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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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(James) Andrew STROUP
Martha Jane JACKSON
Husband:  (James) Andrew STROUP
Birth:  1831/3 or 26 Jul 1830, MO
Death:  1860-70
Occupation:  farmer
Uncle(?)/Father(?)/Cousin(?):  John STROUP
Father:  Mr. STROUP
Mother:  Ms. __?__
Marriage:  16 Nov 1852, Jefferson Co., MO
Wife:  Martha Jane JACKSON
Birth:  26 Jul 1828, Morgan Co., TN
Death:  aft. 1880
Occupation:  homemaker
Father:  Benjamin JACKSON
Mother:  Ms. __?__
Children born in Jefferson Co., MO:
1.  George Washington STROUP, b. 10 Dec 1853
2.  James Benjamin STROUP, b. 4 Nov 1855
3.  Jacob Franklin STROUP, b. 13 Sep 1857
4.  William Leroy STROUP, b. 10 Jul 1860
5.  Adaline Catherine STROUP, b. 18 Dec 1861 or 1862/3; m1. Mr. GATEWOOD; m2. Mr. HUDSON
6.  Elizabeth Ellen STROUP, b. 16 Apr 1868
Others in Household:
.  John JACKSON or John Jackson STROUP, b. 1845/6, MO
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; USA, US, United States, Missouri, Tennessee

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd, ed.  1998.  Marriage Index: Missouri, 1851-1900.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-234):
Stroup, Andrew Jackson, Martha 16 Nov 1852 Jefferson Co.
No second marriage for Martha is on the CD, which obviously does include Jefferson County marriage records.

2.  1850 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #141 of 153):  District No. 42 [Joachim Twp.], Jefferson Co., MO, p. 477A, 1058/1058, enumerated 30 Oct 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
John Stroup 39 M   Farmer 1000 Mo
Elizabeth " 33 F       Mo
Susan     " 15 F       Mo
William   " 12 M       Mo
Peter     " 10 M       Mo
Austin    "  5 M       Mo
George    "  2 M       Mo
Hercules Ogle 20 M   Laborer   Mo
Andrew Stroup 18 M   do   Mo
Andrew's being listed last is supposed to indicate that he is not John & Elizabeth's son, which is supported by the fact that he is not in John's household in the 1840 census.  It's going to be tough proving who Andrew's parents were without additional evidence.

3.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #13 of 35):  Grubville P.O., Big Pine Twp., Jefferson Co., MO, Roll M653_626, p. 671, PN 122, 927/916, enumerated 31 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Andrew Stroup 30 M   farmer 250 200 Mo
Martha J Stroup 32 F         Tenn
George  7 M         "
Jas B  4 M         "
Jacob F  2 M         "
Jno Jackson 16 M         Mo
The children were born in Missouri, not Tennessee.  This enumerator did not use ditto marks for the surnames, so it's unclear whether "Jackson" is John's middle name or his surname.  Odds are the latter, otherwise it's an incredible coincidence that Andrew's brother's middle name turns out to be his wife's maiden name, yet secondary sources assert he is Andrew's brother, not Martha's.

4.  1870 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #14 of 45):  Hillsboro P.O., Central Twp., Jefferson Co., MO, Roll M593_783, p. 227B, PN 14, 100/105, enumerated 12 Jul 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Stroup Martha J 45 F W Keeps House   300 Tennessee
______ George 15 M W Works on farm     Missouri
______ Benjamin 14 M W do     do
______ Jacob 13 M W do     do
______ William 10 M W do     do
______ Adaline  7 F W At Home     do
______ Elizabeth  2 F W do     do

5.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #2 of 38):  Central Twp., Jefferson Co., MO, Roll T9_695 (Book 1), p. 90B, PN 2, SD 1, ED 193, enumerated 1 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 20 22 23 24 25 26
10 10 Stroup Martha W F 52     \ \ Keeping house     \ SC SC SC
    ______ William L W M 20 Son \     Working on farm   \ \ MO MO SC
    ______ Jacob F W M 22 Son \     Working on farm \ \ \ MO MO SC
    ______ Catherine W F 16 Dau \     At home     \ MO MO SC
    ______ Elizabeth W F 12 Dau \     At home   \ \ MO MO SC
Listed eight households from Henry STROUP (æ 33, b. MO, wife Lucy), who is next to the DICKERMAN household, with whom is living Jacob STROUP (æ 28, b. MO, unmarried).

6.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

7.  Archives of the STROUP-L Mailing List (online at RootsWeb.com).

8.  Email:  our subject is "James Andrew" on his son George's death certificate.

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