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William M. BROWN, Sr.
Ms. __?__
Eliza __?__
Husband:  William M. BROWN, Sr.
Birth:  1790, CT
Death:  1863, Cold Spring, Cattaraugus Co., NY
Occupation:  farmer
Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Ms. __?__
Birth:  ca. 1794, NY
Death:  ca. 1822

Given the age-gap between William and Eliza, we would immediately suspect there was an earlier wife.  Given the older children, plus the gap between Norman and William (Jr.), plus the lack of children under five years of age in the 1830 census, it's hard to avoid the conclusion that William had to have had an earlier wife.

Marriage-2:  ca. 1830
Wife-2:  Eliza __?__
Birth:  1801/2, Canada
Death:  in or aft. 1880
Occupation:  homemaker
Parents:  born in NH
Children with Wife-1:
.  (Son A) BROWN, b. 1810-20; d. bef. 1830
.  (Daughter A) BROWN, b. 1815-20
.  (Daughter B) BROWN, b. 1820-25
.  (Daughter C) BROWN, b. 1820-25
Norman B. BROWN, b. 1821/2, Chautauqua Co., NY
Children with Eliza:
born in Portland, Chautauqua Co., NY:
William M. BROWN, Jr., b. 1831 

born in Chautauqua or Cattauraugus Co., NY:
.  (Daughter D) BROWN, b. 1830-35
.  Jane BROWN, b. 1834/5
.  Charles BROWN, b. 1835/6
.  George BROWN, b. 1838/9

born in Cattauraugus Co., NY
.  Hiram L. BROWN, b. 1841/2
.  James F. BROWN, b. 1842
.  Frances Melissa BROWN, b. 1847/8

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York

Sources (n.b., Chautauqua and Cattaraugus Cos. were formed from Genesee Co. in 1808):

1.  Marriage Record:

2a.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #3 of 11; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 NY Chautauqua Co. Chautauqua Town p. 42 Ln. 14 William Brown 000010-00100-0-100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = William (b. 1790)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Wife-1 (b. ca. 1794) or Eliza (b. 1801/2)
1 person engaged in agriculture

2b.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5 of 6; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1820 NY Chautauqua Co. Portland p. 133 Ln. 19 Munson Brown 100110-10101-0-001
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 9 or under 1810-1820 = Son A
1 male 19-25* 1794-1801 = brother? brother-in-law?
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = William? Munson (b. 1790)
1 female 9 or under 1810-1820 = Daughter A (b. 1815-20)
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Wife-1 (b. ca. 1794) or Eliza (b. 1801/2)
1 female 45 or over in or bef. 1775 = mother? mother-in-law?
1 person engaged in manufacture
*In the 1820 Census, the third column is age class 16-18 and the fourth column is age class 16-25; therefore, any individual in column three is duplicated in column four.  By subtracting the number in column three from the number in column four, you can create an age class "19-25."
Is Munson our subject's middle name?  The male in his teens/20s is too old to be William's son.  Listed five lines from Samuel MUNSON.

2.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #27 of 30 indexed as being in "Westfield," but there is nothing on the pages, themselves, that I can see indicating anything other than Chatauqua County; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 NY Chautauqua Co. Westfield? p. 486 Ln. 15 William M Brown 010 020 - 021 010
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 5-9 1820-1825 = Norman (b. 1821/2)
2 males 20-29 1800-1810 = ?
= ?
0 males 30-39 1790-1800 = William (b. 1790)
2 females 5-9 1820-1825 = Daughter C
= Daughter B 
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Daughter A
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Eliza (b. 1801/2) 
William is in the wrong age class, yet it's hard to doubt this record is our subject, especially if the birthplace of William Jr. is as asserted (Portland is near Westfield).  The fact that there are no children under five in the household suggests William and Eliza are newlyweds and that the children shown are by a former wife.

