 20 Feb 1830, KY or IL
  5.  Sarah DOWNEN, b. 2 Nov 1832, IL
  6.  Josiah DOWNEN, b. 1833/4 or 18 Mar 1835, IL
  7.  Margaret DOWNEN, b. 1835/6 or 5 Jun 1837, IL
  8.  Alfred C. DOWNEN, b. 4 Oct 1839, IL
  9.  Job DOWNEN, b. 18 Sep 1841, De Witt Co., IL
10.  Henry C. DOWNEN, b. 1843/4, De Witt Co., IL
11.  Josephine DOWNEN, b. 1846/7, De Witt Co., IL

Sources (n.b., De Witt Co. was formed in 1839 from Macon and McLean Cos.; Macon Co. was formed in 1829, and there was a census in Macon Co. in 1830; McLean Co. was formed in 1830, but there was no census of McLean Co. in 1830):

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Kentucky Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Downin, Josiah Mann, Rebecca 27 Sep 1823 Christian Co.

2. 1830 Greene Co., IL, Federal Census transcribed by John C. Jacoby.[link died] Microfilm Roll #M19-24, enumerated 27 Nov 1830 (online at USGenWeb Archives Census Project):
Year Page # Line # Last Name First Name Data
1830 42 1 Downing Joseph 010 010 000 - 300 010 000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = William (b. 1824)
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Josiah (b. 1801/2)
3 females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Mariah (b. 1830)
= Elizabeth (b. 1827)
= Mary Ann (b. 1825)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Rebecca (b. 1804/5)
Living two doors down from James Mann.  There was no Joseph or Josiah Downen/Downin/Downing in Macon Co.  There is an Alfred M. Downing on p. 47. 

3.  1840 Census Index (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):
1840 Downing, Josiah IL De Witt Co. p. 31

4.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  T19N R2E, DeWitt Co., IL, p. 431, 485/490, enumerated 12 Dec 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Joseph Downing 48 M farmer 250 Ky
Rebecca 45 F     Ky
Josiah 16 M farmer   Ill
Margaret 14 F     Ill
Alfred C. 11 M     Ill
Job  8 M     Ill
Henry C.  6 M     Ill
Josephine  3 F     Ill

5.   LDS.  Ancestral File and IGI (online).  The AF has Josiah Downen married 17 Sep 1823, Christian Co., KY, to "Rebecca Jane TROXEL."  Was MANN her married name?  In the LDS AF, all the children are shown as born in De Witt Co., but De Witt Co. was not formed until 1839 and the census shows them to be in Greene Co., IL, in 1830.  Are these two couples or one?

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