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James STROUP
Harriet STRAIN
Mary Nancy SMITH
WARNING:  Secondary sources are equating our subject with the James STROUP who married Eliza M. HATCHER in 1849.  Our subject is still living with his wife, Harriet, in the 1850 census, so unless he's a bigamist, these are two different James STROUPs.
Husband:  James STROUP
Birth:  3 Apr 1808, Highland Co., OH
Death:  14 Sep 1891, Highland Co., OH
Disposition:  buried Stroup Cemetery, Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH
Occupation:  farmer
Father:  Anthony STROUP
Mother:  Mary "Polly" LAWRENCE
Marriage-1:  24 Nov 1831, Highland Co., OH
Wife-1:  Harriet STRAIN
Birth:  28 Feb 1810, Highland Co., OH
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  John STRAIN
Mother:  Mary COLVIN
Marriage-2:  9 May 1852, Highland Co., OH
Wife-2:  Mary Nancy SMITH probably not her maiden name
Birth:  1812-14, PA
Father:  born in PA
Mother:  born in MD
Children with Harriet STRAIN born in Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH:
1.  Levi STROUP, b. 1832/3 
2.  Josephus STROUP, b. 1835
3.  Charles Turner STROUP, b. 1836/7
4.  John Wilkin STROUP, b. 1838/9
5.  Margaret Ann STROUP, b. 1840/1 or Jan 1845
Children with Mary Nancy SMITH:
apparently none
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania

Sources:

1a.  Anon.  1966.  Marriage Index:  Ohio, 1789-1850.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-400):
Stroup, James Strain, Harriet 24 Nov 1831 Highland Co.

1b.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1998.  Marriage Index: Ohio, 1851-1900.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-236):
Stroup, James, Jr. Smith, Nancy 9 May 1852 Highland Co.

1c.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org):
James STROUP
Spouse: Mary Nancy SMITH
Marriage: 9 May 1852, Highland, Ohio
Source: Marriage Records, 1805-1953. Ohio. Probate Court (Highland County)

2.  1840 Census Index/ Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #7-8 of 10; extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1840 OH Highland Co. Dodson Twp. pp. 102B-103A Ln. 25 James Stroup 310 001 - 000 001 0100000
These data indicate:
No. & Sex Age Class Therefore Born Individuals Inferred
3 males 4 or under 1835-1840 = John (b. 1838/9)
= Charles (b. 1836/7)
= Josephus (b. 1835)
1 male 5-9 1830-1835 = Levi (b. 1832/3)
1 male 30-39 1800-1810 = James (b. 1807/8)
1 female 30-39 1800-1810 = Harriet (b. 1809/10)
1 person engaged in agriculture
Listed two lines above James's sister, Elizabeth, wife of Charles Turner HENDERSON; and, in the other direction, listed one line below Claiborne STROUP, who is one line below William W. STROUP, who is four lines below James's father, Anthony STROUP

3.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #5-6 of 31 James and Charles are indexed):  Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH, pp. 267B-268A/534-535, 800/800, enumerated 15 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
James Stroup 42 M   Farmer 1500 O
Harriet   " 40 F       "
Levi      " 17 M       "
Josephus? " 15 M       "
[next page]
Charles T Stroup 13 M       O
John        " 11 M       "
Margaret A  "  9 F       "

4.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #10 of 28):  Allensburg P.O., Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH, Roll 986 (Book 1), p. 67B, PN 135, 975/954, enumerated 19 Jun 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
James Stroup 52 M   Farmer 7500 1300 Ohio
Mary     " 45 F         Pa
Charles  " 22 M         Ohio
John     " 20 M         "
Margaret " 14 F         "
Rachel Smith? 30 F         Pa

5.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #7 of 29):  Hillsborough P.O., Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH, p. 65A, PN 22, 182/173, enumerated 14 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Stroup James 62 M W Farmer 8000 1200 Ohio
______ Mary 58 F W Keeping house     Pennsylvania
______ John W 30 M W Farm laborer     Ohio
______ Eldora C  5 F W At home     Ohio
Dorney Sarah 18 F W Dom Servant     England
Fouch Franklin 20 M W Farm laborer     Ohio
Is John a widower?  Is Eldora his daughter?  Listed next to James's first cousin, Claiborne STROUP

8.  1880 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #23 of 40):  Dodson Twp., Highland Co., OH, p. 282C, PN 23, SD 4, ED 41, enumerated 12-14 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 21 24 25 26
80 87 Stroup James W M 72     / Farmer   OH MD KY
    ______ Mary W F 66 Wife   / House Keeping   PA PA MD
    Hundley Hattie W F 13 Gd-dau /     / OH OH OH
    _______ James S W M  9 Gd-Son /     / OH OH OH
    Helsley Josie W F 22 Servant /   House work   OH OH OH
Listed next to James's first cousin, Claiborne STROUP

9.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

10.  1900 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found.

11.  Family Group Sheet No. 28742 (Everton Publishers, Inc., P.O. Box 368, Logan, UT 84323-0368; Broderbund CD-13).

12.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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