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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Jacob Jackson STROUP
Elizabeth MYERS
NOTICE:  a patrilineal descendant of Jacob Jackson STROUP is participating in the STRAUB Y-chromosome DNA Surname Project.  His test results indicate he is genetically related to the NEWHOUSE family (originally German NEUHAUS).  More paper research and more DNA testing are definitely needed, but it appears probable that our subject is a descendant of Isaac NEWHOUSE I of Philadelphia, PA, who moved to Wythe, then Fauquier, then lastly Washington Co., VA.
Husband:  Jacob Jackson STROUP / STROP
Birth:  1831/2, Wythe Co., VA
Death:  1860-65 probably in the Civil War
Occupation:  laborer
Adoptive(?) Father:  Jacob STROUP
Adoptive(?)/Biological(?) Mother:  Mary KETTENRING

There was only one adult male NEWHOUSE known to be living in Washington, Smyth, or Wythe Co. at the time our subject was conceived (see census timeline), namely, this John NEWHOUSE, so it appears he can be the only candidate for being Jacob's father:

Biological Father appears to beJohn4 NEWHOUSE Isaac II3, Isaac I2, Anthony1
Biological Mother may beNancy JAMERSON

If Jacob Jackson was the adopted son of this John NEWHOUSE, then his mother would presumably be John's wife at the time, Nancy JAMERSON; and, in which case, we may be able to find the adoption in the county guardianship records.  Alternatively, our subject could be the result of an illicit relationship between John NEWHOUSE and Mary (KETTENRING) STROUP, in which case, it's unlikely we would be able to prove it, especially as our subject had no daughters to pass on Mary's mtDNA.

Marriage:  20 Dec 1854, Hawkins Co., TN
Wife:  Elizabeth "Eliza" MYERS
Birth:  1833/4, VA
Occupation:  homemaker
Other Spouse:  m2. 26 Dec 1865, Hawkins Co., TN, Samuel LIGHT
Children born in Hawkins Co., TN:
1.  John Jacob STROUP, b. 1856/7; d. 1924, Morristown, Hamblen Co., TN; m. 9 Nov 1880, Sarah Jane COATS (1865-1909); eight children
2.  William STROUP, b. 5 Dec 1859
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia

Sources (n.b., until 1832, Wythe Co. was adjacent to Washington Co.; Hawkins Co. is adjacent to Sullivan Co.):

1.  Byron Sistler & Barbara Sistler.  1987.  Early East Tennessee Marriages, Vol. 1, Grooms.  Byron Sistler & Assoc., Inc., Nashville, TN.
p. 352 Strop, Jacob J. to Eliza Myers 12-20-1854 [Hawkins County]

2.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #13 of 16):  New Canton P.O., District No. 5, Hawkins Co., TN, Roll M653_1255, p. 48A, PN 166, 1184/1110, enumerated 26 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Jackson Stroup 28 M   Laborer   20 Virginia
Eliza      " 26 F         Tennessee
John       "  3 M         "
William    " 6/12 M         "
Listed next to Jackson's father, Jacob STROUP (æ 52, b. VA).

3.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 11):  Fall Branch P.O., District No. 16, Hawkins Co., TN, Roll M593_1536, p. 202B, PN 4, 22/22, enumerated 20 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Light Samuel 26 M W Farmer   185 Tennessee
_____ Eliza 32 F W Keeping House     Virginia
_____ John J 12 M W At Home     Tennessee
_____ William 10 M W Attending School     Tennessee
_____ Rhoda  4 F W       Tennessee
_____ Frances  2 F W       Tennessee
Apparently our subject died, probably in the Civil War, and his widow has remarried.

4a.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 36):  16th Civil District, Hawkins Co., TN, Roll T9_1261, p. 218B, PN 14, SD 1, ED 78, enumerated 1 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 20 22 23 24 25 26
113 114 Light Samuel W M 36     / Farmer / / / TN TN TN
    _____ Eliza W F 40 Wife   / keeping house   / / VA VA VA
    _____ Wm W M 21 Son /   Farmer     / TN TN VA
    _____ Rhoda W F 14 Dau /   At home   / / TN TN VA
    _____ Annie W F 12 Dau /   At home   / / TN TN VA
    _____ Samuel W M  5 Son     Laborer on farm       TN TN VA
William is Eliza's son from her prior marriage (her son, John, is living with his grandparents and is using surname STROUP see next source); William's father was born in VA, not TN.

4b.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #13 of 36):  District No. 5, Hawkins Co., TN, Roll T9_1261, p. 224A, PN 25, SD 1, ED 78, enumerated 1 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 22 23 24 25 26
206 207 Strop Jacob W M 90     / Farmer / / VA VA VA
    _____ Lucresia W F 45 Wife   / Keeping house / / TN TN TN
    _____ John W M 22 GSon /   Farmer   / TN VA TN

5.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

6.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

7.  Participant in the STRAUB Y-chromosome DNA Surname Project.

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