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Dionysius R. STRAUB
Catharine __?__
Husband:  Dionysius / Dennis R. STRAUB
Birth:  1818/9, Wuerttemberg
Baptism:  10 Oct 1819, Katholische Kirche, Felldorf, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
Death:  4 Nov 1870, St. Louis, St. Louis Co., MO
Migration (w/parents):  ca. 1836, Germany to Butler Co., OH
Occupation:  bar keeper, laborer, butcher
Military Service:  Civil War:  Cpl./Pvt., Co. C, 33rd Rgmt., Missouri Infantry
Other Kin:  Joseph STRAUB, b. 1826/7, Germany
Father:  Thaddæus STRAUB
Mother:  Prisca RIESTER

Dionysius is a Greek name from scripture; it's English/French cognate is Dennis ten-to-one, our subject's middle name was Riester.

Marriage:
Wife:  Catharina / Catharine __?__
Birth:  1819/20, Alsace
Death:  aft. 1880
Occupation:  homemaker
Parents:  born in Alsace

(When a German born in the 19th-Century vacillates between Germany and France as their birthplace, as Catharine does, it's likely they were born in Alsace-Lorraine, an ethnic German enclave in France alternately ruled by France and Germany; and Catharine does give Alsace as her mother's birthplace.)

Children born in the City of St. Louis, St. Louis Co., MO:
1.  Dionisius / Dionysius / Dennis R. STRAUB, Jr., b. 1842/3
2.  William H. STRAUB, b. 1844/5
3.  Catherine "Kate" STRAUB, b. 1848/9
4.  Violet / Viola STRAUB, b. 1850/1
5.  Priska / Prisca "Priscilla" STRAUB, b. 1852/3
6.  Martha A. STRAUB, b. 1855/6
7.  Francis M. STRAUB, b. 1857/8 possibly Frank STRAUB, b. Jun 1858, MO
8.  Ida M. STRAUB, b. 1861
Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; FRG, DEU, Deutschland, Württemberg; USA, US, United States, Missouri, Ohio

Sources:

1.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
Dionysius STRAUB, Christening: 10 Oct 1819
Father: Thaddaeus STRAUB; Mother: Prisca RIESTER
Location: Katholisch, Felldorf, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg
Source: LDS Film #0958273: Kirchenbuch, 1801-1968, Katholische Kirche Felldorf (OA. Horb)
"Kreis" are civil districts roughly equivalent to U.S. counties.  A translation of "Schwarz-wald-kreis" would be Black Forest District.

2a.  St. Louis, Missouri, Marriages, 1804-76 (online at Ancestry.com):
Dionisius Straub Emeline Chapmen 6 Dec 1865 v. 12 / p. 084

2b.  LDS.  Family Search: Internet Genealogy Service:  IGI - International Genealogical Index (online at FamilySearch.org).
William STRAUB
Spouse: Mary MARSH
Marriage: 29 Oct 1876, Saint Louis, St Louis, Missouri
Source: Marriage Records of St. Louis and St. Louis Co., 1806-1965. St. Louis (Missouri). City Recorder
Dionisious STRAUB
Spouse: Nancy Ann CAGLE
Marriage: 04 Jan 1881, Phelps, Missouri
Source: Marriage Records, 1857-1920. Phelps County (Missouri). Recorder of Deeds
Dionisious R. STRAUB
Spouse: Christina L. BURKLIN
Marriage: 08 Jul 1884, Saint Louis, St Louis, Missouri
Source: Marriage Records of St. Louis and St. Louis Co., 1806-1965. St. Louis (Missouri). City Recorder
William STRAUB
Spouse: Emily ERMENTRAUT
Marriage: 06 Sep 1885, Saint Louis, St Louis, Missouri
Source: Marriage Records of St. Louis and St. Louis Co., 1806-1965. St. Louis (Missouri). City Recorder
Did Dionyius Jr. marry three times?  Or are these the marriages of a Dionysius III?

3.  1840 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found (or expected) as head-of-household.  Dionysius appears to be living in his father's household in Butler Co., OH.

4.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com; Image #205 of 334):  City of St. Louis (Ward 4), St. Louis Co., MO, Roll M432_417, p. 103A, 887/1142, enumerated 3 Sep 1850, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1850 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Dennis Straub 33 M   Bar Keeper 1000 Germany
Catherine 30 F       do
Demetrius  7 M       Mo
William  5 M       do
Catherine  1 F       do
Joseph 23 M   Clerk   Germany
With regard to the eldest son, it appears the enumerator was mis-hearing and/or mis-spelling, Dionysius.  One would assume Joseph STRAUB is Dennis's brother, especially as he is known to have a brother this age, but unless this Joseph managed to get unumerated twice, once here in St. Louis as a clerk and once back home in Butler Co., OH, as a cooper, these are two different Joseph's.  But if so, who is this one?

4.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #227 of 326):  St. Louis P.O., St. Louis City (Ward 7), St. Louis Co., MO, Roll M653_653, p. 228, PN 228, 998/1638, enumerated 2 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Dennis R. Straub 41 M   Labourer   300 Wurtemburg
Catharine   do 40 F         France
Dennis      do 17 M   Baker     Mo
Wm          do 15 M   do     do
Cate        do 11 F         do
Violet      do  9 F         do
Priska      do  7 F         do
Martha A    do  4 F         do
Francis M   do  2 M         do
Priska is a phonetic mis-spelling of the Latin name, Prisca, the pet form of which is Priscilla.

