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Conrad STROUP
Margaret __?__
Husband:  Conrad STROUP / STROOP
Birth:  ca. 1740s
Death:  1786/7, Ohio Co., VA
Military Service:  Revolutionary War:  1774, Sgt., Dunmore's War; 1778, Lt., Ohio County Militia; 1782, defender of Fort Henry

Dunmore's War is often considered the first battle of the Revolutionary War, and the battle of Ft. Henry the last.  I wonder how many soldiers were at both?

Conrad probably descends from Wilhelm STRUB, the 1737 immigrant to Philadelphia who settled in Frederick Co., VA, but I haven't been able to make the connection.

Marriage:
Wife:  Margaret __?__
Birth:  ca. 1740s
Children:
— born in VA, presumably now Ohio Co., WV:
Henry STROOP, b. 1768/9 — married Nancy __?__
Sarah STROUP, b. 1774/5 — married Abraham T. ECHOLES
John STROUP / STROOP, b. 1776/7 — married Margaret ECCLES

.  Margaret STROUP
.  Susannah STROUP
.  Catherine STROUP
.  Elizabeth STROUP

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Virginia, West Virginia

Timeline
Year Location Event
by 1755   birth of Conrad STROUP
by 1755   birth of Margaret
by 1775    marriage of Conrad STROUP & Margaret
1768/9 (W)VA birth of son, Henry
1774/5 (W)VA birth of daughter, Sarah
1776 Revolutionary War begins
1776/7 (W)VA birth of son, John
1777 (W)VA: Ohio Co.: Black's Cabin Conrad STROUP witnesses deed
1777 (W)VA: Ohio Co. Conrad STROUP appraises estate
1778 (W)VA: Ohio Co. Conrad STROUP surety
1778 (W)VA: Ohio Co. Conrad STROUP receives commision as Lt.
c1780   Conrad STROUP listed on petition
1782 (W)VA: Ohio Co.: Ft. Henry Conrad STROUP defends Fort
1783 Revolutionary War ends
1786 (W)VA Conrad STROUP signs will
1787 (W)VA: Ohio Co.: Wheeling Creek Conrad STROUP buys 500 acres
1787 (W)VA: Ohio Co.: Wheeling Creek Conrad STROUP buys 500 acres
1787 (W)VA: Ohio Co.: Wheeling Creek Conrad STROUP buys 500 acres
1787 (W)VA: Ohio Co.: Wheeling Creek Conrad STROUP buys 200 acres
1787   death of Conrad STROUP
1787 (W)VA: Ohio Co. will of Conrad STROUP proved
1790 Census - widow not found, but entire VA census was lost
1791 (W)VA: Ohio Co. marriage of daughter, Sarah, to Abraham ECHOLES
1834 Marshall Co. formed from Ohio Co.
1863 West Virginia formed from Virginia

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  Ohio County, West Virginia, Will Abstracts (online at the Wheeling Area Genealogical Society web site):
Conrad STROUP 31 May 1786 
Bequeathed to: Wife Margaret.
Sons Henry and John.
Daughters, Margaret, Susannah, Sarah, Catherine and Elizabeth.
Witnessed: John Caldwell, John Boggs and John McConell. 
Executor: Margaret Stroup. 
Note: Will proved March 1787
Conrad's daughters must have been unmarried or they would have been mentioned with their husbands' surnames; and we know John and Sarah were minors. 

3.  Samuel Gordon Smyth.  1909.  A Genealogy of the Duke-Shepherd-Van Metre Family.  New Era Print Co., Lancaster, PA (online at HeritageQuest at Genealogy.com):
p. 97 "Abraham Van Metre acquired settlement rights to lands in Ohio Co., Va.; these were located on the waters of Short Creek... A portion of this land, called Black's Cabin, and located on Short Creek, was the scene of the organization of Ohio County which was created out of the District of West Augusta, on Jan. 6, 1777, and afterwards established at West Liberty."
p. 98 Remainder summarized by DGM: at the 6 Jan 1777 proceedings at Black's Cabin, Abraham VAN METRE sold two acres of land to the county for the location of the county government; witness to this deed was Conrad STROUP.

4.  Census Index:  Colonial America, 1607-1789 (Broderbund CD-310):
1777 Stroup, Conrad VA Ohio p. 5
This index to colonial records gives no indication what the record is, only that there is one, and my guess it's for having witnessed the above deed.

5.  Howard L. Leckey.  1950.  Tenmile Country and Its Pioneer Families: a Genealogical History of the Upper Monongahela Valley. Waynesburg Republican, Waynesburg, PA.  775 pp. (Reprinted with index in 1977 by Bookmark, Knightstown, IN, sponsored by Greene County Historical Society, Waynesburg, PA.)  Not seen.  Extraction in next source.

