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Hiram STRAUB
Mary HILBERT
Husband:  Hiram "Hi / High" STRAUB
Birth (date from 1900 census):  Apr 1837, Hancock Co., OH
Birth (date apparently from tombstone):  26 Feb 1842
Death:  14 Sep 1909, Village of Evart, Osceola Co., MI
Disposition:  buried 15 Sep 1909, Forest Hills Cemetery, Village of Evart, Osceola Co., MI
Military Service:  Civil War:  1861-1865, Pvt., Co. H, 57th OVI
Father:  Benjamin STRAUB
Mother:  Elizabeth HAAS

Based on the records, Hiram's age varies wildly, but I have to believe that the earliest records, specifically, his ages in the 1850 and 1860 censuses (8 and 18, respectively) are most likely to be the correct ones and these agree with his tombstone.  Even though the later censuses place his age earlier, in the 1830s, these ages cannot be correct because he does not show up, at all, in his father's 1840 census record.

Marriage:  25 Dec 1865, Allegan Co., MI
Wife:  Mary HILBER / HILBERT
Birth (date from 1850 census):  1845/6, Germany
Birth (date from 1900 census):  Sep 1850
Death:  5 Aug 1920
Disposition:  buried Woodland Cemetery, Jackson, Jackson Co., MI
Migration:  1851, to America 
Parents:  born in Germany
Children:
born in MI:
1.  Barbara E. STRAUB, b. 1867
2.  Phillip STRAUB, b. 1867/8
3.  George W. STRAUB, b. Nov 1871
4.  Benjamin Franklin "Frank" STRAUB, b. 25 Sep 1877

born in Gratiot Co., MI:
5.  Mary STRAUB, b. 1 Apr 1880
6.  William Claude / Claud STRAUB, b. Jul 1881 or 20 Mar 1882

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; FRG, Deutschland; USA, US, United States, Michigan, Ohio

Timeline
Year Location Event
1842 OH: Hancock Co. birth of Hiram STRAUB
1845/6 Germany birth of Mary HILBER
1851 Germany to America Mary's family makes the crossing
1860 Census OH: Hancock Co.: Findlay Twp. Hiram living w/parents
1865 MI: Allegan Co. marriage of Hiram STRAUB & Mary HILBERT
1867 MI birth of daughter, Barbara
1867/8 MI birth of son, Philip
1870 Census MI: Livingston Co.: Conway Twp. Hiram STRAUB, head-of-household
1871 MI birth of son, George W.
1877 MI birth of son, Benjamin Franklin "Frank"
1880 MI birth of daughter, Mary
1880 Census MI: Gratiot Co.: Elba Twp. Hiram STRAUB, head-of-household
1881 MI birth of son, William Claud
1890 Census MI: Gratiot Co.: Elba Twp.  Hiram STRAUB, veteran's schedules
1900 Census MI: Osceola Co.: Marion Village Hiram STRAUB, head-of-household
1909 MI: Osceola Co.: Evart Village death of Hiram STRAUB
1910 Census MI: Osceola Co.: Evart Village Mary STRAUB, head-of-household
1920 Census MI: Jackson Co.: Jackson City Mary STRAUB, head-of-household
1920 MI: Jackson Co. death of Mary (HILBERT) STRAUB

Sources:

1.  Jordan R. Dodd.  Marriage Index:  Michigan and Wisconsin, 1830-1900.  Liahona Research, Orem, UT (Broderbund CD-251):  not found (not all Michigan counties included on disk, although at least some Allegan Co. records are).

2.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #23 of 26):  Howell P.O., Conway, Livingston Co., MI, Roll M593_687, p. 47A, PN 23, enumerated 18 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1870:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 16 17 19
190 194 Straub Hiram 30 M W Farmer 400 150 Ohio / / / / /
    ______ Mary 24 F W Keeping House     Ohio / /      
    ______ Barbara E  3 F W       Michigan          
    ______ Phillip  2 M W       Michigan          

3.  1880 Census Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #15 of 16):  Elba, Gratiot Co., MI, Roll 580, p. 481C, PN 31, SD 3, ED 92, enumerated 17 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 13 24 25 26
276 286 Stroub Hiram W M 42       / Farmer OH OH OH
    ______ Mary W F 30   Wife   / Keeping house Ger Ger Ger
    ______ Barbara W F 13   dau /     MI OH Ger
    ______ Phillip W M 12   son /     MI OH Ger
    ______ George W M 7   son /     MI OH Ger
    ______ Frank W M 5   son /     MI OH Ger
    ______ Mary W F 2/12 Apr dau /     MI OH Ger

