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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Jacob STRAUB
Caroline R. SCHAEFER
Husband:  Jacob STRAUB
Birth:  23 Dec 1831 or 1834, Canton Bern, Switzerland
Death:  25 Jan 1895, St. Louis, MO
Disposition:  buried Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis, MO
Military Service:  Civil War (Union):  Pvt., Co. D, 4th Rgmt. Missouri Cavalry
Marriage:  25 Nov 1869, Madison Co., IL
Wife:  Karolina / Caroline R. SCHAEFFER / SCHAEFER
Birth:  7 Oct 1847, Hesse-Darmstadt
Death:  29 Jan 1940, St. Louis, MO
Disposition:  buried Lake Charles Cemetery, St. Louis, MO
Migration:  to America in 1866 with unknown family
Parents:  born in Germany

SCHAEFER may not be her maiden name, and her middle initial might not be the first letter of her middle name, but rather the first letter of her maiden name.

Son? Stepson? Adopted Son?:
1.  Otto H. STRAUB, b. 29 Nov 1868, IL; d. 30 Jan 1945, Eureka, St. Louis Co., MO; bur. Lake Charles Cem., St. Louis, MO; never married

Otto was born a year before Jacob and Caroline were married.  In the 1880 census, his father is shown born in Illinois, which suggests he is not Jacob's child, though in later censuses his father is shown born in Switzerland.  He may be our subject's son from a prior marriage, though I find no such marriage record in Illinois.  He could be Caroline's child from a prior marriage, in which case, SCHAEFER is not her maiden name.  He could also be Caroline's illegitimate child, or he could simply be adopted and not related to either one of them.  Or maybe he is their child, and Jacob simply did his duty and married her, a year later.

Children:
born in Marine Twp., Madison Co., IL:
  2.  Jacob STRAUB, b. Oct 1871
  3.  [Wilhelmina] "Minnie" STRAUB, b. 8 Mar 1874
  4.  George STRAUB, b. Mar 1876 
  5.  Margaret "Maggie" STRAUB, b. 16 Nov 1879
  6.  Lena / Lyda / Lydia STRAUB, b. 10 May 1882; d. 1956, Ocala, Marion Co., FL; m. Edward CANAVAN
  7.  Charles STRAUB, b. 1 Feb 1885; d. 2 Mar 1963, St. Louis, MO; m. 22 Dec 1903, East St. Louis, IL, Edna Agatha KELLY (1886-1970)

born in Bellaire, Belmont Co., OH:
  8.  Louis Edwin STRAUB, b. 23 Mar 1888; d. 7 Jul 1971, Boca Raton, Palm Beach Co., FL; bur. St. Louis, MO; m. 1 Jun 1910, St. Louis, MO, Mary Elizabeth BURKE (1887-1955)

born in St. Louis, MO:
  9.  Edwin STRAUB [twin], b. 29 Sep 1891; d. 14 Aug 1904 (drowned), St. Louis, MO
10.  Edwina / Edna STRAUB [twin], b. 29 Sep 1891; d. 1892, St. Louis, MO

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; CHE, CE, Schweiz, Suisse, BE; FRG, Germany, DEU, Deutschland, Hessen-Darmstadt; USA, US, United States, Florida, Illinois, Missouri

Sources (n.b., Madison Co., IL, is just across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, MO):

1.  Illinois Statewide Marriage Index, 17631900 (online at the Illinois State Archives web site):
STRAUB, JACOB SCHAEFER, CAROLINE 1869-11-25 Vol. 6, p. 229 Lic. No. 164 Madison Co.

2.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, as expected.

3.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find, except there is a "Jacob unknown" (æ 25, b. Germany) boarding in T4N.R6W [Marine Twp.], Madison Co., IL (p. 709).  Jacob was German-Swiss, so his landlord could easily have assumed he was German.

4.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 21):  Alhambra P.O., "T5 - 6" [Alhambra Twp., T5N.R6W], Madison Co., IL, Roll 593_251, p. 98A, PN 7, 44/45, enumerated 19 Aug 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Straub Jacob 36 M W Farm Hand   300 Switzerland
______ Caroline 23 F W Keeps House     Bavaria
______ Otto  2 M W       Illinois

5.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 40):  Marine Twp. [T4N.R6W], Madison Co., IL, Roll 233, p. 349D, PN 4, SD 7, ED 24, enumerated 1 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 13 14 15 21 24 25 26
31 32 Straub Jacob W M (46)     / Farmer   Active   Switzerland Switzerland Switzerland
    ______ Caroline W F 32 Wife   / Keeping House   "   Germany Darmstadt Darmstadt
    ______ Otto W M 11 Son /   at home   " / Ills Ills Darmstadt
    ______ Jacob W M  8 Son /   " "   " / Ills Switzerland Darmstadt
    ______ Minne? W F  6 Dau /   " "   "   Ills " "
    ______ George W M  4 Son /   " "   "   Ills " "
    ______ Margrete? W F  1 Dau /   " "   "   Ills " "