3.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 7; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 NY Cattaraugus Co. Cold Spring Twp. pp. 91B-92A William M Brown 110 100 100 - 020 101 000 0102000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = George (b. 1838/9)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Charles (b. 1835)
1 male 15-19 1820-1825 = Norman (b. 1821/2)
1 male 40-49 1790-1800 = William (b. 1790)
2 females 5-9 1830-1835 = Jane (b. 1834/5)
= Daughter D
1 female 15-19 1820-1825 = Daughter C
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Eliza (b. 1801/2)
1 person engaged in agriculture
2 persons engaged in manufactures and trades
Listed 6 lines from Ephraim BROWN.

4a.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 14):  South Valley, Cattaraugus Co., NY, p. 9A, 5/5, enumerated 18 Jul 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
William M. Brown 60 M   Farmer   Conn
Eliza Brown 48 F       Canada
Charles Brown 14 M       New York
George Brown 11 M       "
Hiram Brown  8 M       "
James Brown  8 M       "
Melissa Brown  2 F       "
Jane Brown 15 F       "
I'm assuming Jane is out of order by accident.  Living two doors from William's son, Norman BROWN. 

4b.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5 of 15):  Cold Spring, Cattaraugus Co., NY, pp. 3A-3B, 33/37, enumerated 16 Jul 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen).  For the full record, see David WRIGHT's family group sheet
David Wright 31 M   Farmer   New York
[David's wife and children]
[next page]
William Brown 18 M   Lumberman   New York

5a.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1-2 of 20):  Randolph & East Randolph P.O., Cold Spring, Cattaraugus Co., NY, pp. 657-658, PN 1-2, 138/137, enumerated 25 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
William M Brown 28 M   Lumberman 1200 2500 New York
Emeline Brown 27 F   Housewife     Do
Frank Brown  3 M         Do
Grace Brown  1 F         Do
[next page]
Hamilton Robb 23 M   Mill Laborer     Penn
Charles Cooper 19 M   Do     New York
John Mattoon 20 M   Do     Do
William Brown 69 M   Farmer     Connecticutt
Thaddeus S Van Scoter 16 M   Mill Laborer     New York
Living next door to William's wife, Eliza BROWN (see next record).

5b.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 20):  Randolph & East Randolph P.O., Cold Spring, Cattaraugus Co., NY, p. 657, PN 1, 137/136, enumerated 25 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Eliza Brown 55 M   Housewife     Canada
Hiram L Brown 18 M   Mill Laborer     New York
James F Brown 17 M   Do     Do
Frances M Brown 12 F         Do
Living next door to Eliza's husband, William M. BROWN, Sr., who is living with their son, William M. BROWN, Jr.

6.  1870 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com):  William is deceased.  Eliza not found, and I checked every line of Cold Spring and Randolph, though I did find son, William M. BROWN, Jr., in Randolph.

7.  1880 United States Census and National Index (LDS Family History Resource File: CD-ROM Library):
Census Place: Cold Spring, Cattaraugus, New York
Source: FHL Film 1254811; NARA Film T9-0811; Pg 88A
  Relation Sex Marr Race Age Birthplace Occupation Fa Mo
William FAY Self M M W 38 NY Farms NY NY
[William's wife and children]
Eliza BROWN Other F W W 75 CANADA House Keeper NH NH

8.  William Adams, ed. 1893. Historical Gazeteer & Biographical Memorial of Cattaraugus Co., with Map and Illustrations.  Lyman, Horton, & Co., Syracuse, NY.  1164 pp.  (facsimile reprint in 1995 by Higginson Books, Salem, MA).  On p. 1042:
Town of Randolph
ABSTRACT of Biographical Sketch:
1. William M. BROWN, Sr. - b. Connecticut; settler of both South Valley and Cold Spring; d. 1863, Cold Spring
    +?
    1. William M. BROWN, Jr. - b. 1830, Portland, Chautauqua Co., NY; 1870, Sheriff of Cattaraugus Co.; Supervisor of Cold Spring for 6 years
        +Emeline M. WOODWORTH, d/o Madison WOODWORTH of Cold Spring; m. 1855; had four children
    2. Norman BROWN

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