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Nicholas DALTON, Sr.
Rachel HUNTER
Husband:  Nicholas DALTON, Sr.
Birth:  4 Apr 1770, Rockingham Co., NC
Death:  7 Jan 1838, Rockingham Co., NC
Father:  Samuel DALTON II
Mother:  Charlotte GALLIHUE
Marriage:  24 Jun 1793, Rutherford Co., NC
Wife:  Rachel HUNTER
Birth:  ca. 1774
Death apparently:  1840-50
Father:  Col. James HUNTER
Mother:  Mary McFARLAND
Children born in Rockingham Co., NC:
  1.  Samuel A. "Sam" DALTON, b. 4 May 1794; d. 16 Jun 1874; m. 3 Nov 1824, Rockingham Co., NC, Mary SCALES
  2.  James Hunter DALTON, b. 19 Feb 1796; d. 1886, Patrick Co., VA; m. 16 Aug 1820, Patrick Co., VA, Nancy CRITZ, d/o Capt. Haman CRITZ & Anne "Nancy" DALTON; 1850 Census, Patrick Co., VA
  3.  Mary McFarland DALTON, b. 14 Feb 1798; d. 11 Apr 1845; m. 18 May 1819, Rockingham Co., NC, Gabriel CRITZ
  4.  Charlotte Gallihue DALTON, b. 27 Oct 1799; m. 15 Aug 1817, Rockingham Co., NC, James Pleasant SCALES
  5.  Ewell Gallihue DALTON, b. 9 Dec 1801; d. 6 Mar 1895; m. 16 Jul 1929, Rockingham Co., NC, Sarah "Sally" STRONG
  6.  Robert Hunter DALTON, b. 21 Feb 1805; d. 1901; m. 6 Jan 1832, Jane Martin HENDERSON
  7.  Nancy Kenner DALTON, b. 7 Feb 1808; m. 19 Oct 1833, John Julius MARTIN
  8.  Leander Hughes DALTON, b. 25 Sep 1809; d. 11 Feb 1891; m. N. Matilda STOVALL
  9.  Elizabeth DALTON, b. 7 Mar 1811; d. 1864; m. Richard CARDWELL
10.  John Hunter DALTON, b. 1 Feb 1813; m. 14 May 1846, Rockingham Co., NC, Mary Cecelia HOUSTON
11.  Susan DALTON, b. 3 Mar 1815; m. Alexander SEARCY
12.  Nicholas DALTON, Jr., b. 26 Aug 1817; d. 18 Sep 1862; m. 3 Nov 1842, Rockingham Co., NC, Elizabeth SCALES
13.  Pleasant Hunter DALTON, b. 4 Mar 1821; m. Elizabeth Mitchell CARTER
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, North Carolina, Virginia

Sources:

1a.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  KY, NC, TN, VA, WV Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Dalton, Nicholas Hunter, Rachel 24 Jun 1793 Rockingham Co., NC
Critz, Gabriel Dalton, Mary 18 May 1819 Rockingham Co., NC
Dalton, John Critz, Nancy  1 Aug 1820 Patrick Co., VA
Dalton, Samuel A. Scales, Mary  3 Nov 1824 Rockingham Co., NC
Dalton, Nicholas Scales, Elizabeth  3 Nov 1842 Rockingham Co., NC
"John" is "James" in the 1850 census.

1b.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Pleasant SCALES
Spouse: Charlotte G. DALTON
Marriage: 15 Aug 1817, Rockingham, North Carolina
Source: An Index to Marriage Bonds Filed in the North Carolina State Archives. North Carolina. Division of Archives and History.

2.  1800 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #38 of 48; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1800 NC Rockingham Co. Roll M32_32 p. 671 Ln. 9 Nicholas Dolton 20110-20110-0/10/
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1790-1800 = James (b. 1796)
= Samuel (b. 1794)
1 male 16-25 1774-1784 = ?
1 male 26-44 1755-1774 = Nicholas (b. 1770) 
2 females 9 or under 1790-1800 = Charlotte (b. 1799)
= Mary (b. 1798)
1 female 16-25 1774-1784 = ?
1 female 26-44 1755-1774 = Rachel
10 slaves all ages in or bef. 1800 = ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

3.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #42 of 65; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1810 NC Rockingham Co. Roll M252_43 p. 215 Ln. 11 Nicholas Dalton 31110-12010-0/13/
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Leander (b. 1809)
= Robert (b. 1805)
= Ewell (b. 1801)
1 male 10-15 1794-1800 = James (b. 1796)
1 male 16-25 1784-1794 = Samuel (b. 1794)
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = Nicholas (b. 1770)
1 female 9 or under 1800-1810 = Nancy (b. 1808) 
2 females 10-15 1794-1800 = Charlotte (b. 1799)
= Mary (b. 1798)
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Rachel
13 slaves all ages in or bef. 1810 = ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

4.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #7 of 39; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 NC Rockingham Co. Roll M33_82 p. 590-591 Ln. 31 Nicholas Dalton 221301-21101-0-900 1202-5403
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 white males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Nicholas (b. 1817)
= John (b. 1813)
2 white males 10-15 1804-1810 = Leander (b. 1809)
= Robert (b. 1805)
1 white male 16-18 1801-1804 = Ewell (b. 1801)
2 white males 19-25* 1794-1801 = James (b. 1796)
= Samuel (b. 1794)
1 white male 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Nicholas (b. 1770)
2 white females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Susan (b. 1815)
= Elizabeth (b. 1811)
1 white female 10-15 1804-1810 = Nancy (b. 1808)
1 white female 16-25 1794-1804 = ?
1 white female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = Rachel
9 people engaged in agriculture
1 male slave 13 and under 1806-1820 = ?
2 male slaves 14-25 1794-1806 = ? ?
2 male slaves 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = ? ?
5 female slaves 13 and under 1806-1820 = ? ? ? ? ?
4 female slaves 14-25 1794-1806 = ? ? ? ?
3 female slaves 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = ? ? ?
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
Listed eight lines below Rachel's father, Col. James HUNTER.

