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Diana, Goddess of the Hunt for Ancestors!
 
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Alois STRAUB
Catharine BLACK
NOTICE:  a descendant of Aloysius STRAUB is participating in the STRAUB Y-chromosome DNA Surname Project.  If you descend from a STRAUB/STROUP originating in Alsace-Lorraine and you have a common ancestor with Aloysius, you will be able to prove the connection with DNA testing.
Husband:  Alois / Aloysius STRAUB
Birth:  1803/4, Switzerlandof Alsace-Lorraine

Aloysius is the Latinized form of Alois, which is the German form of the French name, Louis.  In English, Aloysius tends to be pronounced al-lo-I-shus.

Marriage:
Migration:  ca. 1843, to America
Wife:  Catharine BLACK
Birth:  of Alsace-Lorraine
Children:
born in Alsace-Lorraine:
1.  [E.?] Alexander STRAUB, b. 1832/3
2.  Joseph STRAUB, b. 1834/5 
3.  Edward STRAUB, b. 1838-40 
4.  (Maria / Marie / Mary) Fidelia / Adelia / Adella / Della STRAUB, b. 1 Jun 1842

born in Buffalo, Erie Co., NY:
5.  (Johann) Georg / George STRAUB, b. 14 Jan 1844
6.  Charles STRAUB, b. 1844/5

born in OH:
7.  Catharine STRAUB, b. 1847/8

The children give immigration dates from 1835 to 1844, but a date ca. 1843 seems evident from their birthplaces.

Keywords for search engines:  genealogy; France; USA, US, United States, New York

Sources:

1.  Marriage Record:

2.  1850 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com):  can't find, and I really looked.

3.  1855 Kansas Territorial Census (online at Ancestry.com):  not found.

4a.  1860 Census Every-Name-Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #14 of 33):  Doniphan P.O., Wayne Twp., Doniphan Co., KS, Roll M653_347, p. , PN 128, 1055/971, enumerated 10 Aug 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
Oliver Straub 50 M   farmer 700 200 Switzerland
Magdaline 50 F         Bavaria
Chas 15 M         NY
Catharine 12 F         Ohio

4b.  1860 Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #54 of 235):  St. Joseph P.O., City of St. Joseph (First Ward), Buchanan Co., MO, Roll M653_609, p. 390, PN 118, 864/802, enumerated 25 Jul 1860, official enumeration date 1 Jun 1860 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):(¤)
E Straub 27 M   Grocer 5000   Ohio
C Straub 23 F         Germany
Geo  "  2 M         Mo
A Straub 19 F         N Y
Edward " 21 M   Black Smith     France
J      " 25 M   Laborer     "
"E" has to be Alexander, who in later censuses gives his birthplace as France; "C" is Alexander's wife, Catharine; "Geo" is their son, Edward George.  "J" is Joseph, and "A" is Adelia.  But where is Johann Georg?  In later censuses, both Alexander and Adelia give their birthplace as France. 

5a.  1865 Kansas State Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #15 of 18):  Geary City P.O., Wayne Twp., Doniphan Co., KS, Roll ks1865_3, p. 30, 220/226, enumerated 30 Aug 1865, official enumeration date 1 May 1865 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1865:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 10 11 12 13
220 226 Alowas Streaub 61 M 1300 700 Switzerland M
    Matherine? Streaub 55 F     Bavaria M
Listed next to married son, Alex STRAUB (see next source).

5b.  1865 Kansas State Census Index/Images (online at Ancestry.com, Image #15 of 18):  Geary City P.O., Wayne Twp., Doniphan Co., KS, Roll ks1865_3, p. 30, 219/225, enumerated 30 Aug 1865, official enumeration date 1 May 1865 (extracted by Diana Gale Matthiesen):
1865:  for an explanation of the column headings, please see
What the Numbers in the Census Mean (missing columns contained no data).
1 2 3 4 5 9 10 11 12 13
219 225 Alex Streaub 32 M Engineer 1600 400 France M
    Catherine Streaub 28 F       Bavaria M
    Joseph Streaub 29 M Farmer     France S
    Caroline Siglur? 17 F Servant     Baden "
    Edmond Streaub  7 M       Missouri "
    Fran Streaub  4 M       Missouri "

6.  Death Certificate: George Straub.  California State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, County of Los Angeles, Local Registered No. 1198 (scanned image kindly provided by Renee Straub):  The handwriting on the certificate is "idiocyncratic" leading to various readings of the Mother's given name.  The difficulty stems from the lowercase "h," but if you look at the lower-case "h" in the decedant's Race, "White," it becomes clear that the Mother's given name is Catharine. 

7.  Messages posted to the STRAUB Surname Board (online at RootsWeb.com/Ancestry.com).

8.  Messages posted to the Straub Family Genealogy Forum (online at GenForum.com).

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