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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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William STROUP
Barbara KEARNS
Husband:  William STROUP
Birth:  1787/8, Derry [now Decatur] Twp., Mifflin Co, PA
Death:  Nov 1866, PA
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  Philip STROUP
Mother:  Margaret FRAMPTON

William is said to have died in Mifflin Co., PA, but in the 1860 census he was living in Cambria Co., PA.

Marriage:
Wife:  Barbara KEARNS
Birth:  1780-90, prob. 1787-90
Death:  6 May 1840, Decatur Twp., Mifflin Co., PA
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Thomas KEARNS
Mother:  Sophia ZWALLIG
Children born in Decatur Twp., Mifflin Co., PA (data in braces are {age, birthplace} from the 1850 Census):
1.  Thomas STROUP, b. 1810/1  {39, PA
2.  (Son A) STROUP, b. 1810-20
3.  (Son B) STROUP, b. 1810-20
4.  Sophia STROUP, b. 10 Sep 1814 {36, PA}
5.  Elizabeth STROUP, b. 1818/9 {31, PA}
6.  (Son C) STROUP, b. 1820-25
7.  (Son D) STROUP, b. 1820-25
8.  (Son E) STROUP, b. 1825-30

Possible daughters:
Sarah STROUP, b. 1822/3 {28, PA}
.  Susanna STROUP, b. 1828/9  {21, PA}

Said to have this son:
.  William STROUP

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1820 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1 of 2; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 PA Mifflin Co. Decatur Twp. p. 204 William Stroup 300010-20020-0-100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Son B
= Son A
= Thomas (b. 1810/1)
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = William (b. 1787/8)
2 females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Elizabeth (b. 1818/9)
= Sophia (b. 1814)
2 females 26-44 1775-1794 = Barbara
= ?
1 person engaged in agriculture
Listed six lines from William's brother, John STROUP, who is two lines from William's father, Philip STROUP

3.  1830 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #3 of 8; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 PA Mifflin Co. Decatur Twp. p. 494 Ln. 1 William Stroup 120 100 100 - 001 100 100
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 4 or under 1825-1830 = Son E
2 males 5-9 1820-1825 = Son D
= Son C
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Thomas (b. 1810/1)
1 male 40-49 1780-1790 = William (b. 1787/8)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Elizabeth (b. 1818/9)
1 female 15-19 1810-1815 = Sophia (b. 1814)
1 female 40-49 1780-1790 = Barbara 

4.  1840 Census Index and Digital Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #1-2 of 8; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 PA Mifflin Co. Decatur Twp. p. 62B Ln. 20 William Stroup 000 110 010 - 002 210 000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 15-19 1820-1825 = Son D or E
1 male 20-29 1810-1820 = Son C
1 male 50-59 1780-1790 = William (b. 1787/8)
2 females 10-14 1825-1830 = Susanna (b. 1828/9)
= ?
2 females 15-19 1820-1825 = ?
= Sarah  (b. 1822/3)
1 female 20-29 1810-1820 = Elizabeth (b. 1818/9)
It's impossible to reconcile this household in 1840 with the one in 1830.  Obviously, Barbara's death has caused disruption, but still it's hard to believe this is our subject; yet, surely it must be.  Listed two lines from William's brother, John STROUP, who is listed next to their brother, Simon STROUP, in one direction; and, in the other direction, listed ten lines from William's sister, Elizabeth (STROUP) CARNES/KEARNS

5.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #15 of 26):  Brown Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, p. 198B, 96/98, enumerated 13 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Thomas Stroup 39 M   Blk Smith 1200 Pa
[Thomas's wife and children et al.]
William Stroup 62 M   Farmer   "
Susanna    " 21 F       "
One would assume Susanna is William's daughter, but if so, where was she in the 1830 census?  Then again, she appears to be with him in the 1840 census, so is the 1830 census simply in error?

6.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #33 of 50):  Carrolltown P.O., Carroll Twp., Cambria Co., PA, Roll, p. 129, 1511/1505, enumerated Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Hiram Fritz 40 M   Farmer   800 Pa
Sarah Fritz 38 F         Pa
Jane    " 15 F         Pa
Daniel  " 12 M         Pa
William Stroup 73 M   Farm Labourer     Pa
Here again, one would assume Sarah is William's daughter, but if so, where was she in the 1830 census?  Then again, she appears to be with him in the 1840 census, so is the 1830 census simply in error?

7.  Samuel Sterrett.  1886.  "Decatur Township."  Chap. XVI, pp. 654-659 in Franklin Ellis, ed. History of That Part of the Susquehanna and Juniata Valleys Embraced in the Counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder. Philadelphia (online in the archives of USGenWeb):
p. 654 The following is the assessment of Decatur township in 1815, and gives the names of owners of real estate, number of acres and mills in the township at that time... Philip Stroup, 240; William Stroup, 300...
p. 655 The family of Stroup were early settlers in the territory of Derry township (now Decatur).  Philip and William Stroup were warrantees, and their descendants are living in the county...
For full excerpt, see brother John's page.

8.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).

9.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

10.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service: Pedigree Resource File (index to CDs, online at FamilySearch.org).

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