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(George) Adam CUPP
Ms. __?__
Elizabeth ARNOLD
NOTE:  The children's names and ages vary wildly from census to census, so I'm perplexed how to arrange them.  It's going to take more than the censuses to straighten them out, so consider the arrangement highly tentative.
Husband:  (George) Adam CUPP / KOPP
Birth:  4 Mar 1797 or 1800-1810, PA
Death:  6 Mar 1890, presumably in York Co., PA
Disposition:  buried Evangelical Cemetery, Chanceford Twp., York Co., PA
Occupation:  laborer, farmer

Given the fact that Adam's birthyear is different in nearly every record given for him, it appears he may not have known the exact year he was born, which was not that unusual for the time.  Either that or we have a case of age inflation, pushing his birthyear back to 1797 on his tombstone.  A birthyear of 1800 is more likely (see 1830 and 1840 censuses).

Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Ms. __?__
Birth:  1800-1810
Death:  1839/40, presumably York Co., PA
Marriage-2:  said to be Jun 1825, but cannot be unless the 1840 census, showing Adam to be a widower, is in error.
Wife:  Elizabeth ARNOLD may not be her maiden name
Birth:  23 May 1801, PA
Death:  14 May 1875, presumably York Co., PA
Other Spouses:  may have had an earlier spouse surnamed ARNOLD
Occupation:  homemaker
Children with Wife-1:
.  Rebecca CUPP, b. 1827/8
Margaret CUPP, b. 1828/9 
.  Annie CUPP, b. 1830-35
.  John W. CUPP, b. 1831/2 or 1835/6
Jacob W. CUPP, b. 1834/5 or 19 Aug 1836; d. 25 Feb 1925 
.  Eve CUPP, b. 1835-40
.  Catharine CUPP, b. 1839/40
Child with Elizabeth ARNOLD:
.  Elijah "Eli" CUPP, b. 1848/49/50


Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  AIS (Accelerated Index System) 1820 Census Index (online at Ancestry.com):  not found in Chanceford Twp., York Co., PA.

3.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #3 of 16; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 PA York Co. Upper Chanceford Twp. p. 470 Adam Kup 000 010 - 200 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Adam
2 females 4 or under 1825-1830 = Margaret (b. 1828/9)
= Rebecca (b. 1827/8)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Wife-1
Listed three lines above Michael ARNOLD.

4.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #13 of 16; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 PA York Co. Chanceford Twp. p. 307B? Cup Adam 110 001 - 112 000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = Jacob (b. 1834/35/36)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = John W. (b. 1831/32/35/36)
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Adam
1 female 4 or under 1835-1840 = Eve
1 female 5-9 1830-1835 = Annie
2 females 10-14 1825-1830 = Margaret (b. 1828/9)
= Rebecca (b. 1827/8)
Elizabeth ARNOLD is supposedly Adam's one-and-only wife, but unless this is census-taker error, he is clearly a widower and thus had at least two wives.  The youngest daughter, Catherine (b. 1839/40) is missing from the household, but as an infant (whose mother probably died giving birth to her), we would expect her to be in the care of some related woman, most likely his wife's mother or a sister.  The toddlers would be old enough for the older girls to manage, but not an infant, and especially not a newborn.  The other possibility, of course, is that the Adam in 1830 and 1840 is a different Adam than the one in 1850, 1860, and 1880, but that proposition creates worse problems than it solves.  A more viable alternative is that, because of a difficult childbirth, Elizabeth is living with her mother or a sister until she and the baby are stonger.  There are numerous ELIUS's in the neighborhood (daughter Margaret married an ELLIAS).

5.  1850 Census Index/Microfilm (online at GenealogyLibrary.com):  Chanceford Township, York Co., PA, p. 243B, 247/256, enumerated 31 Dec 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Adam Cupp 43 M Labourer 400 Penna
Elizabeth " 48 F       "
John      " 18 M Labourer     "
Jacob     " 15 M Ditto     "
Eli       "  1 M       "
Rebecca   " 22 F       "
Catharine " 10 F       "
The children are out of order because this enumerator placed males before females.  The older children are Adam's from his first marriage.  Eli is the only child of Adam & Elizabeth, together.  The nine-year gap between Eli and Catharine supports that there were two wives.

6a.  Census Index:  U.S. Selected Counties, 1860 (Broderbund CD-318):
1860 Coess, Adam PA York Co. Chanceford Twp. p. 389

6b.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #21 of 57):  Chanceford P.O., Chanceford Twp., York Co., PA, p. 390, PN 21, 146/149, enumerated 28 Jul 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Adam Coep/Colp 60 M   Farmer 700 150 Penna
Elizabeth " 49 F         "
John      " 24 M   Laborer     "
Eve       " 19 F   Domestic     "
Catharine " 17 F   "     "
Elijah    " 10 M         "
This enumerator often made his lower case L's very small.  There is a Catharine COLP (age 18, b. PA) enumerated in Chanceford Twp. as living in the household of John ARNOLD (image 52, p. 418).  As a domestic, it is probable that Catherine got enumerated twice, once at home and once in the home of her "employer," who is probably Elizabeth's kin.

7.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com; Image #51 of 65):  Bald Eagle P.O., Chanceford Twp., York Co., PA, Roll 1468 (Book 1), p. 236B, PN 50, 409/402, enumerated 17 Sep 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Cupp Jacob 34 M W Farmer 1200 500 Penna
____ Sophia 26 F W Keeping house     "
____ Alfred 10 M W       "
____ M A  8 F W       "
____ Catharine  6 F W       "
____ Elizabeth  3 F W       "
____ Amos 8/12 M W       "
____ Adam 72 M W Laborer   100 "

8a.  1880 United States Census and National Index (LDS Family History Resource File: CD-ROM Library):
Census Place: Chanceford, York, Pennsylvania
Source: FHL Film #1255208; NARA Film #T9-1208; Pg 618B
  Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace Occupation Fa Mo
Benjamin ELLIAS Self M M W 55 PA Farmer PA PA
Margaret ELLIAS Wife F M W 51 PA Keeping House PA PA
[Benjamin & Margaret's five children]
John ELLIAS Brother M S W 72 PA Laborer PA PA
Adams CUPP FatherL M W W 81 PA Laborer PA PA

8b.  1880 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #12 of 31):  in checking the image of the above record, it's "Adam," not "Adams," and Margaret's age could just as easily be 37 as 51 (in fact, it looks slightly more like 37 than 51).  As Margaret does not appear in the 1850/60 censuses, the later birthdate would make more sense in that regard, but then, Elizabeth would have been having a child at age 51/2, which is unlikely.  It would help if I could find Benjamin ELIAS in the 1860 census of York Co., but I can't, which increases the probablity that Margaret was his second wife.

9.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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