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Matthew ADAMS
Esther BARNETT
Catherine FERGUSON
Husband:  Matthew ADAMS
Birth:  1767, VA
Death:  before 23 Feb 1836, Izard Co., AR
Father:  James ADAMS
Mother:  Agnes WILSON
Marriage-1:  1 Apr 1788, Lincoln Co., VA [now KY]
Wife-1:  Esther BARNETT
Marriage-2:  6 Nov 1802, Christian Co., KY
Wife-2:  Catherine FERGUSON
Birth:  1770-80
Death:  1841, Liberty Twp., Pope Co., AR
Children with Esther BARNETT:
  1.  James ADAMS, b. 1790; d. 6 Nov 1818, Lawrence Co., Missouri Terr.
  2.  (Daughter A) ADAMS, b. ca. 1792
  3.  Robert ADAMS, b. 1794, KY; d. ca. 1857, Searcy Co., AR; m. 3 Jan 1814, Hopkins Co., KY, Cynthia CATES
  4.  Elizabeth "Betsy" ADAMS, b. 1796
  5?  Matthew ADAMS, Jr., b. 1799
Children with Catherine FERGUSON:
  5.  Mary "Polly" ADAMS, b. 1803
  6.  Ann H. ADAMS, b. 1805; d. 1840-50; m. ca. 1825, Edmund B. TYLER (20 Jun 1802 - 1 Aug 1881)
  7.  Agnes ADAMS, b. 11 Jan 1807
  8.  Juliet ADAMS, b. 1800-1810
  9.  (Daughter B) ADAMS, b. 1800-1810
10.  (Son A) ADAMS, b. 1815-20
11.  Catherine ADAMS, b. 1821

For Catherine FERGUSON to have been Catherine ADAMS's mother, the former had to be at the youngest age in her age ranges in the censuses.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Arkansas, Kentucky, Virginia

Sources (n.b., Kentucky was formed in 1792 from Virginia; Logan Co. was formed in 1792 from Lincoln Co.; Christian Co. was formed in 1797 from Logan Co.; Lawrence Co. was formed in 1815 from New Madrid Co. in Missouri Territory; Arkansas Territory was formed in 1819 from Missouri Territory; Independence Co. was formed in 1820 from Lawrence and Arkansas Cos.; Izard Co. was formed in 1825 from Independence and Fulton Cos.; Marion Co. was formed in 1836 from Izard Co.; Searcy Co. was formed in 1838 from Marion Co.)

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1993.  Kentucky Marriages:  Early to 1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-229):
Adams, Matthew Barnett, Ester Apr 1, 1788 Lincoln Co.
Adams, Matthew Ferguson, Catherine Nov 6, 1802 Christian Co.
Adams, Robert Cates, Sintha Jan 3, 1814 Hopkins Co.
Kentucky did not become a state until 1792, so when Matthew married Ester, it was Lincoln Co., VA, not KY.

2.  1790 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  the VA census was lost.

3.  1800 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  the KY census was lost.

4.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 11 indexed "Mattie Adamy"; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1810 KY Hopkins Co. Madisonville Roll 6 p. 372/487 Ln. 3 Mattw Adams 00210-51110-01
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 16-25 1784-1794 =? Matthew (b. 1799)
= Robert (b. 1794)
= James (b. 1790)
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = Matthew (b. 1767)
5 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Daughter B
= Juliet
= Agnes (b. 1807)
= Ann (b. 1805)
= Polly (b. 1803)
1 female 10-15 1794-1800 = Elizabeth (b. 1796)
1 female 16-25 1784-1794 = Daughter A (b. ca. 1792)
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Catherine
1 slaves all ages by 1810 = ?
Which of the three sons is not living at home?  Or did the enumerator err?  Or is Matthew ADAMS, Jr., not his son?  Also in Madisonville, James ADAMS (æ 45+), Robert ADAMS (æ 25-45), and Thomas ADAMS (æ 24-45).

5.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, but our subject is said to have moved to what was Missouri Territory in 1817.  Even though Arkansas Territory was formed in 1819, there was no Arkansas (or Missouri) territorial census in 1820.

6.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1-2 of 16; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1830 Arkansas Territory Izard Co. Roll 5 pp. 105B-106A Ln. 1 Matthew Adams Sr 001 000 001 - 110 020 001 010000-010000
These data indicate:
No., Race, Gender Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 white male 10-14 1815-1820 = Son A
1 white male 60-69 1760-1770 = Matthew (b. 1767) 
1 white female 4 or under 1825-1830 = granddaughter?
1 white female 5-9 1820-1825 = Catherine (b. 1821)
2 white females 20-29 1800-1810 = Daughter B?
= Juliet?
1 white female 60-69 1760-1770 = Catherine 
 
1 male slave 10-23 1806-1820 = ?
1 female slave 10-23 1806-1820 = ?
Catherine's age has to be wrong here and correct in 1840 because, otherwise, she is too old to be Catherine's mother.  Listed nine lines from Matthew ADAMS, Jr. (æ 30-40; b. 1790-1800), who is eight lines from their son-in-law, Edmund TYLER.  Also in Izard County:  Jesse ADAMS, Sr., John ADAMS, Peter F. ADAMS, and Robert ADAMS, Sr.