6.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

7.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #28 of 36):  916 St. Louis Ave., St. Louis City (Ward 2), MO, Roll T623_889 (Book 2), p. 14A, SN 14, SD 11, ED 24, enumerated 12 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 27
* 916 176 294 Straub Caroline Head W F Oct 1847 52 Wd 10 9 Germany Germany Germany 1866 34       Y Y Y H
      ______ Otto Son W M Nov 1868 31 S     Illinois Switzerland Germany     Machine hand 0   Y Y Y  
      ______ George Son W M Mar 1876 24 S     Illinois Switzerland Germany     Labor Day 12   Y Y Y  
      ______ Lena Dau W F May 1882 18 S     Illinois Switzerland Germany     Factory Girl 0 0 Y Y Y  
      ______ Charlei Son W M Feb 1885 15 S     Illinois Switzerland Germany     Day Laborer 0 0 Y Y Y  
      ______ Louis Son W M Mar 1888 12 S     Ohio Switzerland Germany     at School   9 Y Y Y  
      ______ Edwin Son W M Sep 1891  8 S     Missouri Switzerland Germany     at School   9 Y Y Y  
*St. Louis Ave.
Listed at same address with married daughter, Margaret (STRAUB) STEINBAKER, and married son, Jacob STRAUB.

8.  1910 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #20 of 27):  1417 Monroe Street, St. Louis (Ward 3), MO, Roll T624_812 (Book 1), p. 136B, SN 10B, SD 10, ED 45, enumerated 23 Apr 1910, official enumeration date 15 Apr 1910 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1910:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 28
* 1417 238 251 Straub Caroline R Head F W 62 Wd 4 [unreadable] Ger German Ger German Ger German 1866 Eng None         Y Y R H
      ______ Otto H Son M W 40 S     Illinois Switz German Ger German   Eng Mill Wright Chair Factory W N 0 Y Y    
      ______ Louis Son M W 22 S     Ohio Switz German Ger German   Eng Clerk Bottling Company W N 0 Y Y    
*Monroe Street

9.  1920 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #23 of 37):  4136 Lexington Ave., St. Louis (Ward 22), MO, Roll T625_959 (Book 1), p. 265A, SN 12A, SD 10, ED 440, enumerated 10 Jan 1920, official enumeration date 1 Jan 1920 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1920:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
* 4136 231 278 Straub Caroline Head R   F W 72 Wd 1866 Na 1868   Y Y Germany Ger Germany Ger Germany Ger Y none    
      ______ Otto Son     M W 51 S         Y Y Illinois   Germany Ger Germany Ger Y Mill wright Lumber Co W
    279 Mundloch John Head O M M W 43 M         Y Y Iowa   Prussia Ger Alsace Fre Y core maker Iron Works W
      ________ Margarete Wife     F W 40 M         Y Y Illinois   Switzerland Ger Germany Ger Y none    
      Steinbaker Bernard Stepson     M W 20 S       N Y Y Missouri   Iowa   Illinois   Y Salesman Fish Co W
      __________ Samuel R Stepson     M W 18 S       N Y Y Missouri   Iowa   Illinois   Y None    
      __________ Margaret Stepdau     F W 16 S       N Y Y Missouri   Iowa   Illinois   Y None    
*Lexington Ave

10.  1930 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #7 of 49 indexed "Stanle"):  [street number and name unreadable], Overland, Central Twp., St. Louis Co., MO, Roll 1225 (Book 2), p. 263A, SN 4A, ED 95-125, SD 8, enumerated 5 Apr 1930, official enumeration date 1 Apr 1930 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1930:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
* ??? 82 82 Straub Otto Head O 3000 R N M W 61 S   N Y IL Ger Ger       Y Mill Worker Saw Mill W N 22 N
      ______ Caroline Mother         F W 82 Wd 20 N Y Ger Ger Ger Ger 1866 ?a Y none          
      Walch/Welch William Lodger         M W 69 Wd 21 N Y NY NY NY       Y Gardner Private family W Y   N
*[unreadable]

11a.  Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.  National Park Service (online at www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ and at Ancestry.com as U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865):
Name: Jacob Straub
Side: Union
 Regiment State/Origin: Missouri
Regiment Name: 4 Missouri Cavalry
Regiment Name Expanded: 4th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry
Company: D
Rank In: Private
Rank In Expanded: Private
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M390 roll 47

11b.  Civil War Pension Index (index and images online at Ancestry.com):
Name of Soldier Straub, Jacob
Name
of
Dependent
Widow Straub, Caroline
Minor  
Service D. 4. Mo. Cav.
Date of Filing Claim Application No. Certificate No. State from which Filed
1887 Mar? 23 Invalid 603,371 537,505 Ill.
1895 Mar? 4 Widow 609,775 442,913 Mo.
  Minor      
These card images are blurry and hard to read.

12.  Emails from Deborah Lee Mueller.

13.  Messages posted to the STRAUB Surname Mailing List (online at RootsWeb.com), including this excerpt: 
Jacob Straub was shot in the face by his son-in-law (Geo. W. Stinebaker) in Jan 1895 in front of his home on Wright St. St. Louis, Mo. He died on Jan 26, 1895.

14.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

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