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Michael STROUP
Jane GOODSON
WARNING:  there are a number of anomalies in this family group sheet that need to be sorted out.
Husband:  Michael STROUP
Birth:  1776/7, NC
Death:  21 Dec 1855, Gaston Co., NC
Disposition:  buried Rhyne Road Cemetery, Lincoln Co., NC
Father:  Jacob STROUP I
Mother:  Nancy HAMBRIGHT
Marriage:  29 Mar 1800, Lincoln Co., NC
Wife:  Jean / Jane GOODSON
Birth:  1775-80
Death:  Jan 1854, Gaston Co., NC
Disposition:  buried Rhyne Road Cemetery, Lincoln Co., NC
Father:  William GOODSON (c1746-c1800)
Mother:  Mary J. PATTON

If Jane didn't die until 1854, where was she in the 1850 census?

Children born in Lincoln [now Gaston] Co., NC:
1.  Mary Magdaline STROUP, b. ca. 1802; d. 4 Sep 1821, Lincoln Co., NC; m. 4 Sep 1820, Lincoln Co., NC, Moses Nathaniel DELLINGER (1791-1872)
2.  Nancy STROUP, b. 1803 
3.  William STROUP, b. 1805/6
4.  (Daughter A) STROUP, b. 1800-1810; d. bef. 1820
5.  Benjamin F. STROUP, b. ca. 1809/10
6.  Jesse STROUP, b. 1813/4
7.  Lawson STROUP, b. 1818/9
8.  Anne STROUP, b. 1816
9.  Jane STROUP, b. 1818/9
WARNING:  secondary sources give our subjects this daughter, but no female this age is with them in the 1820 or 1830 census:
?  Deana "Denny" STROUP, b. 10 Aug 1808; d. 17 Aug 1875, Lincoln Co., NC; m. 9 May 1831, Lincoln Co., NC, Henry KEEVER

WARNING:  the 1820 and 1830 censuses show only two sons born between 1810 and 1820, yet secondary sources list five sons born during that period.  The only conclusion can be that three of these "sons" do not belong here, and these would seem to be the three:
Champion STROUP, b. ca. 1811
?  Isaac STROUP, b. 1813/4
?  Solomon STROUP, b. 1814/5

Grandchild(?):
.  Jonas STROUP, b. 1832/3, NC
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, North Carolina

Sources:

1.  Jordan Dodd.  1997.  North Carolina Marriages to 1825.  Ancestry, Inc., Provo, UT (online at Ancestry.com):
Stroup, Michael Goodson, Jean 29 Mar 1800 Lincoln Co.

2.  1800 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #34 of 72 list was roughly alphabetized; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1800 NC Lincoln Co. Roll M32_29 p. 858 Ln. 4 Michael Stroup 00100-00010-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex  Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 16-25 1774-1784 = Michael (b. 1776/7)
1 female 26-44 1755-1774 = Jane 

3.  1810 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 4; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1810 NC Lincoln Co. Capt Dellingers Dist Roll 40 p. 496 Ln. 8 20010-31110-00
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1800-1810 = Benjamin (b. 1809/10)
= William (b. 1805/6)
1 male 26-44 1765-1784 = Michael  (b. 1776/7)
3 females 9 or under 1800-1810 = Daughter A
= Nancy (b. 1803)
= Mary (b. ca. 1802)
1 female 10-15 1794-1800 = ?
1 female 16-25 1784-1794 = ?
1 female 26-44 1765-1784 = Jane

4.  1820 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #10 of 33; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1820 NC Lincoln [now Gaston] Co. "East of the South Fork of the Catawba River" Roll M33_83 p. 362 Ln. 35 Michael Stroup 220010-20110-0-000 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
2 males 9 or under 1810-1820 = Son B
= Son A
2 males 10-15 1804-1810 = Benjamin (b. 1809/10)
= William (b. 1805/6)
1 male 26-44 1775-1794 = Michael (b. 1776/7)
2 females 9 or under 1810-1820 = Jane (b. 1818/19)
= Anne (b. 1816) 
1 female 16-25 1794-1804 = Nancy (b. 1803)
1 female 26-44 1775-1794 = Jane
Apparently, the census was enumerated after their daughter, Mary, married on 4 Sep 1820.

5.  1830 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #159 of 214; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1830 NC Lincoln Co. Roll 122 p. 234 Ln. 3 Michael Stroup 001 110 010 - 001 010 010 no slaves
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
1 male 10-14 1815-1820 = Son B
1 male 15-19 1810-1815 = Son A
1 male 20-29 1800-1810 = Benjamin (b. 1809/10)
1 male 50-59 1770-1780 = Michael (b. 1776/7)
1 female 10-14 1815-1820 = Jane (b. 1818/9)
1 female 20-29 1800-1810 = Nancy (b. 1803)
1 female 50-59 1770-1780 = Jane

6.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Michael not found, which suggests he is already a widower and living with one of his married children.

7.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #45 of 149):  Gaston Co., NC, p. 413A, 327/328, enumerated 10 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Michael Stro?p 73 M   Farmer 150 No Ca
Jane      " 31 F       "
Jonas     " 17 M       "
Soloman   " 35 M       "
Where is Michael's wife?  She is said not to have died until 1854.  It's hard to interpret the ordering of the children, but Jonas is surely a grandchild.  If so, is he Jane's son?  And if so, doesn't that make her Michael's daughter-in-law.  Listed between Michael's presumed sons, Lawson STROUP (æ 31) and Isaac/Jesse STROUP (æ 36).  There is a 75-yr old Louisa STROUP living with Lawson, whom I would have taken to be his mother.  If so, is Lawson really Michael's son, or is Jane actually Louisa Jane?

8.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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