7.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 4; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1840 AR Pope Co. Liberty Twp. Roll 19 p. 139A Ln. 6 Edmund Tyler 111 001 - 001 001 001 [second page missing]
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1835-1840 = son TYLER
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = son TYLER
1 male 10-14 1825-1830 = son TYLER
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = Edmund TYLER (b. 1802)
1 female 10-14 1825-1830 = daughter TYLER
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Ann (ADAMS) TYLER (b. 1805)
1 female 60-69 1770-1780 = Catherine (FERGUSON) ADAMS

8.  Anon.  1990.  Logan County, Kentucky, Taxpayers, 1792-1799.  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL:
Year Name
1792-94 [not found]
1795 Adams, Matthew
1796 Adams, Matthew
1797 Adams, Matthew
1798 [list non-existant]
1799 [not found]
Matthew is not found in Logan County in 1798 because Christian County was formed in 1797.  The only other ADAMS found in any year is Alexander ADAMS in 1799.

9.  Anon.  1991.  The 1795 Census of Kentucky [as constructed from tax lists].  T.L.C. Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL (said to include every extant tax list from every county existing in the state of Kentucky in 1795):
Pg Name County
2 Adams, Matthew Logan
Adams, Matthew Madison
These are the only Matthew ADAMS'es on the list.

10.  A.B. Willhite.  [n.d.]  Christian Co., Kentucky, Tax List, 1804-1809.  (self-published; available from author at 4396 Coopertown Rd., Russellville, KY 42276, or from the Christian County Genealogical Society, Hopkinsville, KY):
Pg. in
Willhite
Year Dist.* Last
Name
First
Name
A B C D E Acres Watercourse
15 1804 North Adams Matthew 1 - 2 2 4 200 West Fork of Red River
- 1805 [records missing]
69 1806 South Adams Matthew 1 - - - 6 300 West Fork of Red River
114 1807 East Adams Matthew 1 1 -
-
4 400 West Fork of Red River
155 1808 East Adams Matthew 1 1 - - 7 830? West Fork and Elk Fork of Red River
- 1809 [not found, which is consistent with their move to Hopkins County]
Legend for numerical data:
A = White Males 21 or over; B = White Males 16-20 (this column not used in 1809);
C = Blacks over 16; D = Total Blacks; E = Horses
Abbreviations:  W = WF = W F R R = WF Red R = West Fork of the Red River
*The county was divided into just two districts:  from 1804 to 1806, into North and South Districts; and from 1807 to 1809, into East and West Districts.  The change tells us that Matthew was in the southeast quadrant of early Christian County, which later became the southwest quadrant of Todd Co., when it was formed in 1820.  This location is confirmed by the location of the West Fork of the Red River in today's southwestern Todd Co.
In 1804:  also on WFRR:  James ADAMS; also in Christian County:  Jesse ADAMS, Alexander ADAMS, and Robert ADAMS.
In 1806:  also on WFRR:  James ADAMS and Robert ADAMS; also in Christian County:  Jesse ADAMS, et al.
In 1807:  also on WFRR:  Matthew ADAMS, James ADAMS, James ADAMS, Jr., Robert ADAMS; also in Christian County:  Jesse ADAMS, et al.
In 1808:  also on WFRR:  James ADAMS, Jr., Robert ADAMS.  Also in Christian County:  Jesse ADAMS, et al.
Also in 1808, Matthew ADAMS and Jacob W. WALKER, are administrators of the estate of Alexander ADAMS, which consists of 200 acres on the Elk Fork and 300 acres on the West Fork of Red River.

11.  Karr Shannon.  1947.  A History of Izard County, Arkansas.  Democrat Printing and Lithographing Co., Little Rock, AR (online at Ancestry.com):
p. 13 The first county officials of the county were J.P. Houston,
p. 14 clerk; John Adams, sheriff.  These two men were elected in 1825 to serve terms of two years.  Both were re-elected in 1827.  No other offices appeared until 1829 when Matthew Adams was chosen judge and H.C. Roberts coroner.  J.P. Houston and John Adams were elected to a third term to their respective offices.  Jesse Adams became clerk in 1830 and served two terms...

12.  Messages posted to the Adams Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

13.  OneWorldTree (online at Ancestry.com).

14.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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