6.  History: Local: Early Settlers, Petition for a New State: Fayette, Washington & Greene Cos, PA (online in the ftp archives of USGenWeb; contributed by Bill & Carolyn Montgomery).  An alphabetized list of names extracted from a petition in Howard Leckey's Tenmile Country and Its Pioneer Families, which includes:
John Stoop...
Conrad Stroup...
The petition itself is not dated, but is believed to have been compiled some time between 1776 and 1780 when there was a movement to have a new state created from these three counties which were, until 1780 under the jurisdiction of Augusta/Ohio Co., VA.  There is reason to believe the list included names of early residents who did not actually sign the petition, but whose names were added to the petition from early county records by politically motivated backers of the movement.  So, while we don't know whether Conrad actually signed the petition, we do know he was in the region at the time.

7.  The Fort Henry Story: The Fort Henry Defenders (online at The Fort Henry Project web site):  In a three-day battle in September of 1782, a group of 47 men and their families succeeded in defending Fort Henry against a force of nearly 300 Amerindians and British soldiers in what has become known as "the last battle of the American Revolution."  The defenders later founded the city of Wheeling on the site.  Among those defenders was Conrad STROOP.

8.  Anon.  1952.  Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia.  Auditor's Office of West Virginia, Charleston, WV. 867 pp. (online at HeritageQuest at Genealogy.com):
Name of Grantee Acres Local Description Year  Book Page
Stroup, Conrad 500 Wheeling Creek 1787 1 403
Stroup, Conrad 500 Wheeling Creek 1787 1 432
Stroup, Conrad 500 Wheeling Creek 1787 1 474
Stroup, Conrad 200 Wheeling Creek 1787 2  37
I would have guessed that these were purchased by a son with newly inherited wealth, but Conrad gives no son, Conrad, in his will, so I guess it was our subject buying the land, just weeks before he died.

9.  Boyd Crumrine.  1902-5.  "Minute (or Order) Book of the Virginia Court held for Ohio County, Virginia, at Black's Cabin (now West Liberty, W. Va.), from January 6, 1777, until September 4, 1780, when its jurisdiction over any part of Pennsylvania had ceased" excerpted from Annals of the Carnegie Museum, Vols. I-III, Pittsburgh.  Re-published in 1974 as Virginia Court Records in Southwestern Pennsylvania:  Records of the District of West Augusta and Ohio and Yohogania Counties, Virginia, 1775-1780, by Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (online at HeritageQuest at Genealogy.com):
p. 15 At a Coart held for Ohio County on Monday the 6th of Aprile, 1778...
Ordered that Jacob Reager be permitted to administer upon the estate of Walter Colhoon, Deceas'd, he Complying with the law. Sd. Reager producd Saml Mason, Neil Galaspy, Conrad Stroup, & Jno Mitchel as sureties, who were excepted accordingly...
p. 16 Saml Mason proved an accompt of 12.10 against the estate of Rodgers McBride, deceasd, therefore Ordered that Sam Mason be admitted to administer upon the Estate of Rodgers McBride he comply with the law. Sd Mason produced Jacob Reager & Conrad Stroup & Neal Gillaspy as sureties, who were accepted accordingly...
Conrad Stroup produced to this Court a Commission from his honour the Governor appointing him Lietenant of Militia for this county, which was read & sworn to in open Coart...
p. 16 agreeable to the Requisition of Cl David Sheepherd this Coart order to recommend to his honour, the Governour, the following Gentlemn for Militia officers for this County, viz: Conrad Stroup & Isaac Micks, as Lieuts & Jeremiah Dun, William Biggs & Hugh McConnel, as Ensigns of the Militia.
p. 40 At a Court held for Ohio County on monday the 1st day of March, 1779.
Present, Solomon Hedges, Silas Hedges, James Caldwell, Edward Robinson, & Charles Well, Gent.—Present James Miller...
Ordered that Ebbenezer Zane, Conrad Stroup, Saml McColloch, & Yeates Conaor, or any three of them, being first sworn, do appas the Estate.

10.  Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck.  1988.  Virginia's Colonial Soldiers.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (online at Genealogy.com):
p. 137 Dunmore's War...
THE NAMES OF THE SOLDIERS ON THE PAY ROLLS AT ROMNEY AND WINCHESTER...
p. 139 Capt. George Wall's roll...
Conrad Stroup, Sgt...

11.  John H. Gwathmey.  1979.  Historical Register of Virginians in the Revoluton: Soldiers-Sailors-Marines, 1775-1783.  Genealogical Publ. Co., Baltimore, MD (online at Genealogy.com):
p. xiii Rom.—A list of militia paid at Romney in 1775.  It is probable that these were Colonial troops late in receving their pay.  It is noted that practically all of them immediately joined the army of the Revolution...
p. 747 Stroup, Conrad, Rom...

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