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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
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Elihu COLE
Matilda LOWERY
Martha Ann __?__
Husband:  Elihu COLE
Birth:  1820/1, AL
Military Service:  Civil War:  Pvt., Co. G., 16th Rgmt. (Flournoy's), Texas Vol. Inf., CSA
Marriage-1:  24 Jan 1846, Montgomery Co., AR
Wife:  Matilda LEMMONS or Matilda (__?__) LEMMONS
Birth:  1824/5, TN
Occupation:  homemaker
Siblings(?)/Children(?):  William H. LEMMONS, b. 1839/40, TN; Charles P. LEMMONS, b. 1841/2, TN
Marriage-2:  8 Sep 1851, Montgomery Co., AR
Wife-2:  Matilda LOWERY
Marriage-3:  by 1860
Wife-3:  Martha Ann __?__
Children with Matilda LEMMONS born in Montgomery Co., AR:
1.  Thomas Jefferson COLE, b. 1844/5
2.  Larkin Granville COLE, b. 16 Dec 1848; d. 12 Apr 1939, Enville, Love Co., OK
Children with Matilda LOWERY or Martha Ann born in TX:
3.  Alexander COLE
4.  California COLE
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States


1.  Arkansas County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 (online at FamilySearch.org):
Elihu Cole Matilda Lemmons 24 Jan 1846 Montgomery Co.
Elihu Cole Matilda Lowery  8 Sep 1851 Montgomery Co.

2.  1850 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #9 of 14):  Sulphur Spring Twp., Montgomery Co., AR, Roll M432_28, p. 397A, 59/59, enumerated 24 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Elihu Cole 29 M   Farmer   Ala
Matilda " 25 F       Tenn
Thomas J "  5 M       Ark
Larkin Granville "  2 M       "
Wm H Lemmons 10 M       Tenn
Charles P "  8 M       "
My original take on this record was that William and Charles were Matilda's younger siblings, but some secondary sources say they are her children.  If so, LEMMONS is not her maiden name.

3.  Texas, County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 (online at Ancestry.com):
Elihu COLE in Bell Co., TX, in 1852, 1855, 1857

4.  1860 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #5-6 of 8):  Bastrop & Cedar Creek P.O., Precinct No. 12, Bastrop Co., TX, Roll M653_1288, p. 292A-292B, PN 105-106, 795/745, enumerated 12/13 Sep 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
ElizaCale 40 F   Farm L 100 Tenn
[next page]
Martha Cale 38 F       Miss
Jefferson " 13 M       Ark
Larkin    " 13 M       "
Alexander "  8 M       Texas
Calafornia "  2 F       "
C P Lemmans 18 M   D Laborer   Mo
This is almost certainly the most screwed up census record I've ever seen; nevertheless, I do believe these are our subjects, and the keys are Larkin and C.P. LEMMONS.

1870 U.S. Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #

U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865.  National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (online at www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ and Ancestry.com):
Name Elihu Cole
Side Confederate
Regiment State/Origin Texas
Regiment name 16th Regiment, Texas Infantry (Flournoy's)
Company G
Rank In Private
Rank Out Private
Film Number M227 roll 7

 .  Texas, Muster Roll Index Cards, 1838-1900 (online at Ancestry.com):
Name & Rank Cole, Elihu, Pvt.
Comm Off Moore, Fred W., Capt.
Organ Co. G, TVI, Flournoy's Regt., CSA
Enlist Mar. 28 - 62 at Austin for the war
Descrip Age 41
Remarks R&F 102, 115; En. Off. Capt. Moore; Mus. Off. Co. Geo. Flournoy; 1 mus. roll dtd. Mar. 15 - 62 & 1 copy of roll compiled by Fred Carleton.
TVI = Texas Volunteer Infantry; "for the war" means he enlisted for the duration of the war.
If he was age 41 when he enlisted in 1862, he was born 1820/1.

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