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Martin Luther STROUP
Caroline MILLER
Husband:  Martin Luther STROUP
Birth:  1 Mar 1838, Decatur Twp., Mifflin Co., PA
Death:  1900-1910, presumably in Derry Twp., Mifflin Co., PA
Religion:  Deacon, Evangelical Lutheran Church
Father:  John STROUP
Mother:  Margaret BAIR

Martin said to have died in 1890, but clearly (see below) he was still living in the 1900 census.

Marriage:  6 Oct 1857
Wife:  Caroline MILLER
Birth:  Jul 1837, PA
Death:  1900-1910, presumably in Derry Twp., Mifflin Co., PA
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Jacob MILLER
Children born in Decatur Twp., Mifflin Co., PA:
1.  John Miller STROUP, b. 23 Feb 1859
2.  Sarah "Sallie" STROUP, b. Sep 1860
3.  Catharine "Kate" J. STROUP, b. 1862/3
4.  Jacob W. "Jake" STROUP, b. 1864/5; d. aft. 1930 census; did marry
5.  Harry B. STROUP, b. 1866/7; d. aft. 1930 census; appears never to have married
6.  Franklin / Frank M. STROUP, b. 1868/9; d. aft. 1930 census; appears never to have married
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1860 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #104 of 424):  Decatur P.O., Decatur Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, p. 102, PN 4, 27/24, enumerated 4 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Luther Stroup 23 M   Farmer   800 Penna
Caroline  " 22 F         "
John M    "  2 M         "
David     " 21 M   Farmer   150 "
Sophia Lepley 13 F         "
David STROUP is Luther's brother.

3a.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 30):  Lewistown P.O., Decatur Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, Roll M593_1375, p. 281B, PN 2, 11/11, enumerated 8 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Stroup Luther 34 M W Farmer 4,000 3,952 Pennsylvania
______ Caroline 38 F W Keeping house     "
______ John 11 M W at home     "
______ Sallie  9 F W at home     "
______ Jacob  5 M W at home     "
______ Mary B  3 F W at home     "
______ Franklin  1 M W at home     "
"Mary B." should be "Harry B." and male, not female.  The missing Catharine appears to be living nearby (see next source).

3b.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2-3 of 30 indexed "Strout" for Catharine):  Lewistown P.O., Decatur Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, Roll M593_1375, pp. 281B-2828A, PN 2-3, 16/16, enumerated 8 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Frend George 30 M W Farmer 2520 638 Pennsylvania  
______ Elizabeth 22 F W Keeping house     "  
______ Simon  3 M W at home     "  
Stroup Catharine  7 F W at home     "  
Frend Sophia 3/12 F W at home     Pennsylvania Jul
Listed five households from our subjects, so she appears to be the daughter, Kate J. STROUP, in our subjects' household in 1880.

4.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #23 of 57):  Derry Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, Roll T9_1156, p. 90A, PN 23, SD 7, ED 173, enumerated 14 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 21 24 25 26
207 207 Stroup Martin W M 42     / Farmer   PA PA PA
    ______ Caroline W F 45 Wife   / Keeping house   PA PA PA
    ______ John M W M 21 Son /   works on Farm   PA PA PA
    ______ Sallie W F 19 Dau /   at home   PA PA PA
    ______ Kate J W F 17 Dau /   at home / PA PA PA
    ______ Jacob W W M 15 Son     at home / PA PA PA
    ______ Harry B W M 13 Son     at home / PA PA PA
    ______ Frank W M 11 Son     at home / PA PA PA

5.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

6.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #6 of 21):  West Derry Election District, Derry Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, Roll T623_1441, p. 108B, SN 3, SD 12, ED 135, enumerated 5 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 19 20 22 23 24 25 27
62 63 Stroup Martin L Head W M Mar 1838 62 M 41     PA PA PA Farm laborer 4 Y Y Y R H
    ______ Caroline Wife W F Jul 1837 62 M 41 6 6 PA PA PA              
    ______ Harry B Son W M Sep 1873 26 S       PA PA PA Grocer 0 Y Y Y    
    ______ Frank M Son W M Mar 1876 24 S       PA PA PA Day laborer 0 Y Y Y    
    Stoneroad Sallie Dau W F Sep 1866 33 M  2 0 0 PA PA PA House Keeper 0 Y Y Y    
    _________ Valentine D Son-in-law W M Mar 1864 36 M  2     PA PA PA Cabinet-Maker 0 Y Y Y    
    Mohler Martin Boarder W M Jun 1881 19 S       PA PA PA Day laborer 0 Y Y Y    
    Catharman James Boarder W M Jan 1865 35 M  7     PA PA PA Carpenter 0 Y Y Y    
Based on earlier censuses, the ages and birthyears of the STROUP children are clearly incorrect.  Perhaps it was done to support Sallie's fib about her age because she had been well on her way to becoming an old maid.

