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Andrew Jackson STROUP
Arathiesa(?) L. __?__
Mary Ellen SMITH
Husband:  Andrew Jackson STROUP
Birth:  21 Jun 1824, York Co., SC
Death:  19 Mar 1884
Occupations:  iron manufacturer, farmer, miller
Military Service:  Civil War:  Union Army
Father:  Jacob STROUP II
Mother:  Sarah JENNINGS
Marriage-1:
Wife-1:  Arathiesa? [Artemisia?] L. __?__
Birth:  1825/6, NY
Occupation:  homemaker
Marriage-2:  2 Nov 1856, Hancock Co., IL
Wife-2:  Mary Ellen SMITH
Birth:  1829/30, IL of Adams Co., IL
Death:  1889, Reeds, Jasper Co., MO
Occupation:  homemaker
Other Spouse:  m1. 20 Feb 1850, Adams Co., IL, Samuel EXON
Father:  James Glenn SMITH (1800-1853)
Mother:  Sarah "Sally" CUNDIFF (1797- )
Children with Arathiesa(?):
1.  Jacob H. STROUP, b. 1851/2, GA presumably in East Armuchee, Walker Co., GA
2.  John E. STROUP, b. 1854/5, IL
Children with Mary Ellen (SMITH) EXON born in Rocky Run Twp., Hancock Co., IL:
1.  Carson Nevada STROUP, b. 1856/7
2.  Lane STROUP [female], b. Oct 1859
3.  William Andrew STROUP, b. 23 Sep 1861
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Georgia, Illinois, Missouri, South Carolina

Sources:

1a.  Marriage Record:  ante-bellum marriage records in South Carolina and Georgia are nearly non-existant due to the burning of county court houses during the Civil War as if we needed another reason to hate war.

1b.  Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 17631900:
Stroup, A F Exon, Mary Ellen 2 Nov 1856 Hancock Bk 2, p. 39, Lic# 2793

2.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #45 of 281):  East Armuchy [Armuchee], Walker Co., GA, p. 364A, 300/300, enumerated 22 Aug 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Andrew J Stroup 26 M   Iron Manufacturer 450 SC
Arathiesa? L " 24 F       N York
Mary McFall 10 F       Geo
Margaret "  3 F       "
Is Arathiesa(?) a failed attempt at spelling Artemisia?  Artemisia is the only name I can think of that comes close.  Some secondary sources assert that Arathiesa(?) is the mother of the McFALL girls, but her age and birthplace argue against it.  The only other McFALLs in Walker Co., GA, are Hiram (36, NC), Martha (10, GA), and Emily (6, GA), each living in a different household in either East or West Armuchee.  A possible scenario here is that Hiram McFALL is a widower, and the four scattered McFALL children are his, with his late wife possibly a sister of either Andrew or Arathiesa.  Listed two households from Benjamin F. STRAIN, son of Andrew's half-sister, Catharine (STROUP) STRAIN

3.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Genealogy.com, Image #16 of 20):  Warsaw P.O., Rocky Run Twp., Hancock Co., IL, Roll 184 (Book 1), p. 784, PN 523, 3705/3599, enumerated 31 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Andrew J Stroup 36 M   Farmer 2800 500 SC
Mary E      " 30 F         Ills
James S Exon  9 M         "
Martha E  "  8 F         "
Jacob H Stroup  8 M         Georgia
John E     "  5 M         Ills
Nevada C   "  3 F         "
Lane       " 7/12 F         "
Carson Nevada STROUP is male.  (What an interesting name.  Carson City, state capital of Nevada, was named for explorer Kit CARSON.)  Listed next to Andrew's brother, Jacob Decatur STROUP

4.  1870 Census Indes/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, and I tried every conceivable set of search terms.  I also did page-by-page checks of Rocky Run Twp., Hancock Co., IL, and of Pleasant View Twp., Cherokee Co., KS.

5a.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #10 of 23):  Pleasant View Twp., Cherokee Co., KS, Roll 376 (Book 1), p. 565B, PN 10, SD 1, ED 47, enumerated 10 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 11 13 24 25 26
79 82 Stroup Andrew J W M 55     / Miller S Carolina Md S Ca
    ______ Carson N W M 22 Son /   Miller Illinois S Ca Ill
    ______ Josephine W F 45 Sister /   Keeping house Georgia Md S Ca

5b.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 17 John is mis-indexed "Egan"):  Rocky Run Twp., Hancock Co., IL, p. 258C, PN 7, SD 3, ED 179, enumerated 16 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 21 24 25 26
63 Exon John M W M 25     / Farmer   IL Eng IL
  Stroup Mary W F 48 Mother   / House keeper   IL KY KY
  Malone Halley W F  9 Niece /     / IL IN IL

5c.  1880 Census (indexed at FamilySearch.org; page image online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 34):  Ursa Twp., Adams Co., IL, Roll 174, p. 337C, PN 7, SD 6, ED 21, enumerated 4 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 13 24 25 26
60 60 Smith T B W M 26       / Farmer Illinois Ky Ireland
    _____ Jothe? F W F 24   Wife   / Keeping House Illinois Ky Md
    _____ Sallie E W F  2   Dau /     Illinois Ill Ill
    _____ Walden W M 1/12 Apr Son /     Illinois Ill Ill
    Cox Mary W F 19   Servant /   Servant Illinois Ill Ill
    Stroup Wm A W M 19     /   Laborer Illinois Miss Ill
    Smith J S W M 22     /   Laborer Illinois Ill Tenn
All other sources indicate William A. STROUP's father was born in South Carolina, not Mississippi note that it's a virtual certainty that William was not the informant for this record and may not even have been present during the interview.  The head-of-household, Thomas B. SMITH, is a nephew of Mary Ellen (SMITH) STROUP, that is, he's William A. STROUP's first cousin. 

6.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

7.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

8.  A file at "GenCircles.com" says Andrew died in Illinois, but was buried in Jasper Co., MO.

9.  Messages posted to the Stroup Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

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