4.  Veterans' Schedules:  U.S. Selected States, 1890 (Broderbund CD-131):
1890 Straub, Hiram Michigan Gratiot Co. Elba Twp. p. 5

5.  1900 Census Index/Microfilm (online at Genealogy.com):  Marion Village, Marion Twp., Osceola Co., MI, p. 170A, SD 11, ED 151, SN 7, enumerated 11 Jun 1900, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1900 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1900:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 22 23 24 25 26 27
138 145 Straub Hiram Head W M Apr 1837 63 M 30     OH OH OH         N N Y O F H
    ______ Mary Wife W F Sep 1850 49 M 30 7 5 Ger Ger Ger 1855 45     N N Y      
    ______ George W Son W M Nov 1871 28 S       MI OH Ger     Day Laborer 0 N N Y      
    ______ Franklin Son W M Sep 1880 19 S       MI OH Ger     Day Laborer 0 N N Y      
    ______ William Son W M Jul 1881 18 S       MI OH Ger     Day Laborer 0 N N Y      

6.  1910 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #20 of 27):  Cherry Street, Evart Village, Osceola Twp., Osceola Co., MI, Roll T624_669 (Pat 2), p. 54B, SN 15B, SD 11, ED 171, enumerated 9 May 1910, official enumeration date 15 Apr 1910 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1910:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 28
* 307 318 Straub Mary Head F W 64 Wd   8 5 Ger German Ger German Ger German 1851 Eng Own income         Y Y R H
    ______ George Son M W 36 S       Michigan Pennsylvania Ger German   Eng Laborer Odd jobs W N 12 Y Y    
    ______ William C Son M W 22 S       Michigan Pennsylvania Ger German   Eng Laborer Odd jobs W N  4 N N    
    Brady Ada L Servant F W 38 M2 8 0 0 Michigan Pennsylvania New York   Eng Servant Private family W N  0 Y Y    
*Cherry Street
The son's father was born in Ohio.

7.  1920 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #31-32 of 46):  1715 Cooper Street, Jackson City (Ward 8), Precinct 1, Jackson Co., MI, Roll 625_774 (Book 1), pp. 229A-229B, SN 16A-16B, SD 2, ED 29, enumerated 14 Jan 1920, official enumeration date 1 Jan 1920 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1920:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28
* 1715 353 378 Straub Mary Head R F W 74 Wd un Na un Y Y Ger Ger Ger Ger Ger Ger Y None    
      ______ George Son   M W 40 S       Y Y MI   PA   Ger Ger Y Digger Tile Works W
[next page]
* 1715 353 378 Straub William C Son   M W 35 S       Y Y MI   PA   Ger Ger Y Digger Tile Works W
*Cooper Street

8.  1930 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  Mary not found, as expected.  Sons George and William are in prison.

9.  Civil War Pension Index (index and images online at Ancestry.com):
Name of Soldier Straub, Hiram
Name
of
Dependent
Widow Straub, Mary
Minor  
Service H 57 Ohio Inf
Date of Filing Claim Application No. Certificate No. State from which Filed
  Invalid      
1909 Oct 1 Widow 927956 692628 Mich
  Minor      

10.  Anon.  1997-2000.  Military Records of Individual Civil War Soldiers.  Historical Data Systems, Provo, UT (online at Ancestry.com):
Name: Hiram Straub
Enlistment Date: 28 October 1861
Distinguished Service: DISTINGUISHED SERVICE
Side Served: Union
State Served: Ohio
Unit Numbers: 1891 1891
Service Record: Enlisted as a Private on 28 October 1861 at the age of 20.
Enlisted in Company H, 57th Infantry Regiment Ohio on 28 October 1861.
Mustered out Company H, 57th Infantry Regiment Ohio on 14 August 1865 in Little Rock, AR.

11.  WorldConnect / Ancestry World Trees (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

12.  Nancy Straub Holben.  My Straub Family of Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.  FamilyTreeMaker User Home Page.

13.  Messages on the STRAUB Surname Message Board (online at Ancestry.com).

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