7a.  1910 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find Martin or Caroline or their son, Jacob.

7b.  1910 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 37):  West Dist., Derry Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, Roll T624_1376 (Part 1), p. 116B, PN 2B, SD 13, ED 114, enumerated 16 Apr 1910, official enumeration date 15 Apr 1910 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1910:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 12 13 14 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
36 36 Stroup Harry B Head M W 36 S PA PA PA Eng Clerk Department Store Emp N 0 Y Y   O F H
    ______ Frank M Bro M W 34 S PA PA PA Eng Laborer Odd Jobs OA N 0 Y Y Y      
Frank's occupation, etc. had been written in, then crossed out.

8a.  1920 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find Martin or Caroline or their son, Jacob.

8b.  1920 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #3 of 37):  South Main Street, West Derry Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, Roll T625_1601, p. 72A, SN 2A, SD 14, ED 117, enumerated 2 Jan 1920, official enumeration date 1 Jan 1920 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1920:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 16 17 18 19 21 23 26 27 28
* X 31 32 Stoneroad Valley D Head Free M W 56 M   Y Y PA PA PA Trucker    
      _________ Sarah Wife   F W 55 M   Y Y PA PA PA None    
      _________ Audrey M Dau   F W 17 S Y Y Y PA PA PA None    
      Stroup Harry B Bro-in-law   M W 49 S   Y Y PA PA PA helper Steel work W
      ______ Frank M Bro-in-law   M W 46 S   Y Y PA PA PA helper Steel work W
*South Main Street

9.  1930 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 12):  46 South Main Street, Yeagertown, Derry Twp., Mifflin Co., PA, Roll, p. 235B/2801, SN 1B, ED 44-7, SD 15, enumerated 2 Apr 1930, official enumeration date 1 Apr 1930 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1930:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 25 26 27 28 30
* 48 21 21 Stoneroad Valintine D Head R 25 R N M W 63 M 33 N Y PA PA PA Y Florist Hot house O Y N
      _________ Sarah Wife         F W 58 M 30 N Y PA PA PA Y None        
      _________ Audrey M Dau         F W 27 S   N Y PA PA PA Y None        
      Stroup Harry B Bro-in-Law         M W 60 S   N Y PA PA PA Y None       N
      ______ Jake Bro-in-Law         M W 55 Wd 25 N Y PA PA PA Y None       N
      ______ Frank Bro-in-Law         M W 47 S   N Y PA PA PA Y Carpenter Building house W Y N
*South Main Street

10.  Samuel Sterrett.  1886.  "Decatur Township."  Chap. XVI, pp. 654-659 in Franklin Ellis, ed. History of That Part of the Susquehanna and Juniata Valleys Embraced in the Counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder. Philadelphia (online in the archives of USGenWeb):
p. 655 The family of Stroup were early settlers in the territory of Derry township (now Decatur)...
p. 656 Martin Luther Stroup was born in Decatur township and received limited educational advantages at the public school.  For years he assisted his father on the farm and, receiving his portion of his father's estate, purchased a farm in the same township.  Having sold this property, he purchased again in Derry township, where he now resides.  He married, October 5, 1857, Caroline, daughter of Jacob Miller, of Schuylkill County, Pa., their children being John M., Sallie, Katy J., Jacob W., Harry B. and Frank M.  Mr. Stroup is a member and served for years as deacon of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Decatur township...
For full excerpt, see Martin's father's page.

11.  Archives of the STRAUB-L Mailing List (online at RootsWeb.com).

12.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  AF - Ancestral File (online at FamilySearch.org).

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