5a.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1107 of 7730):  Saint Louis P.O., St. Louis (Subdivision No. 14), St. Louis Co., MO, Roll M593_817, p. 550B, PN 166, 901/1336, enumerated 24 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):(¤)
1870:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 11 12 19
901 1336 Straube Dennis 51 M W Butcher 800 Wertemburg / / /
    _______ Danl 27 M W Policeman   Missouri / / /
    _______ ??? 22 F W Keeps H   " / /  
Is this our subject?  If so, he and his wife have split up.  Is "Danl" our subject's son, Dionysius/Dennis?  I can't find the son anywhere else.  The young woman is indexed "Lizzie."

5b.  1870 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #1303 of 7730):  212 North 17th Strret P.O., St. Louis (13th Subdivision), St. Louis Co., MO, Roll M593_817, p. 650A, PN 33, 197/241, enumerated 7 Jun 1870, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1870 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
Russell Sarah 60 F W Nurse     Ireland
Straub Catherine 49 F W Keeping House   100 France
   "   William 24 M W Ice Dealer     Missouri
   "   Catherine 21 F W School Teacher     "
   "   Viola 18 F W None     "
   "   Priscilla 16 F W Dress Maker     "
   "   Martha 14 F W "     "     "
   "   Francis 12 M W       "
   "   Ida  8 F W       "

6a.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #39 of 44):  2024 Lucas Avenue, St. Louis (Ward 1), St. Louis Co., MO, Roll T9_720 (Book 1), p. 208C, PN 39, SD 1, ED 78, enumerated 11 Jun 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 11 13 14 24 25 26
* 2024 220 309 Straub Catharine W F 60     W Keeping house   France France Alsace
      ______ Dionisius W M 38 Son   W Baker 2 Missouri Alsace France
      ______ William H W M 36 Son   W Butcher   Missouri Alsace France
      ______ Martha W F 24 Dau /   Milliner   Missouri Alsace France
      ______ Ida W F 19 Dau /   at home   Missouri Alsace France
      Jones Samuel W M 34 Boarder /   Carpenter   Wales Wales Wales
*Lucas Avenue
The children's father was born in Wuerttemberg, but it appears Catharine was born in Alsace, France. They've managed to get enumerated twice, once in June (before Ida married) and again in November (after Ida married).

6b.  1880 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #4 of 20):  2024 Lucas Avenue, City of Saint Louis, Saint Louis Co., MO, Roll T9_730, p. 206D, PN 4, SD 81, ED 194, enumerated 8 Nov 1880, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1880 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):¤-
1880:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Federal Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
    1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 13 24 25 26
* 2024 27 46 Taunehill Sam J W M 23     /   Clerk in P.O. PA Ger Ger
      _________ Ida M W F 19 Wife   /   Keeps house MO Fra Fra
      Straub Kate W F 61 M-in-law     /   Fra Fra Fra
      ______ Dennis W M 37 B-in-law /     Baker MO Fra Fra
      ______ William W M 35 B-in-law /     Butcher MO Fra Fra
      Loeblein George W M 24 Lodger /     Collar maker MO Ger Ger
      Kellerman William W M 27 Lodger /     Collar maker MO Ger Ger
*Lucas Avenue
They've managed to get enumerated twice, once in June (before Ida married) and again in November (after Ida married).

7.  1890 Census:  the 1890 Census Population Schedules were destroyed.

8.  1900 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  not found, at least not in St. Louis.

9.  St. Louis City Death Records, 1850-1908 (online at Ancestry.com):
Name: Dennis R Straub
Death Date: 04 Nov 1870
Address: 24th & Morgan
Volume: 4
Page: 39
County Library: RDSL 12
Missouri Archive: C 10370
SLGS Rolls: 311

10a.  Military Records of Individual Civil War Soldiers.  Historical Data Systems, Kingston, MA (online at Ancestry.com):
Name: Dennis STRAUB
Side Served: Union
State Served: Missouri
Service Record: Enlisted as a Corporal.
Enlisted in Company C, 33rd Infantry Regiment Missouri.

10b.  Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System.  National Park Service.  (online at www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ and at Ancestry.com):
Name: Dennis B. STRAUB
Side: Union
Regiment State Origin: Missouri
Regiment Name: 33 Missouri Infantry
Regiment Name Expanded: 33rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry
Company: C
Rank In: Corporal
Rank In Expanded: Corporal
Rank Out: Private
Rank Out Expanded: Private
Film Number: M390 roll 47
The fact that he mustered in as a Corporal suggests he had had prior military service.

10c.  Civil War Pension Index (index and images online at Ancestry.com):
Name of Soldier Straub, Dennis R.
Name of
Dependent
Widow Straub, Catharine
Minor  
Service C. 33 Mo. Inf.
Date of Filing Claim Application No. Certificate No. State from which Filed
  Invalid      
18?? Aug 14 Widow 476,614 399,572 Mo
  Minor      
I can't read the year, but it might be 1892.  So, is this our subject or his son?  Our subject was rather old to have served, and if our subject died in 1870, why would the widow have waited so long to apply?  So did Dennis, Jr., marry again?  To a Catharine?

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