Go to Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Diana, Goddess of the Hunt — for Ancestors!
 
Go to Every-Name Index
Every-Name Index
 
Historic Districts and Sub-Districts of Württemberg / Wuerttemberg
including a Simplified Chronology of Its Geographical History
The geographic history of Germany is extremely complex, so a detailed rendition is far beyond the scope of this page, but I hope this page will be at least somewhat helpful in clarifying the geographic origin of our German immigrant ancestors from Wuerttemberg [Württemberg].
Simplified Chronology of Württemberg
Dates Name Under the Dominion of...
1495-1512 Duchy of Wuerttemberg
Herzogtum Württemberg
Holy Roman Empire
Heiliges Römisches Reich
1512-1803 Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation
Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation
1803-1806 Electorate of Württemberg
Kurfürstentum Württemberg
1806-1813 Kingdom of Wuerttemberg
Königreich Württemberg
Confederation of the Rhine, First French Empire
Rheinbund, Französisch Erstes Kaiserreich
1815-1866 German Confederation
Deutscher Bund
1867-1870 North German Confederation
Norddeutscher Bund
1871-1918 German Empire
Deutsches Reich
1919-1933 Free People's State of Wuerttemberg
Freier Volksstaat Württemberg

[In 1938, the four existing kreise and all the
oberamter were abolished and replaced
with 34 new kreise.]

Weimar Republic | German Empire
Weimarer Republik | Deutsches Reich
1933-1943 German Empire
Deutsches Reich
1943-1945 Greater German Empire
Großdeutsches Reich
1945-1952 Württemberg-Baden
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG)
Bundesrepublic Deutschland (DEU)
1952- Baden-Württemberg (BW)
The First French Empire is also called the Napoleonic Empire. Officially, the Weimar Republic was the German Empire, but the former name is the one most used today.  In 1945, Württemberg was split into Württemberg-Baden (in the American Zone) and Württemberg-Hohenzollern (in the French Zone); in 1952, the two were merged with Baden to form the modern state of Baden-Württemberg.  From a Nazi perspective, the Holy Roman Empire from 962 to 1806 is counted as the First Reich, the German Empire from 1871 to 1918 as the Second Reich, and the German Empire from 1933-1945 as the Third Reich.
Divisions of Württemberg, 1817-1938

In the 1817, Wuerttemberg was divided into four kreise (singular, kreis).  The word, "kreis," literally means "circle," but is usually translated into English as "district."  The kreise of Wuerttemberg were further subdivided into oberamter [oberämpter] (singular, oberamt [oberämpt]).  The word, "oberamt," literally means "upper office," but could be loosely translated as "main office" or "headquarters" — oberampter were the smallest divisions of government administration above the village or town.  Like kreis, the word oberamt is usually translated into English as "district," which is one source of the confusion between the two because, in fact, they are not equivalent. 

The four kreise of Wuerttemberg are listed below with their included oberampter.  These were abolished in 1938.

(Names in red-brown are for my own personal convenience as they are the origins of my ancestors.)

Donaukreis
Alpeck (extinct in 1819), Biberach, Blaubeuren, Ehingen, Göppingen, Geislingen, Kirchheim, Leutkirch, Münsingen, Ravensburg, Riedlingen, Saulgau, Tettnang, Ulm, Waldsee, Wangen, Wiblingen.
Neckarkreis
Backnang, Besigheim, Böblingen, Brackenheim, Cannstatt, Esslingen, Heilbronn, Leonberg, Ludwigsburg, Marbach, Maulbronn, Neckarsulm, Stuttgart (excluding the city itself), Vaihingen, Waiblingen, Weinsberg.
Jagstkreis
Aalen, Crailsheim, Ellwangen, Gaildorf, Gerabronn, Gmünd (Schwäbisch Gmünd), Hall (=Schwäbisch Hall), Heidenheim, Künzelsau, Lorch, Mergentheim, Neresheim, Öhringen, Schorndorf.
Schwarzwaldkreis
Balingen, Calw, Freudenstadt, Herrenberg, Horb, Nagold, Neuenbürg, Nürtingen, Oberndorf, Reutlingen, Rottenburg, Rottweil, Spaichingen, Sulz, Tübingen, Tuttlingen, Urach.
Sources:  numerous entires at Wikipedia plus some excellent posts to the Baden-Wuerttemberg Mailing List online in the Mailing List Archives at RootsWeb.com.  A search on "Lothar Schmid" and kreise in the 2001 archive will bring up the relevant messages.

Contact Home
Page
Table of
Contents
DNA
Hub
Biddle
DNA
Carrico
DNA
Corbin
DNA
Cupp
DNA
Danish
DNA
Ely
DNA
Lyon(s)
DNA
Rasey
DNA
Reason
DNA
Rose
DNA
Straub
DNA
Pedigree
Charts
Census
Records
Every-Name
Indices

"The Cloud" is double-speak for "dumb terminal on a main frame." Been there; done that. Never again.
You are giving away not only your privacy, but control of your data, your apps, and your computer to a corporation. Is that really where you want to go?
The IT guys on the big iron hated the Personal Computer because it gave users freedom and power; now they've conned you into being back under their control again.
Table of Contents
Go to Table of Contents
 
Privacy Policy ______
Every-Name Index
Go to Every-Name Index