5.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #25 of 34; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 NC Rockingham Co. Roll M19_124 p. 335 Ln. 21 Nicholas Dalton 011 110 001 - 001 201 010 852020-332120 010100-000100
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 5-9 1820-1825 = Pleasant (b. 1821)
1 white male 10-14 1815-1820 = Nicholas (b. 1817)
1 white male 15-19 1810-1815 = John (b. 1813)
1 white male 20-29 1800-1810 = Robert? (b. 1805)
1 white male 60-69 1760-1770 = Nicholas (b. 1770)
1 white female 10-14 1815-1820 = Susan (b. 1815)
2 white females 15-19 1810-1815 = Elizabeth (b. 1811)
= Nancy (b. 1808)
1 white female 30-39 1790-1800 = ?
1 white female 50-59 1770-1780 = Rachel 
 
8 male slaves 9 or under 1820-1830 = ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
5 male slaves 10-23 1806-1820 = ? ? ? ? ?
2 male slaves 24-35 1794-1806 = ? ?
2 male slaves 55-99 1730-1775 = ? ?
3 female slaves 9 or under 1820-1830 = ? ? ?
3 female slaves 10-23 1806-1820 = ? ? ?
2 female slaves 24-35 1794-1806 = ? ?
1 female slave 36-54 1775-1794 = ?
2 female slaves 55-99 1730-1775 = ? ?
 
1 male free colored 10-23 1806-1820 = ?
1 male free colored 36-54 1775-1794 = ?
1 female free colored 36-54 1775-1794 = ?
Listed 13 lines below son, James DALTON.

6.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #21-22 of 116; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 NC Rockingham Co. Roll M704_369 pp. 134B-135A Ln. 4 Rachael Dalton 100 231 - 210 001 001 840220-810320 0908000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 4 or under 1835-1840 = grandson
2 white males 15-19 1820-1825 = ?
= Pleasant (b. 1821)
3 white males 20-29 1810-1820 = Nicholas (b. 1817)
= John (b. 1813)
= ?
1 white male 30-39 1800-1810 = son-in-law or son
2 white females 4 or under 1835-1840 = granddaughters
1 white female 5-9 1830-1835 = granddaughter
1 white female 30-39 1800-1810 = daughter or daughter-in-law
1 white female 60-69 1770-1780 = Rachel
 
8 male slaves 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
4 male slaves 10-23 1816-1830 = ? ? ? ?
2 male slaves 36-54 1785-1804 = ? ?
2 male slaves 55-99 1740-1785 = ? ?
8 female slaves 9 or under 1830-1840 = ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
1 female slave 10-23 1816-1830 = ?
3 female slaves 36-54 1785-1804 = ? ? ?
2 female slaves 55-99 1740-1784 = ? ?
9 persons employed in agriculture
8 persons employed in manufacture and trades

7.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Rachel not found.

8.  A File from the Archives of USGenWeb (online at RootsWeb.com [link died]; submitted by Robin Taylor).  This particular archive consists of articles about historic homes in Rockingham County, North Carolina, written by Anne Pearl Pratt Van Noppen and published in 1950 in The Messenger.  One of the articles, entitled "Green Valley," included genealogical information about the DALTON and PRICE families.  Quoting from that article (boldface added):
Six generations of the Dalton family have lived at this settlement.  The first was Samuel, who married Anne Dandridge Red of Orange County, VA.  Attracted by the milder climate of North Carolina, they moved to this location in the early 1700's.  Their son, Samuel Dalton, married a Miss Ewell.  Their son, Nicholas, married Rachel Hunter, daughter of Colonel James Hunter.  Their [Nicholas & Rachel's] twelve children were: Sam, James, John, Nicholas, Robert, Ewell, Leander, Pleasant, Charlotte, who married James Scales, Nancy who married Thomas Roseboro and Elizabeth, who married Richard Cardwell...

The first Samuel Dalton to live in this community was a fabulous figure.  He lived in three centuries, being born in 1699 and living until 1802.  He is said to have owned 150,000 acres of land.  Four of his great-grandchildren lived until the ripe age of 90 or more.  Dr. Robert Dalton was 95, Ewell was 92.  Lee was 93.  Mrs. Charlotte Dalton Scales was 93.  Two of this family were professional men, Dr. Robert Dalton and the Rev. Pleasant Dalton, a Presbyterian minister.  The others were farmers and manufacturers of tobacco, successful business men, owning slaves and amassing wealth.

9.  The Y-Chromosome-DNA DALTON America Surname Project.  Male DALTONs are strongly encouraged to participate in this project.

10.  DALTONs (online at geneajourney.com).

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